Table 15
Birth Defect Prevalence Rates by Summary Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2005-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth

Birth Defects

  Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
A
Central Nervous System
Birth Defects
47.0 44.4 46.0 41.9 42.3 39.4 39.1 40.3 43.2 55.3 48.4 55.0 55.7 68.6 48.5
B
Eye Birth Defects 31.6 29.9 25.5 25.6 27.3 25.9 25.6 29.6 28.8 39.0 43.4 46.7 41.1 35.5 27.9
C
Ear, Face & Neck Birth Defects 23.7 20.9 16.2 15.2 18.2 14.7 16.0 17.1 18.0 35.0 22.0 29.8 36.8 47.3 39.4
D
Heart & Circulatory System
Birth Defects
207.3 220.3 225.9 202.1 205.5 177.0 174.0 184.1 201.5 220.6 199.5 241.8 200.8 244.3 216.2
E
Respiratory System
Birth Defects
54.9 59.4 83.2 70.5 41.0 34.9 41.8 42.5 53.3 56.6 52.6 64.0 57.0 59.5 49.8
F
Cleft Palate and Cleft Lip 16.6 16.3 18.1 16.6 15.5 18.5 15.0 15.4 15.4 17.1 16.2 17.9 20.0 15.3 15.9
G
Birth Defects of the Upper
Alimentary Canal/ Digestive System
52.0 54.1 64.6 58.0 57.3 53.1 46.1 46.3 49.8 48.7 51.0 52.1 42.5 54.7 43.3
H
Genital & Urinary Systems
Birth Defects
148.6 159.5 160.1 146.8 128.1 107.4 107.9 141.4 147.5 166.7 163.5 188.4 158.4 172.0 150.6
I
Musculoskeletal System
Birth Defects
190.5 182.6 198.6 189.6 143.6 124.3 159.3 175.8 218.8 218.0 247.6 259.0 198.1 211.8 172.4
J
Integument Birth Defects 101.9 50.0 101.1 40.4 112.9 103.9 77.3 95.4 73.5 136.6 144.6 200.9 118.3 121.8 95.9
K
Chromosomal Anomalies 26.0 25.1 25.7 23.3 26.3 25.6 26.5 24.9 28.2 26.7 27.1 26.5 25.1 28.0 26.8
L
Other and Unspecified
Birth Defects
133.9 49.4 38.9 31.7 21.7 17.7 169.9 169.9 192.0 218.7 197.3 231.0 204.4 212.4 248.7
   

Table 15
Birth Defect Prevalence Rates by Summary Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2005-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
(Continued)

Other Reportable Conditions

  Diagnostic Grouping2005
to
2017
200520062007200820092010201120122013
to
2017
20132014201520162017
M
Infectious Conditions
Occurring in the Perinatal
Period
5.2 3.5 4.0 2.6 7.1 5.9 4.1 4.7 6.8 5.9 6.4 7.8 5.5 5.4 4.2
N
Familial/Congenital
Neoplasms
1.3 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7 * 0.9 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.8 1.0 1.5
O
Endocrine/Metabolic
Disorders
59.6 45.7 47.9 40.4 50.4 40.7 49.9 49.7 68.2 77.7 72.2 82.5 74.0 88.9 70.6
P
Diseases of the Blood
& Blood Forming Organs
32.3 26.0 24.6 21.2 25.9 21.8 29.7 33.3 34.0 41.4 39.5 45.7 43.6 44.4 33.8
Q
Other Diseases of the
Central and Peripheral
Nervous System
36.2 34.4 34.8 31.7 31.6 30.1 29.7 37.6 38.0 40.7 39.2 48.0 40.6 44.5 31.1
R
Other Diseases of the Eye 60.3 67.5 67.3 67.8 65.7 53.8 52.9 59.2 58.0 57.9 66.3 66.9 60.1 56.4 39.4
S
Hearing Deficiency 69.1 44.6 42.5 37.4 43.5 39.3 54.0 86.6 91.2 94.4 100.8 105.7 71.6 111.3 82.4
T
Other Diseases of the
Heart & Circulatory System
42.3 34.4 40.9 37.3 40.3 36.3 37.9 38.7 54.4 46.3 49.6 49.9 44.3 47.7 40.0
U
Other Diseases of the
Gastrointestinal System
53.5 62.1 55.7 54.5 56.1 42.0 50.2 48.9 56.7 53.6 58.2 63.8 54.5 50.1 41.3
V
Other Diseases of the
Genital and Urinary Systems
8.9 4.9 4.7 3.2 3.1 4.6 5.1 5.5 6.1 16.0 7.9 11.3 15.4 22.5 23.2
X
Other Musculoskeletal
System Diseases
0.2 * * * * * * * * 0.2 0.5 * * * -
Y
Maternal Exposures
Affecting Fetus
45.7 24.8 25.2 16.6 26.2 23.0 27.4 39.9 43.6 75.8 47.9 78.1 60.2 102.6 90.4
One or More
Reportable Diagnosis
997.5 885.6 932.4 803.7 809.9 694.0 855.4 951.4 1,030.2 1,214.6 1,179.6 1,365.3 1,123.6 1,254.4 1,147.5
   

Notes:
Rates Are Per 10,000 Michigan Born Resident Live Births.  Rates include all children reported with a birth defect who were born in Michigan and whose mother was a resident at the time of birth. This enables the calculation of birth defects prevalence rates. Birth defect statistics sometimes reflect trends related to data reporting or new testing. See Data Quality Considerations for further details.
Symbols: *: Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision. •  -: A dash represents quantity zero. •  0.0: Quanity more than zero but less than 0.05.
Conditions are reportable if identified within the first two years of a child's life. The prevalence frequencies used to calculate the rates in this table represent cases diagnosed within the first year of life.
Prior to October 2015, diagnoses were coded using the 9th revision to the International Classification of Diseases - ICD–9–CM.  (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD–9–CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.) After October 2015, the Birth Defect registry coded diagnoses using ICD–10–CM. (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD–10–CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.) Diagnostic Code Groupings used in analysis of birth defects are defined by the Centers for Disease Control.
Source: Michigan Birth Defects Registry, Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services
Reports Processed through May 28, 2020

Last Updated on August 17, 2020