Number of Live Births by Maternal Risk Factors in Pregnancy
By Race and Ancestry of Mother,
Michigan Residents, 2019

Maternal Risk Factors Race Ancestry
All Races White Black American
Indian
Asian &
Pacific
Islander
All Other Races Hispanic Arab
Diabetes                
Prepregnancy 1,008 644 262 4 40 54 89 42
Gestational 6,573 4,802 930 43 546 229 488 385
Hypertension                
Prepregnancy 2,290 1,438 767 7 36 40 94 45
Gestational1 9,541 7,065 1,957 46 238 218 488 196
Previous Cesarean Delivery                
Yes 15,850 11,255 3,295 85 632 516 1,140 786
More than one 5,069 3,484 1,245 33 110 179 414 290
Previous preterm birth 4,001 2,548 1,198 31 90 110 272 149
Other previous poor outcome2 1,587 1,174 329 16 39 25 89 88
Vaginal bleeding during pregnancy 1,221 855 254 1 55 46 84 80
Pregnancy by infertility treatment 1,502 1,282 77 4 108 28 50 114
None of the above risks 71,914 51,875 14,127 415 3,020 2,210 5,226 3,290
Exposure to Tobacco 19,537 15,043 3,697 249 200 314 1,064 317
Mother smoked while pregnant3 14,643 11,566 2,603 199 78 173 709 119
Mother exposed to smokers at home 11,924 9,471 1,914 157 158 208 695 260
Mother ever smoked 16,911 13,510 2,850 206 111 205 860 151
Total Live Births 107,917 77,739 21,400 609 4,510 3,250 7,579 4,840

 

Notes: 1Gestational Hypertension includes pregnancy induced hypertension, preeclampsia and eclampsia.
2The category "Other previous poor outcome" includes perinatal deaths, small for gestation age births, or intrauterine growth-restricted births.
3Mothers who had a history of smoking, but never quit, plus those who quit at some point between estimated conception and birth date.

For information regarding alcohol consumption and other behaviorial risk factors, see Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring (PRAMS) at www.michigan.gov/prams.

Source:

2019 Michigan Resident Birth Files, Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services.