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Age-Adjusted Intentional Self-harm (Suicide) Death Rates by Race and Sex
Michigan and United States Residents, 1980- 2012
Michigan
Year All Races White Black
Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female
1980 11.9 19.0 5.6 12.5 19.8 6.0 7.8 13.7 *
1981 12.2 19.4 6.1 12.9 20.1 6.7 7.6 14.2 *
1982 12.6 20.3 6.0 13.4 21.3 6.4 7.4 13.5 *
1983 12.5 20.4 5.6 12.9 20.8 6.1 9.5 18.1 *
1984 13.0 21.0 6.2 13.7 22.0 6.5 8.3 13.6 4.1
1985 12.4 21.7 4.4 12.9 22.3 4.8 9.2 18.0 *
1986 12.5 20.6 5.8 13.0 21.4 6.0 9.5 16.2 4.2
1987 11.9 19.8 5.1 12.4 20.3 5.5 9.1 16.4 3.0
1988 12.0 20.3 4.9 12.5 21.1 5.1 8.5 15.2 *
1989 11.3 20.0 4.0 11.9 20.8 4.2 7.9 14.1 2.9
1990 11.7 20.5 4.3 12.2 21.2 4.5 8.2 14.9 *
1991 12.4 21.8 4.6 12.9 22.4 4.8 9.6 17.7 *
1992 11.3 19.6 4.2 11.9 20.3 4.5 7.8 14.3 *
1993 11.4 20.2 3.7 11.8 20.6 4.0 8.4 16.4 *
1994 10.7 19.0 3.5 11.1 19.6 3.7 8.2 15.2 *
1995 10.1 17.6 3.5 10.3 18.1 3.5 8.1 14.4 2.8
1996 11.4 20.0 3.9 11.9 20.6 4.1 8.5 15.0 2.9
1997 10.3 17.9 3.5 10.9 18.8 3.9 6.2 11.5 *
1998 9.8 17.5 3.2 10.5 18.6 3.3 6.0 10.8 *
Note: The manner in which underlying cause of death is coded and classified was revised in 1999 to reflect changing medical opinion and practice. The comparability between classification schemes for this particular cause of death is high (1.00), meaning that the change should have little or no impact on the comparisons of mortality statistics over time.
1999 9.8 16.8 3.6 10.4 17.5 3.8 6.9 12.5 *
2000 9.8 16.7 3.7 10.4 17.6 4.0 6.0 11.1 *
2001 10.5 17.7 3.9 11.2 18.8 4.1 6.7 11.6 2.7
2002 11.0 18.7 4.0 11.7 19.9 4.4 6.3 10.9 *
2003 10.1 16.8 4.0 10.9 17.9 4.3 6.4 11.5 *
2004 10.9 18.0 4.3 11.7 19.4 4.5 4.6 7.6 *
2005 10.9 18.0 4.5 11.9 19.3 5.1 5.9 10.9 *
2006 11.1 18.9 3.9 11.8 19.7 4.3 6.5 13.1 *
2007 11.0 18.3 4.3 12.1 20.0 4.7 5.3 9.4 *
2008 11.7 19.6 4.3 12.6 20.9 4.6 7.1 12.2 2.8
2009 11.4 18.8 4.7 12.4 20.3 5.0 6.2 10.0 3.2
2010 12.5 20.3 5.3 13.5 21.7 5.6 7.2 11.2 3.8
2011 12.1 20.2 4.6 13.1 21.7 5.0 6.9 11.4 2.9
2012 12.4 20.5 4.9 13.4 22.2 5.0 7.0 11.1 3.3
United States
Year All Races White Black
Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female
1980 12.2 19.9 5.7 13.0 20.9 6.1 6.5 11.4 2.4
1981 12.3 19.8 6.0 13.1 20.9 6.4 6.5 11.4 2.5
1982 12.5 20.4 5.8 13.3 21.6 6.2 6.3 11.2 2.3
1983 12.4 20.4 5.5 13.2 21.6 6.0 6.2 11.1 2.2
1984 12.6 20.9 5.6 13.5 22.1 6.0 6.6 11.7 2.3
1985 12.5 21.1 5.2 13.4 22.4 5.7 6.6 11.8 2.3
1986 13.0 21.9 5.5 13.9 23.2 6.0 6.8 12.2 2.4
1987 12.8 21.7 5.3 13.7 23.0 5.7 6.9 12.8 2.1
1988 12.5 21.2 5.1 13.3 22.5 5.5 6.9 12.2 2.5
1989 12.3 21.0 4.9 13.1 22.3 5.2 7.2 13.0 2.5
1990 12.5 21.5 4.8 13.4 22.8 5.2 7.1 12.8 2.4
1991 12.3 21.2 4.7 13.2 22.5 5.1 7.0 13.0 2.0
1992 12.1 20.6 4.7 12.9 21.9 5.0 6.9 12.6 2.1
1993 12.2 20.9 4.6 13.0 22.1 5.0 7.1 13.0 2.2
1994 12.1 20.7 4.5 12.8 21.9 4.8 7.0 12.9 2.1
1995 12.0 20.6 4.4 12.8 21.9 4.7 6.9 12.5 2.1
1996 11.7 20.0 4.3 12.5 21.3 4.7 6.6 11.9 2.0
1997 11.4 19.4 4.4 12.3 20.6 4.8 6.3 11.4 2.0
1998 11.3 19.2 4.3 12.2 20.6 4.7 5.8 10.6 1.8
Note: The manner in which underlying cause of death is coded and classified was revised in 1999 to reflect changing medical opinion and practice. The comparability between classification schemes for this particular cause of death is high (1.00), meaning that the change should have little or no impact on the comparisons of mortality statistics over time.
1999 10.7 18.2 4.1 11.5 19.4 4.4 5.7 10.4 1.6
2000 10.6 18.1 4.0 11.5 19.4 4.4 5.6 10.2 1.8
2001 10.7 18.2 4.0 11.7 19.6 4.5 5.5 9.8 1.8
2002 10.9 18.4 4.2 12.0 20.0 4.7 5.3 9.8 1.6
2003 10.8 18.0 4.2 11.8 19.6 4.6 5.2 9.2 1.9
2004 10.9 18.0 4.5 12.0 19.6 5.0 5.3 9.6 1.8
2005 10.9 18.0 4.4 12.0 19.6 4.9 5.2 9.2 1.9
2006 10.9 18.0 4.5 12.1 19.6 5.1 5.1 9.4 1.4
2007 11.3 18.4 4.7 12.5 20.2 5.2 5.0 8.8 1.7
2008 11.6 18.9 4.8 12.9 20.8 5.4 5.3 9.5 1.7
2009 11.8 19.2 4.9 13.1 21.1 5.5 5.2 9.0 1.9
2010 12.1 19.8 5.0 13.6 22.0 5.6 5.2 9.1 1.8
2011 12.0 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --


Note: Age-adjusted death rates are based on age-specific death rates per 100,000 population in specified group. Age-adjusted death rates are computed by the direct method, using as the standard population the age distribution of the total population of the United States for the year 2000.

*: A rate is not calculated when there are fewer than 20 events because the width of the confidence interval would negate any usefulness for comparative purposes.


The underlying cause of death is the condition giving rise to the chain of events leading to death. Between January 1, 1979 and December 31, 1998, the underlying causes of death were classified in accordance with the Ninth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-9), a coding structure developed by the World Health Organization. Starting January 1, 1999, causes of death were classified using the Tenth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). With each revision there are differences in classifying the underlying cause of death. Therefore, health statistics based on one revision are not directly comparable to the other revision without the use of comparability ratios.
(See "Comparability of cause of death between ICD–9 and ICD–10: Preliminary estimates." National vital statistics reports; vol 49 no. 2. Hyattsville, Maryland: National Center for Health Statistics. 2001. )
Before 1999, Intentional Self-harm (Suicide) deaths were classified with ICD-9 codes E950-E599. Starting in 1999, Intentional Self-harm (Suicide) deaths were classified using ICD-10 codes *U03,X60-X84,Y87.0.

Prior to rate calculations, death records with race not stated were randomly allocated to the white and black groups based on the proportion of Michigan Resident deaths in each of the racial categories for that year. Records with sex not stated were randomly assigned to male and female (50 percent each). Records with age not stated were allocated to the age group 85 and over.
Source: Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Community Health; Population Estimate (latest update 9/2012), National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Census Populations With Bridged Race Categories .

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