Table 18
Infant Deaths of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2005-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth

Birth Defects

Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
A Central Nervous System (All) 608 66 63 52 55 44 45 27 37 219 53 44 51 43 28
  A01 Anencephalus 131 11 12 7 15 13 9 9 10 45 15 9 9 7 5
  A02 Spina Bifida w/o Anencephaly 25 5 4 3 2 2 4 1 - 4 2 1 - - 1
  A03 Hydrocephalus w/o Spina Bifida 171 24 19 14 16 13 11 5 10 59 13 9 12 14 11
  A04 Encephalocele 22 6 3 2 2 1 - 1 2 5 - - 2 3 -
  A05 Microcephalus 105 9 11 11 6 8 6 7 3 44 5 10 12 11 6
  A06 Holoprosencephaly --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- - -
  A99 Other CNS Anomalies 199 16 16 18 10 9 15 7 16 92 16 14 24 24 14
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
B Eye (All) 92 8 7 7 8 3 6 4 7 42 6 9 8 11 8
  B01 Anopthalmos
/Micropthalmos
29 3 1 4 3 - 1 2 1 14 2 3 3 5 1
  B02 Congenital Cataract 15 2 1 2 2 - 1 1 1 5 - - - 3 2
  B03 Aniridia 3 1 - - - - - - - 2 1 - - - 1
  B99 Other Eye Anomalies 59 5 7 3 5 3 4 1 6 25 3 7 6 5 4
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
C Ear, Face and Neck (All) 100 14 2 8 11 6 7 4 5 43 1 6 11 13 12
  C01 Anotia/Microtia 14 - - 1 2 - 2 1 - 8 - - 3 4 1
  C99 Other Ear, Face &
Neck Anomalies
93 14 2 8 10 6 6 3 5 39 1 6 9 11 12

Table 18
Infant Deaths of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2005-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
(Continued)

Birth Defects

Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
D Heart & Circulatory System (All) 1,950 197 171 159 192 174 124 112 139 682 147 151 138 133 113
  D01 Common Truncus 40 2 2 3 7 - 5 3 2 16 2 3 5 4 2
  D02 Transposition of Great
Vessels
80 7 7 3 6 7 6 5 6 33 3 8 10 6 6
  D03 Tetralogy of Fallot 79 5 5 5 11 10 3 6 8 26 5 7 8 4 2
  D04 Ventricular Septal Defect 361 28 29 26 48 23 22 16 21 148 14 31 39 33 31
  D05 Atrial Septal Defect 801 64 54 62 86 56 43 44 51 341 50 79 72 73 67
  D06 Atrioventricular Septal Defect (Endocardial Cushion Defect) 86 13 7 10 9 11 6 4 4 22 7 10 5 - -
  D07 Pulmonary Valve
Atresi& Stenosis
100 10 10 6 17 6 5 5 11 30 5 5 10 4 6
  D08 Tricuspid Valve
Atresi& Stenosis
24 1 2 1 6 1 - 3 - 10 1 2 3 1 3
  D09 Ebstein's Anomaly 24 2 3 2 2 3 2 2 3 5 2 1 1 - 1
  D10 Aortic Valve Stenosis 35 4 4 2 5 2 1 4 5 8 - 2 1 3 2
  D11 Hypoplastic Left Heart
Syndrome
216 19 21 18 17 29 10 14 16 72 25 11 17 13 6
  D12 Patent Ductus Arteriosis 915 99 81 83 103 58 49 55 56 331 48 87 63 79 54
  D13 Coarctation of Aorta 129 12 17 13 8 8 4 12 9 46 7 16 9 7 7
  D14 Pulmonary Artery Anomalies 133 15 7 15 19 19 10 3 3 42 3 1 11 15 12
  D15 Interrupted Aortic Arch 22 - 4 1 4 5 1 2 2 3 1 1 1 - -
  D16 Total Anomalous Pulmonary
Venous Return (or connection)
29 3 3 2 5 3 2 1 4 6 4 1 1 - -
  D17 Double Outlet Right Ventricle 49 6 7 9 4 3 7 2 4 7 1 4 2 - -
  D18 Common Ventricel 29 1 4 1 9 3 2 2 2 5 3 - 2 - -
  D99 Other Heart &
Circulatory System
Anomalies
1,057 96 84 67 101 102 79 76 81 371 94 85 75 58 59
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
E Respiratory System (All) 598 74 69 58 48 34 40 30 39 206 41 61 41 40 23
  E01 Lung Agenesis/
Hypoplasia
303 49 30 25 25 17 29 21 20 87 22 47 18 - -
  E02 Choanal Atresia 24 1 1 1 2 1 3 1 3 11 3 2 2 4 -
  E99 Other Respiratory
System Anomalies
288 28 39 33 25 17 9 9 16 112 17 15 21 36 23
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
F Cleft Palate & Cleft Lip 128 12 14 13 11 15 6 7 10 40 5 6 10 12 7
  F01 Cleft Palate 40 2 3 4 5 9 3 1 2 11 1 3 3 3 1
  F02 Cleft Lip w & w/o Cleft Palate 88 10 11 9 6 6 3 6 8 29 4 3 7 9 6

Table 18
Infant Deaths of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2005-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
(Continued)

Birth Defects

Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
G Upper Alimentary Caanal/
Digestive System (All)
286 31 27 28 31 23 18 19 17 92 25 19 19 12 17
  G01 Esophageal Atresia/
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
49 5 2 6 4 3 1 3 4 21 6 3 4 3 5
  G02 Rectal & Large Intestinal
Atresia/Stenosis
49 7 4 4 4 2 2 3 6 17 5 5 3 2 2
  G03 Pyloric Stenosis 6 1 1 - - 1 1 - 1 1 - - - 1 -
  G04 Hirshsprung's Disease
(congenital megacolon)
12 - 1 - 1 - - 2 1 7 1 1 - 1 4
  G05 Biliary Atresia 12 1 1 1 1 3 - - - 5 2 - 1 1 1
  G99 Other Upper
Alimentary Canal
/Digestive System Anomalies
195 22 20 19 25 15 17 13 7 57 15 15 13 5 9
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
H Genital & Urinary Systems 589 58 45 54 66 55 31 44 36 200 34 55 42 38 31
  H01 Renal Agenesis/
Hypoplasia
141 12 9 17 18 15 9 7 12 42 11 11 7 8 5
  H02 Bladder Exstrophy &
Cloacal Exstrophy
4 2 - - - 1 1 - - - - - - - -
  H03 Obstructive Genitourinary
Defects
139 12 10 8 15 14 5 8 8 59 8 11 15 14 11
  H04 Hypospadias 56 7 2 8 7 3 2 2 3 22 1 8 6 3 4
  H05 Epispadias - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
  H99 Other Genital
& Urinary System
Anomalies
376 38 30 38 37 31 22 32 19 129 18 37 29 25 20

Table 18
Infant Deaths of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2005-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
(Continued)

Birth Defects

Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
I Musculoskeletal System (All) 684 74 61 56 59 42 52 35 44 261 44 60 52 60 45
  I01 Upper Limb Reduction
Deformities
22 2 3 1 3 - 1 4 1 7 - 1 1 4 1
  I02 Lower Limb Reduction
Deformities
18 2 2 - - 2 - 1 3 8 2 2 1 2 1
  I03a Exomphalos/
Omphalocele
--- --- --- --- --- --- 4 2 8 17 2 3 2 8 2
  I03b Gastroschisis --- --- --- --- --- --- 4 4 2 14 1 6 4 3 -
  I03c Prune Belly Syndrome,
Congenital Hernia of Bladder
66 12 8 8 6 7 6 4 5 10 5 4 - 1 -
  I04 Congenital Hip Dislocation 15 2 - 1 - - 2 - - 10 - 2 3 1 4
  I05 Diaphragmatic Hernia 137 10 9 9 12 10 9 8 11 59 12 16 12 13 6
  I99 Other Musculoskeletal
System
470 54 45 42 41 28 34 21 22 183 28 36 38 41 40
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
J Integument (All) 93 6 8 4 5 7 5 5 2 51 9 9 12 13 8
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
K Chromosomal Anomalies 476 57 31 30 47 42 28 34 30 177 35 41 41 30 30
  K01 Trisomy 13 89 13 4 5 8 7 4 8 9 31 7 8 5 4 7
  K02 Down Syndrome 119 15 6 10 16 10 6 6 2 48 13 13 7 6 9
  K03 Trisomy 18 142 11 14 7 15 14 7 13 9 52 9 10 20 7 6
  K04 Chromosome 22q11.2
Deletion Syndrome
--- --- --- - 2 - - - 2 1 1 - - - -
  K05 Turner Syndrome 2 1 1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
  K99 Other Chromosomal
Anomalies
162 23 8 10 7 15 14 16 13 56 12 12 10 13 9
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
L Other and Unspecified
Birth Defects
902 47 49 41 37 28 78 92 112 418 120 90 58 54 96
   

Table 18
Infant Deaths of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2005-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
(Continued)

Other Reportable Conditions

Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
M Infectious Conditions
Occurring in the Perinatal
Period
52 4 5 2 4 10 1 5 4 17 3 6 2 5 1
  M01 Syphilis 3 1 - - 1 1 - - - - - - - - -
  M02 Other Infections 49 3 5 2 3 9 1 5 4 17 3 6 2 5 1
  M03 Zika Virus Disease - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
N Familial/Congenital
Neoplasms
1 - - 1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
O Endocrine/Metabolic
Disorders
378 15 31 13 24 21 21 21 37 195 29 52 40 41 33
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
P Diseases of the Blood
& Blood Forming Organs
246 22 21 10 18 20 21 16 15 103 21 27 18 15 22
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
Q Other Diseases of the
Central and Peripheral
Nervous System
146 12 11 15 7 10 6 7 10 68 11 8 17 16 16
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
R Other Diseases of the Eye 130 19 18 21 25 9 4 3 7 24 7 4 8 2 3
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
S Hearing Deficiency 58 5 4 5 4 4 3 3 3 27 2 7 8 3 7
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
T Other Diseases of the
Heart & Circulatory System
414 32 46 36 30 38 19 28 36 149 36 35 33 26 19

Table 18
Infant Deaths of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2005-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
(Continued)

Other Reportable Conditions

Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
U Other Diseases of the
Gastrointestinal System
338 31 26 17 34 33 27 21 20 129 30 31 27 22 19
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
V Other Diseases of the
Genital and Urinary Systems
19 1 - - 1 - - 2 1 14 1 3 2 5 3
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
X Other Musculoskeletal
System Diseases
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
Y Maternal Exposures
Affecting Fetus
130 6 14 3 13 8 4 10 13 59 14 13 9 12 11
  Y01 Newborn Affected by
Maternal use of Alcohol
3 - - - - - - - - 3 1 - 1 1 -
  Y02 Fetal Alcohol Syndrome --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- - -
  Y99 Other Maternal Exposures
Affecting the Fetus
128 6 14 3 13 8 4 10 13 57 13 13 9 11 11
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
One or More
Reportable Diagnosis 
4,149 411 384 319 356 358 272 273 300 1,476 346 331 292 254 253
   

Notes:
Frequencies include all deaths within the first year of life to children reported with a birth defect who were born in Michigan and whose mother was a resident at the time of birth. This enables the calculation of birth defect mortality rates. Birth defect statistics sometimes reflect trends related to data reporting or new testing. See Data Quality Considerations for further details. Columns do not add to total infant deaths born with birth defects. Some cases include diagnosis with multiple birth defects, and each birth defect diagnosis was counted in each appropriate grouping.
Prior to October 2015, diagnoses were coded using the 9th revision to the International Classification of Diseases - ICD–9–CM.  (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD–9–CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.) After October 2015, the Birth Defect registry coded diagnoses using ICD–10–CM. (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD–10–CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.) Diagnostic Code Groupings used in analysis of birth defects are defined by the Centers for Disease Control.
Source: Michigan Birth Defects Registry, Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services
Reports Processed through May 28, 2020
Mortality data includes all linked deaths identified through death year 2019.

Last Updated on August 17, 2020