Characteristics of the Mother or Infant, as a Percentage of Live Births
Central Michigan District Health Department District and
Michigan Residents, 2017

Maternal Characteristics District  Michigan
% Under 20 years 8.2 7.0
% First births 39.0 39.1
% Fourth and higher order births 14.8 12.2
% Less than 12 years of education 17.7 13.2
% Unmarried 43.4 42.7
% Group-B Strep present during pregnancy 14.2 17.6
% Maternal HIV test performed 62.2 77.8
% Received prenatal care during first trimester 70.0 73.1
% of Women delivering a live birth who had a healthy weight prior to pregnancy 43.0 41.9
% Smoked while pregnant 29.4 19.7
% of Mothers who did not smoke while pregnant 70.6 79.3
% Cesarean delivery 33.2 32.5
% of Women with low-risk live births that were Cesarean births 30.7 29.6
% of Women with low-risk live births that were first birth Cesarean sections 16.9 17.7
% Cesarean births among low-risk women with a prior Cesarean birth 92.1 88.6
% Weight gained while pregnant less that 16 pounds 17.0 14.3
% Weight gained while pregnant for singleton moms was low 21.1 19.4
% Weight gained while pregnant for singleton moms was recommended 29.9 28.9
% Weight gained while pregnant for singleton moms was excessive 47.9 46.6
% Breast feeding not planned 17.9 20.9
% Breast feeding initiated 40.9 40.3
% Breast feeding planned 40.4 37.4
% Breast feeding planned or initiated 81.3 77.7
% WIC food during pregnancy 55.4 44.1

 

Infant Characteristics District  Michigan
% Low birthweight 6.9 8.3
% Very low birthweight 1.7 1.6
% Very preterm 2.4 2.3
% Live births 32 to 33 weeks gestation 1.5 1.6
% Late preterm 6.9 8.2
% Preterm 10.8 12.0
% APGAR score < 7 in first 5 minutes of life 2.9 2.8
% Singelton births 96.8 96.3
Male/female ratio 107.1 104.4


Notes:

Central Michigan District Health Department is affiliated with Arenac, Clare, Gladwin, Isabella, Osceola and Roscommon counties.

A dagger indicates a Healthy 2020 Maternal, Infant and Child Health Objective.

A healthy weight for a woman prior to pregnancy is defined as a BMI of 18.5 to 24.9.
Low weight births are less than 2,500 grams.
Very low weight births are less than 1,500 grams.
Very preterm births are infants born prior to 32 completed weeks of gestation.
Late preterm births are infants born between 34 to 36 completed weeks of gestation.
Preterm births are infants born prior to 37 completed weeks of gestation.
Singleton birth is a single birth delivery.
Low-risk Cesarean births are singleton, full-term (37 weeks gestation or older), with vertex presentation that were delivered using a C-section.
Male/female ratio is the number of male resident live births divided by the female resident live births × 100.
Mothers who smoked while pregnant where those who had a history of smoking, but never quit, plus those who quit at some point between estimated conception and birth date.
Weight gain is considered low or excessive if it falls below or above the IOM recommended range of weight gain. See "Weight Gain During Pregnancy: Reexamining the Guidelines" for details.

Source: 2017 Michigan Geocoded Resident Birth files,
Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services .

Last updated: 12/20/2018