Birth Defects Cases by Leading Diagnostic Groups and by Birth Year Interval, Michigan

Table 3
Birth Defects Cases by Leading Diagnostic Groups and by Birth Year Interval
Michigan Resident Children 1997 through 2017
Three Year Moving Total Prevalence

Diagnostic Code GroupBirth Year Interval
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
2012
to
2014
2013
to
2015
2014
to
2016
2015
to
2017
Heart & Circulatory System 8,307  8,485  8,722  9,070  8,916  8,626  7,808  7,239  6,806  7,057  7,400  8,086  8,002  8,441  8,006  
Congenital Anomalies 7,477  7,723  7,995  8,318  8,120  7,807  7,012  6,485  6,099  6,303  6,573  7,233  7,229  7,724  7,369  
Other Conditions 1,367  1,289  1,249  1,321  1,409  1,459  1,365  1,333  1,287  1,475  1,604  1,732  1,619  1,595  1,470  
Musculoskeletal System 6,751  6,490  6,475  6,818  7,152  6,572  5,510  4,971  5,236  6,244  7,224  8,171  7,943  7,529  6,493  
Congenital Anomalies 6,740  6,481  6,468  6,815  7,147  6,567  5,505  4,966  5,228  6,236  7,214  8,162  7,934  7,524  6,491  
Other Conditions 13  11  9  5  7  7  8  9  13  13  15  14  11  6  2  
Genital & Urinary Systems 5,700  5,679  5,810  5,968  5,905  5,413  4,629  4,036  4,107  4,527  5,153  5,700  5,857  6,008  5,613  
Congenital Anomalies 5,653  5,630  5,750  5,905  5,841  5,367  4,594  4,002  4,062  4,469  5,084  5,621  5,745  5,834  5,360  
Other Conditions 149  158  172  178  160  135  129  148  173  188  219  285  390  553  681  
Gastrointestinal System 4,455  4,186  4,105  4,165  4,110  3,993  3,606  3,325  3,067  3,146  3,252  3,467  3,390  3,382  3,036  
Congenital Anomalies 2,257  2,125  2,035  2,184  2,213  2,218  2,019  1,824  1,659  1,601  1,652  1,720  1,639  1,679  1,566  
Other Conditions 2,427  2,292  2,294  2,233  2,158  2,048  1,832  1,727  1,607  1,755  1,840  2,010  1,987  1,894  1,627  
Eye 3,155  3,198  3,282  3,328  3,318  3,204  2,947  2,690  2,563  2,612  2,898  3,180  3,341  3,179  2,665  
Congenital Anomalies 1,161  1,160  1,142  1,075  1,014  964  943  917  924  946  1,144  1,338  1,477  1,387  1,166  
Other Conditions 2,220  2,279  2,379  2,482  2,537  2,473  2,248  2,009  1,890  1,916  2,062  2,151  2,176  2,063  1,740  
Central Nervous System 2,381  2,438  2,501  2,588  2,535  2,463  2,290  2,200  2,169  2,262  2,436  2,714  2,862  3,117  2,872  
Congenital Anomalies 1,570  1,616  1,644  1,709  1,658  1,605  1,482  1,407  1,354  1,380  1,481  1,649  1,790  2,015  1,927  
Other Conditions 1,121  1,155  1,208  1,275  1,264  1,209  1,120  1,065  1,110  1,186  1,290  1,409  1,439  1,497  1,296  
Maternal Exposures 884  750  778  877  835  836  785  890  1,026  1,248  1,476  1,910  2,097  2,708  2,819  
Integument Anomalies 886  1,047  1,381  2,364  2,403  3,126  3,056  3,433  3,156  2,774  3,523  4,721  5,225  4,964  3,746  
Respiratory
System Anomalies
1,992  2,060  2,190  2,477  2,668  2,411  1,767  1,369  1,357  1,550  1,667  1,912  1,954  2,029  1,853  
Other
Reportable Conditions
6,319  6,020  6,065  5,876  5,627  5,099  4,646  6,321  8,327  10,807  11,736  12,919  13,235  13,820  13,730  
One or More
Reportable Conditions
30,896  30,139  30,955  32,820  32,843  31,390  27,683  27,439  28,464  31,952  35,516  40,237  41,303  42,097  39,282  
  
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Notes:
Frequencies include all children reported with a birth defect who were born in Michigan and whose mother was a resident of Michigan at the time of birth. This enables the calculation of birth defects prevalence rates. Prior to October 2015, diagnoses were coded using the 9th revision to the International Classification of Diseases - ICD–9–CM.  (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD–9–CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.) After October 2015, the Birth Defect registry coded diagnoses using ICD–10–CM. (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD–10–CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.) Diagnostic Code Groupings used in analysis of birth defects are defined by the Centers for Disease Control.
Conditions are reportable if identified within the first two years of a child's life. The frequencies at one year and at two years serve to indicate the time from the birth of the child to the diagnosis of the condition. Birth defect statistics sometimes reflect trends related to data reporting or new testing. See Data Quality Considerations for further details.
Source: Michigan Birth Defects Registry, Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services
Reports Processed through May 28, 2020

Last Updated on August 17, 2020