Number of Opioid Drug Overdoses by Sex,
Black Michigan Residents 2000-2019

Year All Opioids1 Prescription Opioids2 Heroin3 Synthetic Opioids other
than Methadone4
Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female
2000 51 32 19 13 4 9 34 25 9 2 2 .
2001 45 24 21 15 4 11 24 18 6 4 1 3
2002 45 26 19 16 9 7 25 17 8 7 2 5
2003 47 30 17 18 11 7 23 18 5 . . .
2004 51 26 25 23 9 14 22 14 8 1 1 .
2005 73 46 27 27 13 14 43 31 12 9 4 5
2006 91 58 33 30 17 13 36 25 11 47 30 17
2007 62 41 21 26 12 14 29 25 4 4 2 2
2008 84 55 29 37 22 15 40 28 12 4 3 1
2009 109 73 36 45 21 24 56 45 11 8 5 3
2010 81 43 38 39 16 23 35 26 9 6 . 6
2011 84 48 36 32 15 17 41 25 16 7 3 4
2012 79 45 34 48 22 26 31 26 5 6 1 5
2013 106 72 34 41 19 22 60 47 13 10 5 5
2014 153 97 56 56 21 35 88 70 18 33 21 12
2015 189 126 63 62 36 26 107 74 33 87 63 24
2016 276 177 99 87 46 41 131 90 41 164 112 52
2017 353 241 112 69 36 33 161 119 42 272 190 82
2018 434 286 148 91 53 38 153 97 56 363 248 115
2019 437 308 129 66 39 27 149 104 45 391 283 108


Opioid deaths: Summing of categories will result in more than the number of all opioid drug overdoses. Categories of deaths are not exclusive as deaths might involve more than one drug.

1Opioid drug overdoses are those with an underlying cause of death defined by the ICD-10 codes: X40-X44, X60-X64, X85, and Y10-Y14; these overdoses must have a related cause of death of T40.0-T40.4 or T40.6.

2Prescription overdoses available by prescription only, with any of the following ICD-10 codes listed as a related cause of death: T40.2-T40.3. This list includes both prescription opioid pain relievers (e.g., hydrocodone, oxycodone, and morphine) and opioids used to treat addiction (e.g., methadone).

3Heroin overdoses are drug overdoses with related cause death codes T40.1.

4Fentanyl & Other Synthetic Opioid are drug overdoses with related cause of death code T40.4.

Source: 2000-2019 Michigan Death Files