Percent of Live Births by Characteristics of Labor and Delivery
By Race and Ancestry of Mother,
Michigan Residents, 2019

Characteristics of Labor and Delivery Race Ancestry
All Races White Black American
Indian
Asian &
Pacific
Islander
All Other Races Hispanic Arab
Induction of labor 28.4 29.6 24.9 30.4 24.4 27.2 27.2 23.3
Augmentation of labor 23.9 24.5 20.8 23.3 25.5 27.5 27.5 26.6
Non-vertex presentation 2.1 2.2 1.4 1.3 2.3 1.7 1.8 1.5
Steroids received for fetal lung maturation 3.5 3.6 3.4 3.3 2.0 3.5 3.4 2.4
Antibiotics received by mother during labor 25.3 24.8 27.2 23.8 26.8 24.6 24.3 28.7
Clinical chorioamnionitis diagnosed during labor 1.3 1.2 1.2 * 2.6 2.1 1.9 1.6
Meconium staining moderate/heavy 6.0 5.5 7.4 5.3 5.9 7.3 6.1 5.9
Fetal intolerance of labor 6.2 5.9 7.1 6.1 7.5 7.4 6.7 7.4
Epidural or spinal anesthesia during labor 72.2 72.4 71.4 64.7 77.2 68.3 67.4 71.9
None of the above 15.9 16.0 16.2 19.9 13.1 15.8 18.2 14.7

 

Source:

2019 Michigan Resident Birth Files, Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services.