Table 14
Birth Defects by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2005-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth

Birth Defects

Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
A Central Nervous System (All) 7,095 560 580 518 507 457 443 454 483 3,093 544 622 624 769 534
  A01 Anencephalus 155 12 14 7 18 15 10 15 13 51 16 11 10 8 6
  A02 Spina Bifida w/o Anencephaly 687 67 70 62 67 41 57 50 50 223 42 46 46 39 50
  A03 Hydrocephalus w/o Spina Bifida 1,353 142 135 140 127 112 97 92 88 420 83 85 79 111 62
  A04 Encephalocele 164 22 13 14 11 10 6 9 15 64 14 9 20 15 6
  A05 Microcephalus 1,874 135 148 141 100 107 119 122 110 892 168 187 176 220 141
  A06 Holoprosencephaly --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- - -
  A99 Other CNS Anomalies 3,882 255 280 243 251 227 206 223 281 1,916 265 349 417 540 345
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
B Eye (All) 4,769 377 321 316 327 300 290 334 322 2,182 488 528 461 398 307
  B01 Anopthalmos
/Micropthalmos
243 26 24 23 22 14 18 19 13 84 22 11 13 21 17
  B02 Congenital Cataract 323 38 22 27 31 16 29 30 19 111 23 14 22 26 26
  B03 Aniridia 42 6 2 4 3 - 4 3 4 16 3 6 2 3 2
  B99 Other Eye Anomalies 4,438 343 301 283 297 284 262 307 306 2,055 463 509 434 368 281
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
C Ear, Face and Neck (All) 3,578 263 204 188 218 170 181 193 201 1,960 247 337 412 530 434
  C01 Anotia/Microtia 250 15 15 18 19 16 19 24 19 105 14 11 27 29 24
  C99 Other Ear, Face &
Neck Anomalies
3,517 259 203 182 212 166 175 187 194 1,939 245 336 403 524 431

Table 14
Birth Defects by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2005-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
(Continued)

Birth Defects

Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
D Heart & Circulatory System (All) 31,283 2,775 2,846 2,499 2,462 2,051 1,972 2,076 2,255 12,347 2,242 2,736 2,251 2,737 2,381
  D01 Common Truncus 204 17 18 15 22 7 22 18 18 67 16 17 15 11 8
  D02 Transposition of Great
Vessels
711 69 60 42 49 48 50 45 50 298 50 58 62 70 58
  D03 Tetralogy of Fallot 839 70 75 62 81 49 71 73 64 294 65 59 60 67 43
  D04 Ventricular Septal Defect 6,943 598 577 534 554 420 448 468 543 2,801 483 619 540 619 540
  D05 Atrial Septal Defect 16,976 1,246 1,296 1,077 1,174 1,011 957 1,169 1,321 7,725 1,247 1,741 1,377 1,796 1,564
  D06 Atrioventricular Septal Defect (Endocardial Cushion Defect) 686 71 81 64 68 56 62 69 70 145 59 61 25 - -
  D07 Pulmonary Valve
Atresi& Stenosis
1,676 179 170 149 138 95 127 112 129 577 95 122 114 124 122
  D08 Tricuspid Valve
Atresi& Stenosis
199 23 11 19 22 11 18 17 17 61 14 19 8 8 12
  D09 Ebstein's Anomaly 121 13 11 8 13 7 9 9 13 38 9 9 9 6 5
  D10 Aortic Valve Stenosis 355 34 31 31 28 21 20 28 30 132 21 27 28 33 23
  D11 Hypoplastic Left Heart
Syndrome
636 64 49 54 48 56 38 44 62 221 53 52 41 44 31
  D12 Patent Ductus Arteriosis 10,484 971 977 815 829 624 600 727 732 4,209 600 990 764 1,012 843
  D13 Coarctation of Aorta 1,094 80 95 86 88 56 66 74 95 454 92 99 77 99 87
  D14 Pulmonary Artery Anomalies 2,376 303 313 256 257 230 204 128 46 639 43 64 143 222 167
  D15 Interrupted Aortic Arch 97 6 12 4 12 11 11 8 14 19 8 7 4 - -
  D16 Total Anomalous Pulmonary
Venous Return (or connection)
167 24 22 8 17 14 17 11 19 35 16 14 5 - -
  D17 Double Outlet Right Ventricle 312 31 30 30 27 28 39 25 32 70 26 33 11 - -
  D18 Common Ventricel 218 22 23 18 25 13 29 13 28 47 19 19 9 - -
  D99 Other Heart &
Circulatory System
Anomalies
11,414 1,020 1,178 992 931 786 758 706 796 4,247 808 991 840 851 757
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
E Respiratory System (All) 8,281 748 1,048 872 491 404 474 479 597 3,168 591 724 639 666 548
  E01 Lung Agenesis/
Hypoplasia
841 96 76 63 75 87 109 74 64 197 62 101 25 5 4
  E02 Choanal Atresia 274 24 18 16 18 22 23 20 26 107 30 23 20 22 12
  E99 Other Respiratory
System Anomalies
7,468 653 978 814 424 320 368 405 535 2,971 528 644 606 650 543
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
F Cleft Palate & Cleft Lip 2,509 205 228 205 186 214 170 174 172 955 182 203 224 171 175
  F01 Cleft Palate 923 79 84 84 69 89 54 49 54 361 78 79 85 57 62
  F02 Cleft Lip w & w/o Cleft Palate 1,586 126 144 121 117 125 116 125 118 594 104 124 139 114 113

Table 14
Birth Defects by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2005-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
(Continued)

Birth Defects

Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
G Upper Alimentary Caanal/
Digestive System (All)
7,845 682 814 717 687 615 522 522 557 2,729 573 590 476 613 477
  G01 Esophageal Atresia/
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
371 43 35 40 29 14 29 29 26 126 32 28 21 19 26
  G02 Rectal & Large Intestinal
Atresia/Stenosis
712 62 75 55 54 46 59 59 50 252 68 52 40 52 40
  G03 Pyloric Stenosis 2,475 195 234 208 239 217 156 156 179 891 144 189 169 219 170
  G04 Hirshsprung's Disease
(congenital megacolon)
560 36 38 34 36 24 49 44 37 262 40 36 51 76 59
  G05 Biliary Atresia 178 12 13 11 14 14 12 18 16 68 12 8 13 20 15
  G99 Other Upper
Alimentary Canal
/Digestive System Anomalies
4,221 388 463 411 362 334 261 275 308 1,419 332 341 239 285 222
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
H Genital & Urinary Systems 22,419 2,009 2,017 1,815 1,535 1,244 1,223 1,595 1,651 9,330 1,838 2,132 1,775 1,927 1,658
  H01 Renal Agenesis/
Hypoplasia
898 72 63 82 84 52 58 55 64 368 87 89 56 78 58
  H02 Bladder Exstrophy &
Cloacal Exstrophy
37 6 4 1 3 3 2 1 - 17 5 3 4 3 2
  H03 Obstructive Genitourinary
Defects
4,312 330 308 291 280 206 204 275 320 2,098 309 441 419 483 446
  H04 Hypospadias 5,184 469 327 362 426 343 363 441 357 2,096 398 480 402 454 362
  H05 Epispadias 99 13 11 6 11 10 4 5 10 29 13 8 8 - -
  H99 Other Genital
& Urinary System
Anomalies
15,252 1,435 1,550 1,343 973 823 796 1,055 1,169 6,108 1,282 1,442 1,133 1,220 1,031

Table 14
Birth Defects by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2005-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
(Continued)

Birth Defects

Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
I Musculoskeletal System (All) 28,749 2,301 2,502 2,344 1,721 1,440 1,805 1,983 2,448 12,205 2,783 2,931 2,220 2,373 1,898
  I01 Upper Limb Reduction
Deformities
389 28 28 38 38 29 34 32 28 134 29 32 19 32 22
  I02 Lower Limb Reduction
Deformities
351 37 35 25 21 32 22 32 35 112 24 30 14 22 22
  I03a Exomphalos/
Omphalocele
--- --- --- --- --- --- 23 21 27 130 17 15 21 31 46
  I03b Gastroschisis --- --- --- --- --- --- 63 55 44 229 43 53 41 56 36
  I03c Prune Belly Syndrome,
Congenital Hernia of Bladder
619 82 95 85 72 59 31 20 30 145 49 34 12 23 27
  I04 Congenital Hip Dislocation 1,550 127 167 108 155 142 126 143 125 457 103 90 93 95 76
  I05 Diaphragmatic Hernia 497 36 52 42 38 45 41 40 27 176 29 47 34 41 25
  I99 Other Musculoskeletal
System
26,364 2,110 2,277 2,171 1,536 1,247 1,600 1,781 2,261 11,381 2,613 2,750 2,093 2,197 1,728
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
J Integument (All) 15,379 630 1,274 499 1,353 1,204 876 1,076 822 7,645 1,625 2,274 1,326 1,364 1,056
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
K Chromosomal Anomalies 3,931 316 324 288 315 296 300 281 316 1,495 305 300 281 314 295
  K01 Trisomy 13 122 17 8 10 10 9 7 12 10 39 8 10 6 6 9
  K02 Down Syndrome 1,987 176 183 147 159 141 175 141 159 706 142 144 123 136 161
  K03 Trisomy 18 211 16 19 15 23 18 11 17 15 77 15 16 25 11 10
  K04 Chromosome 22q11.2
Deletion Syndrome
--- --- --- 7 8 6 5 6 8 12 7 4 1 - -
  K05 Turner Syndrome 53 9 15 6 6 3 4 4 1 5 2 3 - - -
  K99 Other Chromosomal
Anomalies
1,739 120 110 125 125 140 116 134 150 719 154 139 133 167 126
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
L Other and Unspecified
Birth Defects
20,201 622 490 392 260 205 1,926 1,916 2,149 12,241 2,218 2,614 2,291 2,379 2,739
   

Table 14
Birth Defects by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2005-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
(Continued)

Other Reportable Conditions

Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
M Infectious Conditions
Occurring in the Perinatal
Period
783 44 51 32 85 68 46 53 76 328 72 88 62 60 46
  M01 Syphilis 205 14 13 5 28 26 9 8 14 88 20 30 14 15 9
  M02 Other Infections 581 30 38 27 57 43 37 45 63 241 52 58 49 45 37
  M03 Zika Virus Disease - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
N Familial/Congenital
Neoplasms
198 19 19 20 20 5 10 15 15 75 15 13 20 11 16
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
O Endocrine/Metabolic
Disorders
8,993 576 603 500 604 471 566 561 763 4,349 812 934 829 996 778
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
P Diseases of the Blood
& Blood Forming Organs
4,873 328 310 262 310 252 337 375 380 2,319 444 517 489 497 372
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
Q Other Diseases of the
Central and Peripheral
Nervous System
5,458 434 438 392 379 349 337 424 425 2,280 441 543 455 499 342
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
R Other Diseases of the Eye 9,105 851 848 838 787 623 599 668 649 3,242 745 757 674 632 434
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
S Hearing Deficiency 10,432 562 535 463 521 455 612 977 1,021 5,286 1,133 1,196 803 1,247 907
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
T Other Diseases of the
Heart & Circulatory System
6,381 433 515 461 483 421 429 437 609 2,593 558 565 496 534 440

Table 14
Birth Defects by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2005-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
(Continued)

Other Reportable Conditions

Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
U Other Diseases of the
Gastrointestinal System
8,074 782 702 674 672 486 569 552 634 3,003 654 722 611 561 455
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
V Other Diseases of the
Genital and Urinary Systems
1,336 62 59 39 37 53 58 62 68 898 89 128 173 252 256
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
X Other Musculoskeletal
System Diseases
37 1 3 3 1 4 4 5 4 12 6 4 1 1 -
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
Y Maternal Exposures
Affecting Fetus
6,904 313 317 205 314 266 310 450 488 4,241 538 884 675 1,149 995
  Y01 Newborn Affected by
Maternal use of Alcohol
172 22 23 13 6 6 13 16 12 61 16 22 8 11 4
  Y02 Fetal Alcohol Syndrome --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- - -
  Y99 Other Maternal Exposures
Affecting the Fetus
6,779 293 298 197 310 261 301 437 481 4,201 525 871 672 1,141 992
Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
One or More
Reportable Diagnosis 
150,531 11,158 11,747 9,938 9,705 8,040 9,694 10,730 11,528 67,991 13,258 15,451 12,594 14,052 12,636
   

Notes:
Frequencies include all children reported with a birth defect who were born in Michigan and whose mother was a resident at the time of birth. This enables the calculation of birth defect prevalence rates. Birth defect statistics sometimes reflect trends related to data reporting or new testing. See Data Quality Considerations for further details.
Columns do not add to summary group totals, nor column totals, due to cases with multiple diagnosed conditions that cross diagnostic groupings
Conditions are reportable if identified within the first two years of a child's life. The prevalence frequencies in this table represent cases diagnosed within the first year of life.
Prior to October 2015, diagnoses were coded using the 9th revision to the International Classification of Diseases - ICD–9–CM.  (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD–9–CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.) After October 2015, the Birth Defect registry coded diagnoses using ICD–10–CM. (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD–10–CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.) Diagnostic Code Groupings used in analysis of birth defects are defined by the Centers for Disease Control.
Source: Michigan Birth Defects Registry, Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services
Reports Processed through May 28, 2020

Last Updated on August 17, 2020