Pneumonia and Influenza Deaths and Death Rates
Central Michigan District Health Department District Residents, 1989-2017

Three-Year Moving AveragesGraph of Michigan and Central Michigan District Health Department
Year All Ages Age Under 50 Age 50 - 74 Age 75 and Older
Average
Age-Adjusted
Rate
Average
Age-Specific
Rate
Average
Age-Specific
Rate
Average
Age-Specific
Rate
2015-2017 36.7   14.4 2.8   1.0     11.0   17.7 6.0   24.7   161.5 36.8  
2014-2016 36.7   14.5 2.8   1.0     10.0   16.2 5.8   25.7   171.5 38.3  
2013-2015 30.3   12.1 2.5   1.0     8.3   13.6 5.3   21.0   142.1 35.1  
2012-2014 32.7   13.2 2.7   1.0     8.0   13.2 5.3   23.7   162.7 37.8  
2011-2013 36.3   15.1 2.9   1.7     9.7   16.1 5.9   25.0   174.8 39.6  
2010-2012 40.3   17.2 3.1   1.7     8.7   14.6 5.6   30.0   212.8 44.0  
2009-2011 40.0   17.1 3.1   2.3   2.0 1.5   12.7   21.7 6.9   25.0   179.6 40.6  
2008-2010 38.0   16.5 3.1   1.7     12.3   21.4 6.9   24.0   174.4 40.3  
2007-2009 35.3   15.4 3.0   1.7     13.0   22.9 7.2   20.7   152.3 37.9  
2006-2008 39.3   17.6 3.2   1.7     11.7   20.8 6.9   26.0   194.4 43.1  
2005-2007 41.0   18.9 3.4   2.7   2.1 1.5   10.7   19.4 6.7   27.7   210.9 45.4  
2004-2006 46.0   21.6 3.6   2.3   1.8 1.4   11.0   20.4 7.0   32.7   253.3 50.2  
2003-2005 46.7   22.3 3.7   2.7   2.1 1.5   12.3   23.4 7.5   31.7   248.6 50.0  
2002-2004 46.0   22.2 3.7   2.0   1.6 1.3   13.0   25.2 7.9   31.0   246.7 50.1  
2001-2003 43.3   21.7 3.8   2.3   1.8 1.4   11.3   22.5 7.6   29.7   240.7 50.0  
2000-2002 37.3   19.3 3.6   2.0   1.6 1.3   7.3   14.9 6.2   28.0   231.9 49.6  
1999-2001 32.3   17.2 3.4   1.7     4.3   9.0 4.9   26.3   222.8 49.1  
Note: The manner in which underlying cause of death is coded and classified was revised in 1999 to reflect changing medical opinion and practice. The comparability between classification schemes for this particular cause of death is lower (0.70), meaning that caution should be taken in drawing specific inferences from comparisons of mortality statistics over time.
1998-2000 38.0   20.1 3.7   1.3     6.7   14.2 6.2   30.0   259.4 53.6  
1997-1999 46.0   25.1 4.2   1.7     9.0   19.7 7.4   35.3   314.8 59.9  
1996-1998 57.7   32.4 4.9   2.0   1.6 1.3   13.0   29.4 9.2   42.7   392.3 68.0  
1995-1997 63.0   36.8 5.3   2.3   1.9 1.4   14.3   33.3 10.0   46.3   439.9 73.1  
1994-1996 65.3   38.9 5.5   2.0   1.6 1.3   17.3   41.3 11.2   46.0   450.5 75.2  
1993-1995 65.7   40.2 5.7   2.3   2.0 1.4   17.3   42.2 11.5   46.0   462.9 77.2  
1992-1994 60.3   37.7 5.6   2.0   1.7 1.4   15.3   38.3 11.1   43.0   444.4 76.7  
1991-1993 63.3   41.5 6.0   2.7   2.3 1.6   11.0   28.2 9.6   49.7   527.3 84.7  
1990-1992 65.3   44.5 6.3   2.0   1.8 1.4   10.0   26.3 9.4   53.3   585.9 90.8  
1989-1991 61.3   43.3 6.4   2.3   2.1 1.5   8.3   22.3 8.8   50.7   576.7 91.7  
1988-1990 53.0   38.6 6.1   1.3     7.7   20.9 8.5   44.0   520.0 88.7  
1987-1989 45.7   33.8 5.8   2.7   2.5 1.7   8.7   23.8 9.1   34.3   420.6 81.2  
1986-1988 49.3   37.6 6.2   3.3   3.1 1.9   10.0   27.6 9.9   36.0   456.8 86.2  
1985-1987 44.0   33.9 6.0   3.3   3.1 1.9   11.7   32.5 10.8   29.0   379.7 79.8  
1984-1986 40.0   30.9 5.7   4.0   3.7 2.1   11.0   30.7 10.5   25.0   335.9 76.0  
1983-1985 33.3   26.0 5.3   3.7   3.4 2.0   11.7   32.7 10.8   18.0   248.3 66.2  
1982-1984 32.7   26.5 5.4   3.7   3.4 2.0   10.7   30.0 10.4   18.3   261.1 69.0  
1981-1983 31.3   26.4 5.5   2.7   2.5 1.7   10.3   29.3 10.3   18.3   270.8 71.6  
1980-1982 27.7   23.8 5.3   2.7   2.5 1.7   9.0   25.8 9.7   16.0   246.5 69.7  
        


Five-Year Moving AveragesGraph of Michigan and Central Michigan District Health Department
Year All Ages Age Under 50 Age 50 - 74 Age 75 and Older
Average
Age-Adjusted
Rate
Average
Age-Specific
Rate
Average
Age-Specific
Rate
Average
Age-Specific
Rate
2013-2017 34.4   13.6 2.1   1.2   1.1 0.9   10.6   17.2 4.6   22.6   150.3 27.7  
2012-2016 34.6   13.9 2.1   1.0     9.0   14.7 4.3   24.6   166.9 29.5  
2011-2015 34.6   14.1 2.1   1.2   1.1 0.8   8.6   14.2 4.2   24.8   170.6 30.0  
2010-2014 36.6   15.2 2.2   1.6   1.4 1.0   9.2   15.3 4.4   25.8   179.9 31.1  
2009-2013 36.6   15.4 2.3   1.8   1.5 1.0   10.6   17.9 4.8   24.2   171.5 30.6  
2008-2012 39.2   16.8 2.4   1.6   1.4 0.9   11.0   18.8 5.0   26.6   191.1 32.5  
2007-2011 38.2   16.6 2.4   2.0   1.7 1.0   12.2   21.1 5.3   24.0   174.5 31.2  
2006-2010 38.4   16.9 2.4   1.8   1.5 1.0   11.8   20.8 5.3   24.8   182.9 32.2  
2005-2009 39.6   17.7 2.5   2.2   1.8 1.1   12.2   21.8 5.5   25.2   189.0 33.0  
2004-2008 41.8   19.2 2.6   2.0   1.6 1.0   11.2   20.4 5.3   28.6   217.7 35.7  
2003-2007 43.6   20.4 2.7   2.4   1.9 1.1   11.8   21.9 5.6   29.4   227.1 36.7  
2002-2006 46.0   21.9 2.9   2.4   1.9 1.1   12.2   23.1 5.8   31.4   246.6 38.6  
2001-2005 44.2   21.7 2.9   2.4   1.9 1.1   11.0   21.3 5.6   30.8   246.2 38.9  
2000-2004 41.4   20.7 2.8   2.0   1.6 1.0   9.8   19.4 5.4   29.6   240.2 38.7  
1999-2003 37.8   19.3 2.8   2.0   1.6 1.0   8.2   16.6 5.1   27.6   228.4 38.1  
Note: The manner in which underlying cause of death is coded and classified was revised in 1999 to reflect changing medical opinion and practice. The comparability between classification schemes for this particular cause of death is lower (0.70), meaning that caution should be taken in drawing specific inferences from comparisons of mortality statistics over time.
1998-2002 39.0   20.4 2.9   1.6   1.3 0.9   7.6   15.8 5.0   29.8   252.4 40.5  
1997-2001 41.4   22.3 3.1   1.8   1.4 0.9   7.4   15.8 5.1   32.2   279.6 43.2  
1996-2000 46.4   25.4 3.3   1.8   1.4 0.9   9.2   20.2 5.8   35.4   315.6 46.5  
1995-1999 54.4   30.6 3.7   1.8   1.4 0.9   11.8   26.6 6.8   40.8   375.0 51.5  
1994-1998 61.2   35.3 4.0   2.0   1.6 1.0   15.2   35.2 7.9   44.0   417.1 55.1  
1993-1997 63.0   37.6 4.2   2.4   2.0 1.1   15.6   37.1 8.2   45.0   439.4 57.4  
1992-1996 63.0   38.6 4.3   2.0   1.7 1.0   15.6   38.0 8.4   45.4   456.3 59.4  
1991-1995 64.6   40.9 4.5   2.4   2.0 1.2   14.0   34.9 8.2   48.2   498.3 62.9  
1990-1994 64.4   42.1 4.7   2.2   1.9 1.1   13.0   33.3 8.1   49.2   524.3 65.5  
1989-1993 60.6   41.0 4.7   2.2   1.9 1.1   10.2   26.7 7.3   48.2   530.0 66.9  
1988-1992 57.0   40.0 4.7   1.8   1.6 1.1   8.2   21.9 6.7   47.0   534.8 68.4  
1987-1991 55.6   40.4 4.8   2.6   2.4 1.3   9.0   24.4 7.1   44.0   519.1 68.6  
1986-1990 52.2   38.8 4.8   2.6   2.4 1.3   9.6   26.3 7.4   40.0   489.5 67.8  
1985-1989 44.2   33.5 4.5   2.6   2.4 1.3   9.2   25.4 7.3   32.4   409.7 63.1  
1984-1988 42.8   32.8 4.5   3.6   3.3 1.5   10.6   29.4 7.9   28.6   372.8 61.1  
1983-1987 40.4   31.4 4.5   4.0   3.7 1.6   12.0   33.5 8.5   24.4   327.8 58.2  
1982-1986 36.4   29.2 4.4   3.2   3.0 1.5   10.4   29.2 7.9   22.8   315.6 57.9  
1981-1985 32.0   25.9 4.1   3.2   3.0 1.5   10.8   30.4 8.1   18.0   257.0 53.1  
1980-1984 30.6   25.2 4.1   3.6   3.3 1.5   10.4   29.5 8.0   16.6   245.7 52.9  
        



Notes:

The underlying cause of death is the condition giving rise to the chain of events leading to death. Between January 1, 1979 and December 31, 1998, the underlying causes of death were classified in accordance with the Ninth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-9), a coding structure developed by the World Health Organization. Starting January 1, 1999, causes of death were classified using the Tenth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). With each revision there are differences in classifying the underlying cause of death. Therefore, health statistics based on one revision are not directly comparable to the other revision without the use of comparability ratios.

(See "Comparability of cause of death between ICD-9 and ICD-10: Preliminary estimates." National vital statistics reports; vol 49 no. 2. Hyattsville, Maryland: National Center for Health Statistics. 2001. )
Pneumonia and Influenza Deaths: Before 1999, deaths were classified with ICD-9 codes 480-487. Starting in 1999, deaths were classified using ICD-10 codes J09-J18 (J10-J18 1999-2008).

Pneumonia and Influenza Death Rates: Rates are per 100,000. Computed by the direct method, using as the standard population the age distribution of the total population of the United States for the year 2000. The true rate lies between the lower and upper bounds of the interval with 95% statistical confidence. If the confidence interval is large for a single year comparison, it is suggested that you use the three year and five year moving average rates.

Source:  1989 - 2017 Michigan Resident Death Files, Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services, Population Estimate (latest update 6/2018), National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Census Populations With Bridged Race Categories

Date Updated: December 7, 2018