Table 23
Infant Deaths of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Summary Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 1994-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Six-year Infant Mortality Totals

Birth Defects

  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
A
Central Nervous System
Birth Defects
332 311 326 345 358 374 378 397 387 380 351 325 286 260 261 250 257 255 256
B
Eye Birth Defects 50 45 45 55 55 60 61 62 58 51 46 39 35 35 34 35 40 45 49
C
Ear, Face & Neck Birth Defects 53 49 53 57 51 51 60 55 53 55 52 48 38 41 34 29 34 40 48
D
Heart & Circulatory System
Birth Defects
1,149 1,130 1,137 1,146 1,172 1,171 1,182 1,171 1,131 1,132 1,074 1,017 932 900 888 847 811 820 821
E
Respiratory System
Birth Defects
419 424 417 437 472 471 457 445 445 415 359 323 279 249 232 245 252 252 245
F
Cleft Palate and Cleft Lip 76 67 63 67 75 84 85 92 94 89 85 71 66 62 54 49 44 50 50
G
Birth Defects of the Upper
Alimentary Canal/ Digestive System
183 180 183 190 198 203 207 208 200 196 182 158 146 136 133 121 117 111 109
H
Genital & Urinary Systems
Birth Defects
337 328 318 337 361 372 373 367 369 363 341 309 295 286 266 255 242 249 236
I
Musculoskeletal System
Birth Defects
388 382 378 370 389 412 422 414 405 404 365 344 305 288 276 277 287 295 305
J
Integument Birth Defects 27 26 28 29 31 35 36 39 34 32 35 35 34 28 33 37 42 50 53
K
Chromosomal Anomalies 254 274 286 285 309 314 316 288 273 275 254 235 212 211 216 210 209 211 207
L
Other and Unspecified
Birth Defects
269 289 317 334 371 400 393 379 359 334 282 280 325 388 467 520 550 526 530

Table 23
Infant Deaths of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Summary Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 1994-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Six-year Infant Mortality Totals
(Continued)

Other Reportable Conditions

  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
M
Infectious Conditions
Occurring in the Perinatal
Period
32 29 28 37 37 38 38 38 37 28 29 26 27 26 27 29 21 25 21
N
Familial/Congenital
Neoplasms
8 6 6 3 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 - - - - -
O
Endocrine/Metabolic
Disorders
132 130 140 144 147 152 148 154 138 133 125 125 131 137 153 181 200 220 232
P
Diseases of the Blood
& Blood Forming Organs
116 114 109 105 103 94 91 94 90 95 100 112 106 100 111 120 118 112 118
Q
Other Diseases of the
Central and Peripheral
Nervous System
84 78 76 76 73 62 63 63 68 64 63 61 56 55 51 52 59 69 78
R
Other Diseases of the Eye 96 100 111 117 129 131 135 134 127 132 115 96 80 69 55 34 33 31 31
S
Hearing Deficiency 9 11 12 19 30 34 38 39 39 36 28 25 23 22 19 22 26 26 30
T
Other Diseases of the
Heart & Circulatory System
246 239 231 236 238 236 218 210 217 211 215 201 197 187 187 192 187 194 185
U
Other Diseases of the
Gastrointestinal System
212 199 197 205 201 190 187 186 174 170 165 168 158 152 165 162 156 151 149
V
Other Diseases of the
Genital and Urinary Systems
4 2 2 2 3 4 4 4 4 4 3 2 3 4 5 7 9 14 15
X
Other Musculoskeletal
System Diseases
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Y
Maternal Exposures
Affecting Fetus
71 60 64 60 63 62 56 56 48 53 50 48 52 51 62 62 63 71 72
One or More
Reportable Diagnosis
2,453 2,436 2,458 2,503 2,544 2,542 2,543 2,494 2,394 2,332 2,227 2,100 1,962 1,878 1,905 1,880 1,814 1,796 1,776

Notes:
Frequencies include all children reported with a birth defect who were born in Michigan and whose mother was a resident at the time of birth. This enables the calculation of birth defects mortality rates. Birth defect statistics sometimes reflect trends related to data reporting or new testing. See Data Quality Considerations for further details. Columns do not add to diagnostic group totals nor column totals due to cases with multiple diagnosed conditions that cross diagnostic groupings.
Conditions are reportable if identified within the first two years of a child's life. The mortality data in this table represent cases diagnosed within the first year of life.
Prior to October 2015, diagnoses were coded using the 9th revision to the International Classification of Diseases - ICD–9–CM.  (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD–9–CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.) After October 2015, the Birth Defect registry coded diagnoses using ICD–10–CM. (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD–10–CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.) Diagnostic Code Groupings used in analysis of birth defects are defined by the Centers for Disease Control.
Source: Michigan Birth Defects Registry, Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services
Reports Processed through May 28, 2020

Last Updated on August 17, 2020