Table 24
Infant Deaths of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 1994-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Six-year Infant Mortality Totals

Birth Defects

  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
A Central Nervous System (All) 332 311 326 345 358 374 378 397 387 380 351 325 286 260 261 250 257 255 256
  A01 Anencephalus 66 72 66 76 80 86 85 77 77 77 76 67 65 63 71 65 61 59 55
  A02 Spina Bifida w/o Anencephaly 34 30 32 30 28 27 25 27 23 24 21 20 16 12 11 10 8 4 4
  A03 Hydrocephalus w/o Spina Bifida 100 91 99 103 110 112 117 128 117 114 107 97 78 69 68 61 60 63 69
  A04 Encephalocele 20 17 17 15 17 15 19 19 19 20 17 14 9 8 6 4 5 8 7
  A05 Microcephalus 50 41 41 51 53 58 55 63 69 59 54 51 49 41 35 39 43 48 47
  A06 Holoprosencephaly --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
  A99 Other CNS Anomalies 77 74 83 85 97 104 107 110 109 106 87 84 75 75 73 77 92 101 108
  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
B Eye (All) 50 45 45 55 55 60 61 62 58 51 46 39 35 35 34 35 40 45 49
  B01 Anopthalmos
/Micropthalmos
12 12 14 18 18 18 19 18 17 15 15 12 11 11 9 9 12 16 15
  B02 Congenital Cataract 5 4 5 5 7 7 8 9 9 9 7 8 7 7 5 3 3 5 6
  B03 Aniridia - - - - - - 1 1 1 1 1 1 - - 1 1 1 1 2
  B99 Other Eye Anomalies 35 31 31 35 33 40 41 44 40 37 34 27 23 22 22 24 27 28 31
  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
C Ear, Face and Neck (All) 53 49 53 57 51 51 60 55 53 55 52 48 38 41 34 29 34 40 48
  C01 Anotia/Microtia 1 2 3 3 5 5 5 4 4 6 4 5 6 6 5 3 6 8 8
  C99 Other Ear, Face &
Neck Anomalies
52 47 51 55 49 49 58 54 52 53 50 46 35 38 31 27 30 35 44

Table 24
Infant Deaths of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 1994-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Six-year Infant Mortality Totals
(Continued)

Birth Defects

  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
D Heart & Circulatory System (All) 1,149 1,130 1,137 1,146 1,172 1,171 1,182 1,171 1,131 1,132 1,074 1,017 932 900 888 847 811 820 821
  D01 Common Truncus 18 15 18 17 14 14 14 14 13 19 16 19 20 20 19 15 20 19 18
  D02 Transposition of Great
Vessels
37 36 33 36 31 33 33 37 39 38 40 36 34 33 33 35 38 38 39
  D03 Tetralogy of Fallot 59 58 54 51 53 50 45 36 35 42 44 39 40 43 43 39 37 38 34
  D04 Ventricular Septal Defect 213 215 212 212 216 225 213 203 199 213 195 176 164 156 144 127 143 154 169
  D05 Atrial Septal Defect 275 275 293 305 320 327 349 357 365 397 376 365 345 342 330 323 339 369 392
  D06 Atrioventricular Septal Defect (Endocardial Cushion Defect) 67 61 61 55 54 60 63 60 60 64 62 56 47 44 41 42 36 30 26
  D07 Pulmonary Valve
Atresi& Stenosis
64 66 73 73 72 64 59 57 51 61 55 54 49 50 49 37 41 40 41
  D08 Tricuspid Valve
Atresi& Stenosis
18 20 19 19 16 14 14 10 9 12 11 11 13 11 11 7 9 10 10
  D09 Ebstein's Anomaly 5 13 19 26 26 26 24 19 15 10 13 14 14 14 14 13 11 9 8
  D10 Aortic Valve Stenosis 24 23 26 25 19 15 15 17 14 19 20 18 18 19 17 14 13 15 13
  D11 Hypoplastic Left Heart
Syndrome
132 132 137 136 125 113 107 109 104 103 115 114 109 104 111 105 93 96 88
  D12 Patent Ductus Arteriosis 481 457 440 430 443 468 497 505 518 560 505 473 429 404 369 353 358 388 387
  D13 Coarctation of Aorta 65 64 58 61 58 60 56 64 72 71 69 62 62 54 48 56 57 60 55
  D14 Pulmonary Artery Anomalies 89 91 101 96 100 96 94 81 78 86 85 85 73 69 57 39 31 36 45
  D15 Interrupted Aortic Arch 13 15 17 21 22 24 22 22 20 17 19 15 17 15 15 12 8 7 5
  D16 Total Anomalous Pulmonary
Venous Return (or connection)
28 21 22 22 19 18 16 16 15 16 17 18 16 17 19 15 13 11 10
  D17 Double Outlet Right Ventricle 37 38 40 39 35 32 32 32 36 33 31 36 32 29 21 21 20 13 11
  D18 Common Ventricel 16 12 14 12 16 16 17 20 18 23 19 20 21 19 21 12 11 9 7
  D99 Other Heart &
Circulatory System
Anomalies
590 571 586 590 602 599 600 601 563 555 544 529 509 506 533 517 490 469 452
  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
E Respiratory System (All) 419 424 417 437 472 471 457 445 445 415 359 323 279 249 232 245 252 252 245
  E01 Lung Agenesis/
Hypoplasia
304 314 305 298 320 301 285 258 246 229 188 175 147 137 134 156 157 128 107
  E02 Choanal Atresia 9 9 11 12 7 5 5 5 4 5 6 9 9 11 13 13 14 15 14
  E99 Other Respiratory
System Anomalies
112 108 108 137 159 183 188 201 215 201 180 151 132 109 93 83 87 114 128
  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
F Cleft Palate & Cleft Lip 76 67 63 67 75 84 85 92 94 89 85 71 66 62 54 49 44 50 50
  F01 Cleft Palate 33 29 25 27 32 32 30 30 30 27 29 26 25 24 21 19 13 13 13
  F02 Cleft Lip w & w/o Cleft Palate 43 38 38 40 43 52 55 62 64 62 56 45 41 38 33 30 31 37 37

Table 24
Infant Deaths of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 1994-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Six-year Infant Mortality Totals
(Continued)

Birth Defects

  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
G Upper Alimentary Caanal/
Digestive System (All)
183 180 183 190 198 203 207 208 200 196 182 158 146 136 133 121 117 111 109
  G01 Esophageal Atresia/
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
29 28 28 29 30 34 34 33 33 32 28 21 19 21 21 20 21 23 25
  G02 Rectal & Large Intestinal
Atresia/Stenosis
41 37 30 28 28 30 31 33 33 34 31 23 19 21 22 23 24 24 23
  G03 Pyloric Stenosis 5 9 11 11 13 13 13 9 7 6 4 4 3 3 3 3 2 2 2
  G04 Hirshsprung's Disease
(congenital megacolon)
8 5 8 8 9 8 7 7 3 3 2 2 4 4 5 5 5 6 8
  G05 Biliary Atresia 8 8 8 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 8 7 6 5 6 5 3 4 5
  G99 Other Upper
Alimentary Canal
/Digestive System Anomalies
120 117 123 131 136 141 146 149 145 143 132 118 109 96 92 82 80 68 64
  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
H Genital & Urinary Systems 337 328 318 337 361 372 373 367 369 363 341 309 295 286 266 255 242 249 236
  H01 Renal Agenesis/
Hypoplasia
99 98 90 91 101 98 94 86 93 91 85 80 75 78 72 65 57 56 54
  H02 Bladder Exstrophy &
Cloacal Exstrophy
3 3 3 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 3 4 2 2 2 2 1 - -
  H03 Obstructive Genitourinary
Defects
45 51 45 51 59 65 69 70 75 76 73 64 60 58 58 54 55 64 67
  H04 Hypospadias 8 12 20 28 29 38 45 43 42 41 39 29 24 25 18 19 22 23 25
  H05 Epispadias - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
  H99 Other Genital
& Urinary System
Anomalies
242 221 221 233 242 254 248 248 246 235 219 196 190 179 159 159 157 160 148

Table 24
Infant Deaths of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 1994-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Six-year Infant Mortality Totals
(Continued)

Birth Defects

  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
I Musculoskeletal System (All) 388 382 378 370 389 412 422 414 405 404 365 344 305 288 276 277 287 295 305
  I01 Upper Limb Reduction
Deformities
16 13 12 9 9 13 14 15 14 16 13 10 12 10 9 7 8 11 8
  I02 Lower Limb Reduction
Deformities
15 11 12 12 7 9 9 10 9 7 9 6 5 6 8 10 9 11 11
  I03a Exomphalos/
Omphalocele
--- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- 21 25 25
  I03b Gastroschisis --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- 21 20 16
  I03c Prune Belly Syndrome,
Congenital Hernia of Bladder
57 53 51 46 48 44 48 51 51 52 47 47 39 36 33 31 24 19 15
  I04 Congenital Hip Dislocation 13 11 12 12 8 8 8 6 5 4 4 5 3 3 2 4 7 6 10
  I05 Diaphragmatic Hernia 76 76 69 66 71 74 73 70 69 69 60 59 57 59 62 66 68 72 70
  I99 Other Musculoskeletal
System
261 259 260 257 271 300 310 305 301 295 272 244 211 188 174 169 179 186 205
  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
J Integument (All) 27 26 28 29 31 35 36 39 34 32 35 35 34 28 33 37 42 50 53
  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
K Chromosomal Anomalies 254 274 286 285 309 314 316 288 273 275 254 235 212 211 216 210 209 211 207
  K01 Trisomy 13 50 57 56 56 57 60 62 52 50 51 47 41 36 41 43 43 41 41 40
  K02 Down Syndrome 71 72 82 82 90 93 93 84 76 78 71 63 54 50 53 50 47 47 50
  K03 Trisomy 18 86 84 84 81 89 88 79 82 73 76 71 68 70 65 67 62 68 68 61
  K04 Chromosome 22q11.2
Deletion Syndrome
--- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- 4 5 3 3 3 3
  K05 Turner Syndrome 3 4 3 2 1 2 3 3 3 3 3 2 1 - - - - - -
  K99 Other Chromosomal
Anomalies
57 74 83 87 106 104 112 97 98 89 76 77 70 75 77 82 77 76 69
  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
L Other and Unspecified
Birth Defects
269 289 317 334 371 400 393 379 359 334 282 280 325 388 467 520 550 526 530

Table 24
Infant Deaths of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 1994-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Six-year Infant Mortality Totals
(Continued)

Other Reportable Conditions

  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
M Infectious Conditions
Occurring in the Perinatal
Period
32 29 28 37 37 38 38 38 37 28 29 26 27 26 27 29 21 25 21
  M01 Syphilis 6 4 3 4 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 1 - - -
  M02 Other Infections 26 25 25 33 35 36 35 35 34 25 26 23 25 24 25 28 21 25 21
  M03 Zika Virus Disease - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
N Familial/Congenital
Neoplasms
8 6 6 3 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 - - - - -
  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
O Endocrine/Metabolic
Disorders
132 130 140 144 147 152 148 154 138 133 125 125 131 137 153 181 200 220 232
  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
P Diseases of the Blood
& Blood Forming Organs
116 114 109 105 103 94 91 94 90 95 100 112 106 100 111 120 118 112 118
  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
Q Other Diseases of the
Central and Peripheral
Nervous System
84 78 76 76 73 62 63 63 68 64 63 61 56 55 51 52 59 69 78
  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
R Other Diseases of the Eye 96 100 111 117 129 131 135 134 127 132 115 96 80 69 55 34 33 31 31
  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
S Hearing Deficiency 9 11 12 19 30 34 38 39 39 36 28 25 23 22 19 22 26 26 30
  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
T Other Diseases of the
Heart & Circulatory System
246 239 231 236 238 236 218 210 217 211 215 201 197 187 187 192 187 194 185

Table 24
Infant Deaths of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 1994-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Six-year Infant Mortality Totals
(Continued)

Other Reportable Conditions

  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
U Other Diseases of the
Gastrointestinal System
212 199 197 205 201 190 187 186 174 170 165 168 158 152 165 162 156 151 149
  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
V Other Diseases of the
Genital and Urinary Systems
4 2 2 2 3 4 4 4 4 4 3 2 3 4 5 7 9 14 15
  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
X Other Musculoskeletal
System Diseases
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
Y Maternal Exposures
Affecting Fetus
71 60 64 60 63 62 56 56 48 53 50 48 52 51 62 62 63 71 72
  Y01 Newborn Affected by
Maternal use of Alcohol
10 7 6 4 4 5 3 3 3 2 1 - - - 1 1 2 3 3
  Y02 Fetal Alcohol Syndrome --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
  Y99 Other Maternal Exposures
Affecting the Fetus
62 54 59 57 60 58 53 53 45 51 49 48 52 51 61 61 62 69 70
  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
One or More
Reportable Diagnosis 
2,453 2,436 2,458 2,503 2,544 2,542 2,543 2,494 2,394 2,332 2,227 2,100 1,962 1,878 1,905 1,880 1,814 1,796 1,776

Notes:
Frequencies include all children reported with a birth defect who were born in Michigan and whose mother was a resident at the time of birth. This enables the calculation of birth defects prevalence rates. Birth defect statistics sometimes reflect trends related to data reporting or new testing. See Data Quality Considerations for further details.
Columns do not add to diagnostic group totals nor column totals due to cases with multiple diagnosed conditions that cross diagnostic groupings.
Conditions are reportable if identified within the first two years of a child's life. The prevalence frequencies in this table represent cases diagnosed within the first year of life.
Prior to October 2015, diagnoses were coded using the 9th revision to the International Classification of Diseases - ICD–9–CM.  (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD–9–CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.) After October 2015, the Birth Defect registry coded diagnoses using ICD–10–CM. (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD–10–CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.) Diagnostic Code Groupings used in analysis of birth defects are defined by the Centers for Disease Control.
Source: Michigan Birth Defects Registry, Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services
Reports Processed through May 28, 2020

Last Updated on August 17, 2020