Table 19
Infant Deaths of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Summary Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Three-year Infant Mortality Totals

Birth Defects

  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
A
Central Nervous System
Birth Defects
168 197 206 210 200 181 170 151 144 116 109 117 134 148 138 122
B
Eye Birth Defects 32 34 36 29 28 22 22 18 17 13 17 17 22 23 28 27
C
Ear, Face & Neck Birth Defects 26 28 29 34 27 24 21 25 24 17 16 10 12 18 30 36
D
Heart & Circulatory System
Birth Defects
572 622 604 610 549 527 522 525 490 410 375 398 437 436 422 384
E
Respiratory System
Birth Defects
217 226 244 240 219 201 175 140 122 104 109 110 141 143 142 104
F
Cleft Palate and Cleft Lip 34 46 55 51 46 39 38 39 32 28 23 22 21 21 28 29
G
Birth Defects of the Upper
Alimentary Canal/ Digestive System
97 108 114 110 100 86 86 82 72 60 54 61 61 63 50 48
H
Genital & Urinary Systems
Birth Defects
175 201 212 198 166 157 165 175 152 130 111 114 125 131 135 111
I
Musculoskeletal System
Birth Defects
194 206 214 228 208 191 176 157 153 129 131 123 148 156 172 157
J
Integument Birth Defects 21 20 16 15 19 18 17 16 17 17 12 16 20 30 34 33
K
Chromosomal Anomalies 149 153 155 167 135 118 108 119 117 104 92 99 106 117 112 101
L
Other and Unspecified
Birth Defects
186 203 222 207 176 137 127 106 143 198 282 324 322 268 202 208

Table 19
Infant Deaths of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Summary Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Three-year Infant Mortality Totals
(Continued)

Other Reportable Conditions

  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
M
Infectious Conditions
Occurring in the Perinatal
Period
21 25 26 17 13 11 11 16 15 16 10 12 13 11 13 8
N
Familial/Congenital
Neoplasms
2 1 - - - 1 1 1 - - - - - - - -
O
Endocrine/Metabolic
Disorders
83 87 79 65 67 59 68 58 66 63 79 87 118 121 133 114
P
Diseases of the Blood
& Blood Forming Organs
45 42 37 46 52 53 49 48 59 57 52 52 63 66 60 55
Q
Other Diseases of the
Central and Peripheral
Nervous System
32 32 30 31 31 38 33 32 23 23 23 28 29 36 41 49
R
Other Diseases of the Eye 67 74 69 68 60 58 64 55 38 16 14 17 18 19 14 13
S
Hearing Deficiency 15 24 25 23 15 14 13 13 11 10 9 8 12 17 18 18
T
Other Diseases of the
Heart & Circulatory System
119 99 103 99 111 114 112 104 87 85 83 100 107 104 94 78
U
Other Diseases of the
Gastrointestinal System
94 105 100 93 81 74 77 84 94 81 68 71 81 88 80 68
V
Other Diseases of the
Genital and Urinary Systems
1 2 3 3 2 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 10 10
X
Other Musculoskeletal
System Diseases
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Y
Maternal Exposures
Affecting Fetus
33 30 25 23 26 23 30 24 25 22 27 37 40 36 34 32
One or More
Reportable Diagnosis
1,270 1,300 1,280 1,273 1,194 1,114 1,059 1,033 986 903 845 919 977 969 877 799

Notes:
Frequencies include all children reported with a birth defect who were born in Michigan and whose mother was a resident at the time of birth. This enables the calculation of birth defects mortality rates. Birth defect statistics sometimes reflect trends related to data reporting or new testing. See Data Quality Considerations for further details. Columns do not add to diagnostic group totals nor column totals due to cases with multiple diagnosed conditions that cross diagnostic groupings.
Conditions are reportable if identified within the first two years of a child's life. The mortality data in this table represent cases diagnosed within the first year of life.
Prior to October 2015, diagnoses were coded using the 9th revision to the International Classification of Diseases - ICD–9–CM.  (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD–9–CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.) After October 2015, the Birth Defect registry coded diagnoses using ICD–10–CM. (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD–10–CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.) Diagnostic Code Groupings used in analysis of birth defects are defined by the Centers for Disease Control.
Source: Michigan Birth Defects Registry, Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services
Reports Processed through May 28, 2020

Last Updated on August 17, 2020