Table 8
Birth Defect Numbers & Prevalence Rates by Summary Diagnostic Code Group and
By Race & Hispanic Ancestry of Mother
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2012 - 2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Six-year Birth Defect Totals & Birth Defect Prevalence Rates

Birth Defects

  Diagnostic Grouping Number by Race Prevalence Rate by Race
Total White Black Native
American
Asian Hispanic Total White Black Native
American
Asian Hispanic
A
Central Nervous System
Birth Defects
3,576 2,205 939 12 75 233 53.2 47.6 73.4 33.4 30.6 50.8
B
Eye Birth Defects 2,504 1,590 576 5 104 144 37.3 34.3 45.0 * 42.4 31.4
C
Ear, Face & Neck Birth Defects 2,161 1,294 537 7 67 192 32.2 27.9 42.0 19.5 27.3 41.8
D
Heart & Circulatory System
Birth Defects
14,602 9,106 3,737 68 370 925 217.4 196.5 292.1 189.4 150.9 201.6
E
Respiratory System
Birth Defects
3,765 2,173 1,142 14 75 229 56.1 46.9 89.3 39.0 30.6 49.9
F
Cleft Palate and Cleft Lip 1,127 824 154 5 33 76 16.8 17.8 12.0 * 13.5 16.6
G
Birth Defects of the Upper
Alimentary Canal/ Digestive System
3,286 2,267 641 4 60 232 48.9 48.9 50.1 * 24.5 50.6
H
Genital & Urinary Systems
Birth Defects
10,981 7,259 2,356 25 306 662 163.5 156.6 184.1 69.6 124.8 144.3
I
Musculoskeletal System
Birth Defects
14,653 9,409 3,359 35 497 886 218.1 203.0 262.5 97.5 202.7 193.1
J
Integument Birth Defects 8,467 2,467 4,559 24 450 624 126.1 53.2 356.3 66.8 183.5 136.0
K
Chromosomal Anomalies 1,811 1,271 329 2 43 123 27.0 27.4 25.7 * 17.5 26.8
L
Other and Unspecified
Birth Defects
14,390 9,010 3,147 40 881 1,020 214.2 194.4 245.9 111.4 359.3 222.3

Table 8
Birth Defect Numbers & Prevalence Rates by Summary Diagnostic Code Group and
By Race & Hispanic Ancestry of Mother
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2012 - 2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Six-year Birth Defect Totals & Birth Defect Prevalence Rates
(Continued)

Other Reportable Conditions

  Diagnostic Grouping Number by Race Prevalence Rate by Race
Total White Black Native
American
Asian Hispanic Total White Black Native
American
Asian Hispanic
M
Infectious Conditions
Occurring in the Perinatal
Period
404 156 214 1 5 16 6.0 3.4 16.7 * * 3.5
N
Familial/Congenital
Neoplasms
90 40 37 - 4 5 1.3 0.9 2.9 - * *
O
Endocrine/Metabolic
Disorders
5,112 3,045 1,427 25 192 261 76.1 65.7 111.5 69.6 78.3 56.9
P
Diseases of the Blood
& Blood Forming Organs
2,699 681 1,830 5 45 72 40.2 14.7 143.0 * 18.4 15.7
Q
Other Diseases of the
Central and Peripheral
Nervous System
2,705 1,702 706 11 61 152 40.3 36.7 55.2 30.6 24.9 33.1
R
Other Diseases of the Eye 3,891 2,436 1,037 13 101 216 57.9 52.6 81.0 36.2 41.2 47.1
S
Hearing Deficiency 6,307 3,513 1,898 13 249 377 93.9 75.8 148.3 36.2 101.5 82.2
T
Other Diseases of the
Heart & Circulatory System
3,202 1,926 901 12 72 208 47.7 41.6 70.4 33.4 29.4 45.3
U
Other Diseases of the
Gastrointestinal System
3,637 2,267 974 11 82 195 54.1 48.9 76.1 30.6 33.4 42.5
V
Other Diseases of the
Genital and Urinary Systems
966 655 183 - 31 61 14.4 14.1 14.3 - 12.6 13.3
X
Other Musculoskeletal
System Diseases
16 7 9 - - - 0.2 0.2 0.7 - - -
Y
Maternal Exposures
Affecting Fetus
4,729 3,203 1,229 51 17 192 70.4 69.1 96.1 142.0 6.9 41.8
One or More
Reportable Diagnosis
79,519 46,953 22,172 259 2,860 4,967 1,183.8 1,013.2 1,732.8 721.2 1,166.3 1,082.4

Notes:

Race or Hispanic Ancestry: Race without mention of Hispanic ancestry, or Hispanic ancestry with or without mention of race.

Rates Are Per 10,000 Michigan Born Resident Live Births.  Rates include all children reported with a birth defect who were born in Michigan and whose mother was a resident at the time of birth. This enables the calculation of birth defects prevalence rates. Birth defect statistics sometimes reflect trends related to data reporting or new testing. See Data Quality Considerations for further details.
Symbols: *: Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision. •  -: A dash represents quantity zero. •  0.0: Quanity more than zero but less than 0.05.
Conditions are reportable if identified within the first two years of a child's life. The prevalence frequencies used to calculate the rates in this table represent cases diagnosed within the first year of life.
Prior to October 2015, diagnoses were coded using the 9th revision to the International Classification of Diseases - ICD–9–CM.  (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD–9–CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.) After October 2015, the Birth Defect registry coded diagnoses using ICD–10–CM. (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD–10–CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.) Diagnostic Code Groupings used in analysis of birth defects are defined by the Centers for Disease Control.
Source: Michigan Birth Defects Registry, Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services
Reports Processed through May 28, 2020

Last Updated on August 17, 2020