Table 21
Mortality Rates of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Summary Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Moving Three-year Mortality Rates

Birth Defects

  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
A
Central Nervous System
Birth Defects
108.2 125.5 127.5 127.7 117.0 109.2 105.9 101.9 102.3 85.7 79.0 79.0 81.3 82.7 68.5 63.3
B
Eye Birth Defects 27.7 29.3 31.0 25.4 26.0 21.7 22.8 19.1 18.5 14.1 18.0 14.9 16.4 15.6 20.2 23.2
C
Ear, Face & Neck Birth Defects 37.0 40.1 43.6 49.8 40.3 36.6 34.4 43.4 42.2 31.3 27.8 15.6 15.3 18.1 23.5 26.2
D
Heart & Circulatory System
Birth Defects
79.2 83.2 78.2 76.3 66.0 64.9 66.9 74.9 75.6 67.2 59.5 60.6 60.4 60.3 54.6 52.1
E
Respiratory System
Birth Defects
122.5 113.5 118.4 109.6 88.4 75.3 72.6 79.2 89.1 76.6 70.3 66.0 73.7 73.2 70.0 56.1
F
Cleft Palate and Cleft Lip 53.5 69.9 87.6 81.5 73.0 61.1 61.4 64.5 56.1 50.2 44.6 41.7 37.7 34.5 46.8 50.9
G
Birth Defects of the Upper
Alimentary Canal/ Digestive System
41.2 47.9 53.6 54.1 45.8 38.9 38.8 40.6 39.5 36.2 33.7 36.9 35.5 38.4 29.8 30.7
H
Genital & Urinary Systems
Birth Defects
29.9 35.6 37.7 34.4 28.1 26.9 30.7 38.1 38.0 32.0 24.8 22.4 22.2 22.8 23.1 20.7
I
Musculoskeletal System
Birth Defects
29.0 30.6 33.0 35.3 30.5 26.7 26.8 28.5 30.8 24.7 21.0 17.1 18.1 19.7 22.9 24.2
J
Integument Birth Defects 23.6 22.6 15.3 10.9 8.0 7.5 5.4 5.2 5.0 5.4 4.3 4.5 4.2 5.7 6.8 8.8
K
Chromosomal Anomalies 171.3 171.7 173.2 181.3 143.9 127.2 116.5 132.4 128.4 118.6 102.6 109.8 115.1 132.1 125.1 113.5
L
Other and Unspecified
Birth Defects
90.7 95.0 109.5 103.8 99.7 91.1 111.2 123.7 59.8 48.9 47.1 51.6 46.1 37.6 27.7 28.1

Table 21
Mortality Rates of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Summary Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Moving Three-year Mortality Rates
(Continued)

Other Reportable Conditions

  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
M
Infectious Conditions
Occurring in the Perinatal
Period
97.7 117.4 148.6 114.1 100.8 86.6 65.5 86.5 75.4 95.8 57.1 59.7 55.1 49.5 61.9 47.6
N
Familial/Congenital
Neoplasms
* * - - - * * * - - - - - - - -
O
Endocrine/Metabolic
Disorders
51.7 55.2 52.1 42.0 40.8 35.1 39.8 36.8 40.2 39.4 41.8 40.7 47.0 47.0 48.2 43.8
P
Diseases of the Blood
& Blood Forming Organs
60.3 54.7 47.0 54.2 58.4 58.9 55.6 58.3 65.6 59.1 47.6 43.4 47.0 45.5 39.9 40.5
Q
Other Diseases of the
Central and Peripheral
Nervous System
28.2 28.5 26.0 25.7 24.3 30.1 27.3 28.6 21.6 20.7 19.4 21.7 20.6 25.0 27.4 37.8
R
Other Diseases of the Eye 30.3 33.3 30.3 28.6 24.2 22.9 25.9 24.5 18.9 8.5 7.3 8.2 8.4 8.7 6.8 7.5
S
Hearing Deficiency 9.2 13.9 15.6 15.1 9.7 9.0 8.6 9.0 6.9 4.9 3.4 2.6 3.6 5.4 5.5 6.1
T
Other Diseases of the
Heart & Circulatory System
81.8 72.4 79.9 79.3 84.0 80.9 76.8 76.2 65.3 66.0 56.3 62.3 61.8 64.2 58.9 53.1
U
Other Diseases of the
Gastrointestinal System
37.5 43.3 43.6 40.5 36.3 34.3 37.6 45.9 54.4 50.4 38.7 38.6 40.3 44.3 42.2 41.8
V
Other Diseases of the
Genital and Urinary Systems
* * * * * * * * * * * * * 15.4 18.1 14.7
X
Other Musculoskeletal
System Diseases
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Y
Maternal Exposures
Affecting Fetus
31.4 33.9 33.3 29.6 29.6 27.5 35.9 30.6 28.1 21.4 21.6 25.1 20.9 17.2 12.6 11.4
One or More
Reportable Diagnosis
40.6 42.1 42.5 41.1 36.4 33.9 33.7 37.3 35.9 31.7 26.4 25.9 24.3 23.5 20.8 20.3

Notes:
Rates are Per 1,000 Michigan Born Resident Live Births. Rates represent the infant mortality rate for children with a diagnosed birth defect. The rates include all deaths within the first year of life to children reported with a birth defect who were born in Michigan and whose mother was a resident at the time of birth. Birth defect statistics sometimes reflect trends related to data reporting or new testing. See Data Quality Considerations for further details.
*: Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision.
Conditions are reportable if identified within the first two years of a child's life. The mortality data in this table represent cases diagnosed within the first year of life.
Prior to October 2015, diagnoses were coded using the 9th revision to the International Classification of Diseases - ICD–9–CM.  (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD–9–CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.) After October 2015, the Birth Defect registry coded diagnoses using ICD–10–CM. (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD–10–CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.) Diagnostic Code Groupings used in analysis of birth defects are defined by the Centers for Disease Control.
Source: Michigan Birth Defects Registry, Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services
Reports Processed through May 28, 2020

Last Updated on August 17, 2020