Table 13
Birth Defects by Summary Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2005-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth

Birth Defects

  Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
A
Central Nervous System
Birth Defects
7,095 560 580 518 507 457 443 454 483 3,093 544 622 624 769 534
B
Eye Birth Defects 4,769 377 321 316 327 300 290 334 322 2,182 488 528 461 398 307
C
Ear, Face & Neck Birth Defects 3,578 263 204 188 218 170 181 193 201 1,960 247 337 412 530 434
D
Heart & Circulatory System
Birth Defects
31,283 2,775 2,846 2,499 2,462 2,051 1,972 2,076 2,255 12,347 2,242 2,736 2,251 2,737 2,381
E
Respiratory System
Birth Defects
8,281 748 1,048 872 491 404 474 479 597 3,168 591 724 639 666 548
F
Cleft Palate and Cleft Lip 2,509 205 228 205 186 214 170 174 172 955 182 203 224 171 175
G
Birth Defects of the Upper
Alimentary Canal/ Digestive System
7,845 682 814 717 687 615 522 522 557 2,729 573 590 476 613 477
H
Genital & Urinary Systems
Birth Defects
22,419 2,009 2,017 1,815 1,535 1,244 1,223 1,595 1,651 9,330 1,838 2,132 1,775 1,927 1,658
I
Musculoskeletal System
Birth Defects
28,749 2,301 2,502 2,344 1,721 1,440 1,805 1,983 2,448 12,205 2,783 2,931 2,220 2,373 1,898
J
Integument Birth Defects 15,379 630 1,274 499 1,353 1,204 876 1,076 822 7,645 1,625 2,274 1,326 1,364 1,056
K
Chromosomal Anomalies 3,931 316 324 288 315 296 300 281 316 1,495 305 300 281 314 295
L
Other and Unspecified
Birth Defects
20,201 622 490 392 260 205 1,926 1,916 2,149 12,241 2,218 2,614 2,291 2,379 2,739
   

Table 13
Birth Defects by Summary Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2005-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
(Continued)

Other Reportable Conditions

  Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
M
Infectious Conditions
Occurring in the Perinatal
Period
783 44 51 32 85 68 46 53 76 328 72 88 62 60 46
N
Familial/Congenital
Neoplasms
198 19 19 20 20 5 10 15 15 75 15 13 20 11 16
O
Endocrine/Metabolic
Disorders
8,993 576 603 500 604 471 566 561 763 4,349 812 934 829 996 778
P
Diseases of the Blood
& Blood Forming Organs
4,873 328 310 262 310 252 337 375 380 2,319 444 517 489 497 372
Q
Other Diseases of the
Central and Peripheral
Nervous System
5,458 434 438 392 379 349 337 424 425 2,280 441 543 455 499 342
R
Other Diseases of the Eye 9,105 851 848 838 787 623 599 668 649 3,242 745 757 674 632 434
S
Hearing Deficiency 10,432 562 535 463 521 455 612 977 1,021 5,286 1,133 1,196 803 1,247 907
T
Other Diseases of the
Heart & Circulatory System
6,381 433 515 461 483 421 429 437 609 2,593 558 565 496 534 440
U
Other Diseases of the
Gastrointestinal System
8,074 782 702 674 672 486 569 552 634 3,003 654 722 611 561 455
V
Other Diseases of the
Genital and Urinary Systems
1,336 62 59 39 37 53 58 62 68 898 89 128 173 252 256
X
Other Musculoskeletal
System Diseases
37 1 3 3 1 4 4 5 4 12 6 4 1 1 -
Y
Maternal Exposures
Affecting Fetus
6,904 313 317 205 314 266 310 450 488 4,241 538 884 675 1,149 995
One or More
Reportable Diagnosis
150,531 11,158 11,747 9,938 9,705 8,040 9,694 10,730 11,528 67,991 13,258 15,451 12,594 14,052 12,636
   

Notes:
Frequencies include all children reported with a birth defect who were born in Michigan and whose mother was a resident at the time of birth. This enables the calculation of birth defect prevalence rates. Birth defect statistics sometimes reflect trends related to data reporting or new testing. See Data Quality Considerations for further details.
Columns do not add to total live births diagnosed with birth defects. Some cases include diagnosis with multiple birth defects, and each birth defect diagnosis was counted in each appropriate grouping.
Conditions are reportable if identified within the first two years of a child's life. The prevalence frequencies in this table represent cases diagnosed within the first year of life.
Prior to October 2015, diagnoses were coded using the 9th revision to the International Classification of Diseases - ICD–9–CM.  (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD–9–CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.) After October 2015, the Birth Defect registry coded diagnoses using ICD–10–CM. (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD–10–CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.) Diagnostic Code Groupings used in analysis of birth defects are defined by the Centers for Disease Control.
Source: Michigan Birth Defects Registry, Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services
Reports Processed through May 28, 2020

Last Updated on August 17, 2020