Number of Live Births by Maternal Risk Factors in Pregnancy
By Race and Ancestry of Mother,
Michigan Residents, 2018

Maternal Risk Factors Race Ancestry
All Races White Black American
Indian
Asian &
Pacific
Islander
All Other Races Hispanic Arab
Diabetes                
Prepregnancy 943 595 237 6 51 50 93 43
Gestational 6,479 4,757 876 33 599 195 520 501
Hypertension                
Prepregnancy 2,072 1,319 671 11 33 28 81 31
Gestational1 8,614 6,451 1,686 51 224 176 505 215
Previous Cesarean Delivery                
Yes 15,911 11,603 3,060 84 676 439 1,162 780
More than one 4,962 3,547 1,107 30 113 148 416 292
Previous preterm birth 3,736 2,497 1,015 31 91 88 270 132
Other previous poor outcome2 1,545 1,178 280 13 38 29 88 64
Vaginal bleeding during pregnancy 1,458 1,096 236 5 75 36 82 71
Pregnancy by infertility treatment 1,312 1,135 50 6 97 22 38 109
None of the above risks 74,948 54,226 15,043 429 3,001 2,027 5,069 3,596
Exposure to Tobacco 20,562 16,014 3,842 219 173 283 1,084 347
Mother smoked while pregnant3 15,752 12,627 2,697 180 76 144 742 128
Mother exposed to smokers at home 12,337 9,840 2,030 131 123 203 665 263
Mother ever smoked 18,331 14,844 2,956 196 121 182 936 152
Total Live Births 110,093 80,003 21,643 627 4,545 2,927 7,421 5,210

 

Notes: 1Gestational Hypertension includes pregnancy induced hypertension, preeclampsia and eclampsia.
2The category "Other previous poor outcome" includes perinatal deaths, small for gestation age births, or intrauterine growth-restricted births.
3Mothers who had a history of smoking, but never quit, plus those who quit at some point between estimated conception and birth date.

For information regarding alcohol consumption and other behaviorial risk factors, see Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring (PRAMS) at www.michigan.gov/prams.

Source:

2018 Michigan Resident Birth Files, Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services.