Characteristics of the Mother or Infant, as a Percentage of Live Births
Marquette County and Michigan Residents, 2011

Maternal Characteristics Marquette Michigan
% Under 20 years 5.2 8.5
% First births 43.7 39.9
% Fourth and higher order births 8.5 11.9
% Less than 12 years of education 6.3 14.4
% Unmarried 38.1 42.7
% Group-B Strep present during pregnancy 19.3 18.5
% Maternal HIV test performed 49.4 72.9
% Received prenatal care during first trimester 78.5 74.6
% of Women delivering a live birth who had a healthy weight prior to pregnancy 43.7 43.0
% Smoked while pregnant 31.5 19.3
% of Mothers who did not smoke while pregnant 68.3 79.6
% Cesarean delivery 39.0 32.8
% of Women with low-risk live births that were Cesarean births 35.1 29.8
% of Women with low-risk live births that were first birth Cesarean sections 24.3 18.2
% Cesarean births among low-risk women with a prior Cesarean birth 92.3 89.1
% Weight gained while pregnant less that 16 pounds 16.5 14.3
% Weight gained while pregnant for singleton moms was low 23.5 19.5
% Weight gained while pregnant for singleton moms was recommended 30.4 28.7
% Weight gained while pregnant for singleton moms was excessive 43.4 46.9
% Breast feeding not planned 18.0 23.8
% Breast feeding initiated 25.1 33.8
% Breast feeding planned 56.3 40.5
% Breast feeding planned or initiated 81.3 74.3
% WIC food during pregnancy 41.4 45.3

 

Infant Characteristics Marquette Michigan
% Low birthweight 6.7 8.4
% Very low birthweight 0.9 1.6
% Very preterm 0.9 1.8
% Live births 32 to 33 weeks gestation 0.9 1.2
% Late preterm 7.4 7.0
% Preterm 9.2 10.0
% APGAR score < 7 in first 5 minutes of life 1.9 3.0
% Singleton births 96.9 96.4
Male/female ratio 110.6 105.9


Notes:

A dagger indicates a Healthy 2020 Maternal, Infant and Child Health Objective.

A healthy weight for a woman prior to pregnancy is defined as a BMI of 18.5 to 24.9.
Low weight births are less than 2,500 grams.
Very low weight births are less than 1,500 grams.
Very preterm births are infants born prior to 32 completed weeks of gestation.
Late preterm births are infants born between 34 to 36 completed weeks of gestation.
Preterm births are infants born prior to 37 completed weeks of gestation.
Singleton birth is a single birth delivery.
Low-risk Cesarean births are singleton, full-term (37 weeks gestation or older), with vertex presentation that were delivered using a C-section.
Male/female ratio is the number of male resident live births divided by the female resident live births × 100.
Mothers who smoked while pregnant where those who had a history of smoking, but never quit, plus those who quit at some point between estimated conception and birth date.
Weight gain is considered low or excessive if it falls below or above the IOM recommended range of weight gain. See "Weight Gain During Pregnancy: Reexamining the Guidelines" for details.

Source: 2011 Geocoded Michigan Birth Certificate Registry.,
Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services.

Last updated: 5/18/2017