Age-Adjusted Rates for Accidents and Accidental Drug Overdoses by Sex,
Black Michigan Residents, 2000-2019

Age-Adjusted Rates
Year Accidents Accidental Opioid
Drug Overdoses
Total Male Female Total Male Female
2000 41.2 ±3.6 63.0 ±7.0 24.4 ±3.7 3.2 ±1.0 4.7 ±1.7 2.0 ±1.0
2001 38.8 ±3.5 52.5 ±6.2 26.9 ±3.9 2.6 ±0.9 3.3 ±1.4 2.1 ±1.0
2002 39.6 ±3.5 59.2 ±6.6 23.8 ±3.6 2.6 ±0.9 3.7 ±1.5 1.7 ±1.0
2003 35.7 ±3.3 50.1 ±6.0 23.9 ±3.6 2.8 ±0.9 3.9 ±1.5 2.0 ±1.0
2004 34.5 ±3.2 53.0 ±6.4 20.7 ±3.3 3.1 ±0.9 3.4 ±1.4 2.9 ±1.2
2005 32.8 ±3.1 48.0 ±5.7 20.0 ±3.3 4.5 ±1.1 6.3 ±1.9 2.9 ±1.2
2006 34.0 ±3.1 53.9 ±6.1 18.1 ±3.1 5.7 ±1.2 8.6 ±2.3 3.3 ±1.3
2007 37.3 ±3.3 56.6 ±6.2 22.1 ±3.4 3.9 ±1.0 5.8 ±1.8 2.3 ±1.1
2008 33.2 ±3.1 43.6 ±5.4 24.4 ±3.5 5.3 ±1.2 7.6 ±2.1 3.3 ±1.3
2009 39.4 ±3.4 57.6 ±6.2 24.6 ±3.5 7.0 ±1.4 10.6 ±2.5 4.0 ±1.4
2010 34.2 ±3.1 44.5 ±5.3 25.6 ±3.6 4.4 ±1.1 4.8 ±1.6 4.2 ±1.5
2011 36.7 ±3.2 50.7 ±5.8 25.6 ±3.6 5.4 ±1.2 6.6 ±1.9 4.3 ±1.5
2012 33.3 ±3.1 46.2 ±5.5 22.5 ±3.4 5.1 ±1.2 6.3 ±1.9 4.2 ±1.5
2013 38.6 ±3.3 55.3 ±5.9 25.2 ±3.6 6.8 ±1.4 10.4 ±2.5 3.8 ±1.4
2014 42.3 ±3.4 57.3 ±5.9 29.2 ±3.8 9.5 ±1.6 13.7 ±2.8 5.8 ±1.7
2015 44.6 ±3.5 66.2 ±6.4 27.1 ±3.7 12.0 ±1.8 18.0 ±3.2 6.9 ±1.8
2016 53.1 ±3.8 76.8 ±6.9 33.6 ±4.1 17.5 ±2.2 24.6 ±3.8 11.5 ±2.4
2017 61.0 ±4.1 91.7 ±7.5 35.8 ±4.3 23.1 ±2.5 34.2 ±4.5 13.9 ±2.7
2018 63.9 ±4.2 92.5 ±7.6 40.6 ±4.5 28.1 ±2.7 41.1 ±4.9 17.3 ±2.9
2019 62.5 ±4.1 90.3 ±7.4 39.8 ±4.4 28.2 ±2.8 43.6 ±5.1 15.4 ±2.8

Average Annual Rates of Change
Year Accidents Accidental Opioid
Drug Overdoses
Total Male Female Total Male Female
2000-2010 -1.9 -3.4 0.5 3.3 0.3 7.8
2010-2019 6.9 8.2 5.0 22.9 27.8 15.5

Note: Accidents are deaths with an underlying cause of death of ICD-10 codes: V01-X59 or Y85-Y86. Accidental drug overdoses are accidental poisoining deaths (underlying cause of death X40-X44) with a related cause of death that mentions heroin, prescription opioids or other synthetic opioids(ICD-10 T40.0-T40.4,T40.6).

Rates are per 100,000. Computed by the direct method, using as the standard population the age distribution of the total population of the United States for the year 2000. The true rate lies between the lower and upper bounds of the interval with 95% statistical confidence.

AARC: Average annual rates of change or growth rates are calculated as:

[(Dn/D0)1/N-1] × 100


where Dn = the number of deaths occuring in the last time period
D0 = the number of deaths occurring in the earliest time period
N= number of years in interval.

This geometric rate of change assumes that a variable increases or decreases at the same rate during each year between the two time periods.

Source: 2000-2019 Michigan Death Files