Table 20
Infant Deaths of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Three-year Infant Mortality Totals

Birth Defects

  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
A Central Nervous System (All) 168 197 206 210 200 181 170 151 144 116 109 117 134 148 138 122
  A01 Anencephalus 42 36 47 43 41 30 34 35 37 31 28 34 34 33 25 21
  A02 Spina Bifida w/o Anencephaly 10 13 11 15 14 12 9 7 8 7 5 3 3 3 1 1
  A03 Hydrocephalus w/o Spina Bifida 52 64 60 65 64 57 49 43 40 29 26 28 32 34 35 37
  A04 Encephalocele 6 7 8 13 12 11 7 5 3 2 3 3 2 2 5 5
  A05 Microcephalus 24 34 38 31 29 31 28 25 20 21 16 15 18 27 33 29
  A06 Holoprosencephaly --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
  A99 Other CNS Anomalies 45 60 59 62 50 50 44 37 34 31 38 39 46 54 62 62
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
B Eye (All) 32 34 36 29 28 22 22 18 17 13 17 17 22 23 28 27
  B01 Anopthalmos
/Micropthalmos
12 10 9 7 8 8 8 7 4 3 4 5 6 8 11 9
  B02 Congenital Cataract 4 6 4 4 3 5 5 4 3 2 3 2 1 - 3 5
  B03 Aniridia - - - 1 1 1 - - - - - 1 1 1 - 1
  B99 Other Eye Anomalies 19 21 25 22 23 15 15 11 12 8 11 10 16 16 18 15
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
C Ear, Face and Neck (All) 26 28 29 34 27 24 21 25 24 17 16 10 12 18 30 36
  C01 Anotia/Microtia 2 3 3 3 1 1 3 3 4 3 3 1 - 3 7 8
  C99 Other Ear, Face &
Neck Anomalies
25 28 28 33 26 24 20 24 22 15 14 9 12 16 26 32

Table 20
Infant Deaths of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Three-year Infant Mortality Totals
(Continued)

Birth Defects

  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
D Heart & Circulatory System (All) 572 622 604 610 549 527 522 525 490 410 375 398 437 436 422 384
  D01 Common Truncus 7 8 6 7 6 7 12 10 12 8 10 7 7 10 12 11
  D02 Transposition of Great
Vessels
11 13 22 22 24 17 16 16 19 18 17 14 17 21 24 22
  D03 Tetralogy of Fallot 24 18 20 21 18 15 21 26 24 19 17 19 20 20 19 14
  D04 Ventricular Septal Defect 103 105 116 110 98 83 103 97 93 61 59 51 66 84 103 103
  D05 Atrial Septal Defect 154 185 185 195 172 180 202 204 185 143 138 145 180 201 224 212
  D06 Atrioventricular Septal Defect (Endocardial Cushion Defect) 25 28 30 38 32 30 26 30 26 21 14 15 21 22 15 5
  D07 Pulmonary Valve
Atresi& Stenosis
31 31 25 28 26 26 33 29 28 16 21 21 21 20 19 20
  D08 Tricuspid Valve
Atresi& Stenosis
11 7 5 3 3 4 9 8 7 4 3 4 3 6 6 7
  D09 Ebstein's Anomaly 21 13 8 3 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 6 4 2 2
  D10 Aortic Valve Stenosis 7 6 4 8 11 10 11 9 8 7 10 9 7 3 6 6
  D11 Hypoplastic Left Heart
Syndrome
60 58 46 47 51 58 56 64 56 53 40 55 52 53 41 36
  D12 Patent Ductus Arteriosis 204 244 255 293 261 263 267 244 210 162 160 159 191 198 229 196
  D13 Coarctation of Aorta 23 24 30 33 40 42 38 29 20 24 25 28 32 32 32 23
  D14 Pulmonary Artery Anomalies 49 49 41 45 32 37 41 53 48 32 16 9 7 15 27 38
  D15 Interrupted Aortic Arch 14 13 15 8 9 5 9 10 10 8 5 5 4 3 2 1
  D16 Total Anomalous Pulmonary
Venous Return (or connection)
10 9 7 6 7 8 10 10 10 6 7 9 9 6 2 1
  D17 Double Outlet Right Ventricle 19 17 14 13 15 22 20 16 14 12 13 7 9 7 6 2
  D18 Common Ventricel 8 14 12 9 6 6 14 13 14 7 6 7 5 5 2 2
  D99 Other Heart &
Circulatory System
Anomalies
297 327 316 303 274 247 252 270 282 257 236 251 260 254 218 192
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
E Respiratory System (All) 217 226 244 240 219 201 175 140 122 104 109 110 141 143 142 104
  E01 Lung Agenesis/
Hypoplasia
136 137 142 149 121 104 80 67 71 67 70 63 89 87 65 18
  E02 Choanal Atresia 4 3 1 1 2 3 4 4 6 5 7 7 8 7 8 6
  E99 Other Respiratory
System Anomalies
84 96 115 104 105 100 97 75 51 35 34 42 48 53 72 80
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
F Cleft Palate & Cleft Lip 34 46 55 51 46 39 38 39 32 28 23 22 21 21 28 29
  F01 Cleft Palate 15 19 21 15 11 9 12 18 17 13 6 4 6 7 9 7
  F02 Cleft Lip w & w/o Cleft Palate 19 27 34 36 35 30 26 21 15 15 17 18 15 14 19 22

Table 20
Infant Deaths of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Three-year Infant Mortality Totals
(Continued)

Birth Defects

  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
G Upper Alimentary Caanal/
Digestive System (All)
97 108 114 110 100 86 86 82 72 60 54 61 61 63 50 48
  G01 Esophageal Atresia/
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
14 18 20 20 15 13 12 13 8 7 8 13 13 13 10 12
  G02 Rectal & Large Intestinal
Atresia/Stenosis
9 12 18 22 21 15 12 10 8 7 11 14 16 13 10 7
  G03 Pyloric Stenosis 8 6 5 5 3 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 - 1 1
  G04 Hirshsprung's Disease
(congenital megacolon)
6 6 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 3 4 3 2 2 5
  G05 Biliary Atresia 4 3 3 2 3 3 3 5 4 3 - 2 2 3 2 3
  G99 Other Upper
Alimentary Canal
/Digestive System Anomalies
67 76 84 79 73 61 64 59 57 45 37 35 37 43 33 27
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
H Genital & Urinary Systems 175 201 212 198 166 157 165 175 152 130 111 114 125 131 135 111
  H01 Renal Agenesis/
Hypoplasia
47 51 55 47 35 38 44 50 42 31 28 30 34 29 26 20
  H02 Bladder Exstrophy &
Cloacal Exstrophy
- - - 2 2 2 - 1 2 2 1 - - - - -
  H03 Obstructive Genitourinary
Defects
26 34 45 43 36 30 33 37 34 27 21 24 27 34 40 40
  H04 Hypospadias 21 22 25 24 21 17 17 18 12 7 7 6 12 15 17 13
  H05 Epispadias - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
  H99 Other Genital
& Urinary System
Anomalies
118 135 140 130 113 106 105 106 90 85 73 69 74 84 91 74

Table 20
Infant Deaths of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Three-year Infant Mortality Totals
(Continued)

Birth Defects

  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
I Musculoskeletal System (All) 194 206 214 228 208 191 176 157 153 129 131 123 148 156 172 157
  I01 Upper Limb Reduction
Deformities
5 6 8 9 9 6 7 4 4 5 6 5 2 2 6 6
  I02 Lower Limb Reduction
Deformities
4 3 5 5 7 4 2 2 2 3 4 6 7 5 5 4
  I03a Exomphalos/
Omphalocele
--- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- 14 12 13 7 13 12
  I03b Gastroschisis --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- 10 7 9 11 13 7
  I03c Prune Belly Syndrome,
Congenital Hernia of Bladder
18 25 23 30 26 28 22 21 19 17 15 14 14 9 5 1
  I04 Congenital Hip Dislocation 5 3 2 3 3 3 1 1 2 2 2 - 2 5 6 8
  I05 Diaphragmatic Hernia 34 41 41 39 29 28 30 31 31 27 28 31 39 40 41 31
  I99 Other Musculoskeletal
System
143 144 160 167 161 141 128 111 103 83 77 71 86 102 115 119
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
J Integument (All) 21 20 16 15 19 18 17 16 17 17 12 16 20 30 34 33
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
K Chromosomal Anomalies 149 153 155 167 135 118 108 119 117 104 92 99 106 117 112 101
  K01 Trisomy 13 28 25 28 34 27 22 17 20 19 19 21 24 24 20 17 16
  K02 Down Syndrome 47 49 45 46 35 31 32 36 32 22 14 21 28 33 26 22
  K03 Trisomy 18 39 47 41 40 35 32 36 36 36 34 29 31 28 39 37 33
  K04 Chromosome 22q11.2
Deletion Syndrome
--- --- --- --- --- --- --- 2 2 - 2 3 3 1 - -
  K05 Turner Syndrome 1 - 1 2 3 2 1 - - - - - - - - -
  K99 Other Chromosomal
Anomalies
48 53 57 64 44 41 25 32 36 45 43 41 37 34 35 32
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
L Other and Unspecified
Birth Defects
186 203 222 207 176 137 127 106 143 198 282 324 322 268 202 208

Table 20
Infant Deaths of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Three-year Infant Mortality Totals
(Continued)

Other Reportable Conditions

  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
M Infectious Conditions
Occurring in the Perinatal
Period
21 25 26 17 13 11 11 16 15 16 10 12 13 11 13 8
  M01 Syphilis 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 - - - - - -
  M02 Other Infections 20 23 24 15 12 10 10 14 13 15 10 12 13 11 13 8
  M03 Zika Virus Disease - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
N Familial/Congenital
Neoplasms
2 1 - - - 1 1 1 - - - - - - - -
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
O Endocrine/Metabolic
Disorders
83 87 79 65 67 59 68 58 66 63 79 87 118 121 133 114
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
P Diseases of the Blood
& Blood Forming Organs
45 42 37 46 52 53 49 48 59 57 52 52 63 66 60 55
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
Q Other Diseases of the
Central and Peripheral
Nervous System
32 32 30 31 31 38 33 32 23 23 23 28 29 36 41 49
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
R Other Diseases of the Eye 67 74 69 68 60 58 64 55 38 16 14 17 18 19 14 13
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
S Hearing Deficiency 15 24 25 23 15 14 13 13 11 10 9 8 12 17 18 18
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
T Other Diseases of the
Heart & Circulatory System
119 99 103 99 111 114 112 104 87 85 83 100 107 104 94 78

Table 20
Infant Deaths of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Three-year Infant Mortality Totals
(Continued)

Other Reportable Conditions

  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
U Other Diseases of the
Gastrointestinal System
94 105 100 93 81 74 77 84 94 81 68 71 81 88 80 68
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
V Other Diseases of the
Genital and Urinary Systems
1 2 3 3 2 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 10 10
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
X Other Musculoskeletal
System Diseases
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
Y Maternal Exposures
Affecting Fetus
33 30 25 23 26 23 30 24 25 22 27 37 40 36 34 32
  Y01 Newborn Affected by
Maternal use of Alcohol
1 2 3 2 1 - - - - - - 1 1 2 2 2
  Y02 Fetal Alcohol Syndrome --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
  Y99 Other Maternal Exposures
Affecting the Fetus
32 28 22 21 25 23 30 24 25 22 27 36 39 35 33 31
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
One or More
Reportable Diagnosis 
1,270 1,300 1,280 1,273 1,194 1,114 1,059 1,033 986 903 845 919 977 969 877 799

Notes:
Frequencies include all children reported with a birth defect who were born in Michigan and whose mother was a resident at the time of birth. This enables the calculation of birth defects prevalence rates. Birth defect statistics sometimes reflect trends related to data reporting or new testing. See Data Quality Considerations for further details.
Columns do not add to diagnostic group totals nor column totals due to cases with multiple diagnosed conditions that cross diagnostic groupings.
Conditions are reportable if identified within the first two years of a child's life. The prevalence frequencies in this table represent cases diagnosed within the first year of life.
Prior to October 2015, diagnoses were coded using the 9th revision to the International Classification of Diseases - ICD–9–CM.  (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD–9–CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.) After October 2015, the Birth Defect registry coded diagnoses using ICD–10–CM. (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD–10–CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.) Diagnostic Code Groupings used in analysis of birth defects are defined by the Centers for Disease Control.
Source: Michigan Birth Defects Registry, Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services
Reports Processed through May 28, 2020

Last Updated on August 17, 2020