Table 25
Mortality Rates of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Summary Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 1994-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Moving Six-year Mortality Rates

Birth Defects

  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
A
Central Nervous System
Birth Defects
136.0 123.0 123.7 122.4 122.4 120.6 118.3 121.1 118.2 117.0 110.0 106.0 96.7 90.8 90.4 83.3 81.1 72.9 71.6
B
Eye Birth Defects 29.3 24.5 23.1 26.1 24.7 26.4 26.6 27.7 26.7 24.2 22.8 20.2 18.5 18.5 16.5 15.5 16.5 17.8 19.6
C
Ear, Face & Neck Birth Defects 43.5 41.6 44.5 44.9 39.9 39.2 43.3 40.2 40.2 42.5 41.7 39.2 32.9 35.6 28.1 21.8 21.6 20.8 22.2
D
Heart & Circulatory System
Birth Defects
83.1 83.7 82.7 82.6 83.0 79.7 77.7 74.1 71.4 71.6 70.1 69.6 67.0 67.6 68.0 63.5 59.9 57.4 56.2
E
Respiratory System
Birth Defects
193.4 186.5 162.1 151.5 142.3 129.5 115.4 99.6 94.1 90.2 84.6 80.0 74.0 75.1 76.4 74.9 71.9 68.2 65.1
F
Cleft Palate and Cleft Lip 59.4 52.1 48.3 51.1 57.5 65.1 67.4 71.4 74.2 71.5 68.8 58.8 56.1 55.3 49.2 43.9 39.1 44.4 44.4
G
Birth Defects of the Upper
Alimentary Canal/ Digestive System
44.6 43.0 41.9 42.7 44.4 45.7 47.2 46.8 46.1 46.1 43.3 39.1 37.7 37.6 38.3 35.8 36.1 33.3 33.2
H
Genital & Urinary Systems
Birth Defects
37.1 34.4 31.9 32.1 33.2 33.0 32.1 31.8 32.2 32.7 32.5 31.4 31.3 31.6 29.3 26.3 23.7 22.8 21.5
I
Musculoskeletal System
Birth Defects
37.8 36.5 34.0 31.3 31.5 32.5 32.1 30.5 29.7 31.0 29.6 28.4 25.9 24.5 22.7 20.7 20.3 20.0 20.8
J
Integument Birth Defects 14.1 14.5 15.8 16.7 18.0 18.1 15.8 12.0 9.9 7.1 6.5 6.0 5.4 4.8 4.7 4.7 5.3 5.9 6.3
K
Chromosomal Anomalies 163.9 175.4 176.8 173.7 180.8 177.4 176.4 157.5 149.8 148.8 138.3 127.8 117.5 117.5 119.1 116.8 117.2 117.4 114.3
L
Other and Unspecified
Birth Defects
148.9 134.6 117.9 107.4 105.6 104.2 97.2 97.1 101.7 106.5 107.5 71.9 62.6 56.7 53.8 47.2 41.9 38.8 36.8

Table 25
Mortality Rates of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Summary Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 1994-2017,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Moving Six-year Mortality Rates
(Continued)

Other Reportable Conditions

  Diagnostic Grouping1994
to
1999
1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
2009
to
2014
2010
to
2015
2011
to
2016
2012
to
2017
M
Infectious Conditions
Occurring in the Perinatal
Period
57.5 60.4 61.0 81.3 84.7 97.7 104.4 111.1 122.5 88.3 92.4 79.8 80.6 72.2 67.5 72.0 52.9 60.8 52.0
N
Familial/Congenital
Neoplasms
92.0 65.9 63.2 * * * * * * * * * * * - - - - -
O
Endocrine/Metabolic
Disorders
62.4 55.9 54.7 52.3 50.0 49.7 46.9 47.8 43.2 40.8 38.8 37.7 39.6 39.5 40.5 44.1 44.8 44.9 45.4
P
Diseases of the Blood
& Blood Forming Organs
92.1 89.1 85.0 77.5 71.5 62.8 57.1 56.7 53.3 54.9 58.3 62.3 57.4 52.2 52.9 52.1 46.4 41.5 43.7
Q
Other Diseases of the
Central and Peripheral
Nervous System
40.1 36.7 35.2 34.5 32.6 26.8 26.9 26.3 28.1 26.5 26.3 26.2 24.1 23.9 21.7 20.6 22.5 24.8 28.8
R
Other Diseases of the Eye 24.4 24.7 26.6 27.5 29.7 29.0 29.4 28.5 26.4 27.2 24.3 21.1 18.3 16.6 13.5 8.4 8.1 7.5 8.0
S
Hearing Deficiency 9.1 8.9 7.1 8.6 11.7 12.0 12.1 11.9 12.3 11.8 9.4 7.9 6.5 5.4 4.0 4.1 4.5 4.1 4.8
T
Other Diseases of the
Heart & Circulatory System
79.7 81.7 79.3 79.3 79.3 82.7 80.6 78.1 80.4 77.9 80.0 73.3 71.7 65.8 63.7 63.6 60.4 60.6 57.8
U
Other Diseases of the
Gastrointestinal System
42.4 40.2 39.5 41.7 41.3 39.4 39.0 39.9 39.1 39.2 40.6 43.2 43.2 42.4 46.3 44.8 41.7 40.4 41.0
V
Other Diseases of the
Genital and Urinary Systems
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 15.3 15.6 18.1 15.5
X
Other Musculoskeletal
System Diseases
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Y
Maternal Exposures
Affecting Fetus
29.8 27.4 29.9 29.6 33.1 34.0 30.6 31.8 30.3 32.8 30.1 27.8 27.9 25.1 26.2 21.1 18.8 17.0 15.2
One or More
Reportable Diagnosis
46.7 46.0 44.5 43.8 43.4 42.2 40.9 39.1 38.0 37.4 36.8 34.8 32.8 31.5 30.3 27.4 24.8 23.1 22.3

Notes:
Rates are Per 1,000 Michigan Born Resident Live Births. Rates represent the infant mortality rate for children with a diagnosed birth defect. The rates include all deaths within the first year of life to children reported with a birth defect who were born in Michigan and whose mother was a resident at the time of birth. Birth defect statistics sometimes reflect trends related to data reporting or new testing. See Data Quality Considerations for further details.
*: Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision.
Conditions are reportable if identified within the first two years of a child's life. The mortality data in this table represent cases diagnosed within the first year of life.
Prior to October 2015, diagnoses were coded using the 9th revision to the International Classification of Diseases - ICD–9–CM.  (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD–9–CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.) After October 2015, the Birth Defect registry coded diagnoses using ICD–10–CM. (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD–10–CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.) Diagnostic Code Groupings used in analysis of birth defects are defined by the Centers for Disease Control.
Source: Michigan Birth Defects Registry, Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services
Reports Processed through May 28, 2020

Last Updated on August 17, 2020