Pneumonia and Influenza Deaths and Death Rates
Macomb County Residents, 1989-2018

Single YearGraph of Michigan and Macomb
Year All Ages Age Under 50 Age 50 - 74 Age 75 and Older
Number Age-Adjusted
Rate
Number Age-Specific
Rate
Number Age-Specific
Rate
Number Age-Specific
Rate
2018 173   15.0 2.3   5     55   20.1 5.3   113   177.0 32.6  
2017 165   14.6 2.3   8   1.5 1.0   47   17.3 4.9   110   178.4 33.3  
2016 147   13.5 2.2   9   1.7 1.1   41   15.3 4.7   97   159.7 31.8  
2015 157   13.9 2.2   4     31   11.7 4.1   122   202.6 36.0  
2014 162   14.7 2.3   5     38   14.7 4.7   119   198.5 35.7  
2013 171   16.0 2.4   7   1.3 1.0   50   19.8 5.5   114   191.6 35.2  
2012 136   12.7 2.2   3     31   12.6 4.4   102   171.8 33.3  
2011 149   14.0 2.3   5     32   13.4 4.6   112   189.0 35.0  
2010 123   12.2 2.2   8   1.5 1.0   27   11.6 4.4   88   148.7 31.1  
2009 123   12.1 2.2   5     35   15.5 5.1   83   141.6 30.5  
2008 125   12.4 2.2   7   1.2 0.9   27   12.3 4.7   91   155.3 31.9  
2007 102   10.4 2.0   7   1.2 0.9   18   8.5 3.9   77   131.6 29.4  
2006 114   12.1 2.2   7   1.2 0.9   18   8.8 4.0   89   153.1 31.8  
2005 137   14.8 2.5   4     25   12.5 4.9   108   189.9 35.8  
2004 125   13.7 2.4   2     18   9.2 4.3   105   187.2 35.8  
2003 139   15.6 2.6   6   1.1 0.8   19   10.0 4.5   114   206.2 37.9  
2002 170   19.8 3.0   11   1.9 1.1   37   19.9 6.4   122   225.1 39.9  
2001 180   21.5 3.1   9   1.6 1.0   27   14.8 5.6   144   271.4 44.3  
2000 138   16.9 2.8   5     22   12.3 5.1   111   213.4 39.7  
1999 174   21.5 3.2   4     30   17.0 6.1   140   275.2 45.6  
Note: The manner in which underlying cause of death is coded and classified was revised in 1999 to reflect changing medical opinion and practice. The comparability between classification schemes for this particular cause of death is lower (0.70), meaning that caution should be taken in drawing specific inferences from comparisons of mortality statistics over time.
1998 220   27.9 3.7   9   1.6 1.1   37   21.2 6.8   174   350.1 52.0  
1997 202   26.1 3.6   6   1.1 0.9   44   25.5 7.5   152   315.4 50.1  
1996 209   27.8 3.8   15   2.7 1.4   45   26.5 7.7   149   320.4 51.4  
1995 208   28.7 3.9   9   1.6 1.1   44   26.1 7.7   155   352.5 55.5  
1994 203   28.9 4.0   12   2.2 1.3   53   31.8 8.6   138   329.3 54.9  
1993 219   33.2 4.5   5     51   30.8 8.5   163   406.8 62.5  
1992 203   32.5 4.5   8   1.5 1.0   40   24.5 7.6   155   408.5 64.3  
1991 238   40.1 5.2   7   1.3 1.0   51   31.7 8.7   180   503.0 73.5  
1990 218   39.1 5.3   9   1.7 1.1   40   25.1 7.8   169   500.7 75.5  
1989 212   38.6 5.3   8   1.5 1.1   49   31.0 8.7   155   481.4 75.8  
1988 151   28.0 4.6   6   1.1 0.9   35   22.4 7.4   110   358.0 66.9  
1987 144   28.2 4.7   8   1.5 1.1   34   22.0 7.4   102   347.8 67.5  
1986 175   35.7 5.5   10   1.9 1.2   47   30.8 8.8   118   422.8 76.3  
1985 141   29.7 5.0   5     41   27.4 8.4   95   358.2 72.0  
1984 104   22.9 4.6   6   1.2 0.9   31   21.1 7.4   67   266.7 63.9  
1983 108   25.3 4.9   9   1.8 1.1   27   18.6 7.0   72   304.0 70.2  
1982 99   23.9 4.9   11   2.1 1.3   26   18.1 7.0   62   278.1 69.2  
1981 87   23.7 5.2   3     21   14.8 6.3   63   301.9 74.6  
1980 93   26.9 5.7   6   1.1 0.9   19   13.4 6.0   68   345.4 82.1  
        


Three-Year Moving AveragesGraph of Michigan and Macomb
Year All Ages Age Under 50 Age 50 - 74 Age 75 and Older
Average
Age-Adjusted
Rate
Average
Age-Specific
Rate
Average
Age-Specific
Rate
Average
Age-Specific
Rate
2016-2018 161.7   14.4 1.3   7.3   1.4 0.6   47.7   17.6 2.9   106.7   171.8 18.8  
2015-2017 156.3   14.0 1.3   7.0   1.3 0.6   39.7   14.8 2.7   109.7   180.2 19.5  
2014-2016 155.3   14.0 1.3   6.0   1.1 0.5   36.7   13.9 2.6   112.7   186.8 19.9  
2013-2015 163.3   14.8 1.3   5.3   1.0 0.5   39.7   15.3 2.8   118.3   197.6 20.6  
2012-2014 156.3   14.5 1.3   5.0   0.9 0.5   39.7   15.7 2.8   111.7   187.4 20.1  
2011-2013 152.0   14.3 1.3   5.0   0.9 0.5   37.7   15.3 2.8   109.3   184.2 19.9  
2010-2012 136.0   13.0 1.3   5.3   1.0 0.5   30.0   12.5 2.6   100.7   169.9 19.2  
2009-2011 131.7   12.8 1.3   6.0   1.1 0.5   31.3   13.5 2.7   94.3   159.9 18.6  
2008-2010 123.7   12.2 1.3   6.7   1.2 0.5   29.7   13.1 2.7   87.3   148.5 18.0  
2007-2009 116.7   11.7 1.2   6.3   1.1 0.5   26.7   12.2 2.7   83.7   142.8 17.7  
2006-2008 113.7   11.6 1.2   7.0   1.2 0.5   21.0   9.9 2.4   85.7   146.6 17.9  
2005-2007 117.7   12.4 1.3   6.0   1.1 0.5   20.3   9.9 2.5   91.3   157.9 18.7  
2004-2006 125.3   13.5 1.4   4.3   0.8 0.4   20.3   10.2 2.5   100.7   176.5 19.9  
2003-2005 133.7   14.7 1.4   4.0   0.7 0.4   20.7   10.6 2.6   109.0   194.4 21.1  
2002-2004 144.7   16.3 1.5   6.3   1.1 0.5   24.7   12.9 2.9   113.7   206.0 21.9  
2001-2003 163.0   18.9 1.7   8.7   1.5 0.6   27.7   14.8 3.2   126.7   233.8 23.5  
2000-2002 162.7   19.4 1.7   8.3   1.5 0.6   28.7   15.7 3.3   125.7   236.7 23.9  
1999-2001 164.0   20.0 1.8   6.0   1.1 0.5   26.3   14.7 3.2   131.7   253.3 25.0  
Note: The manner in which underlying cause of death is coded and classified was revised in 1999 to reflect changing medical opinion and practice. The comparability between classification schemes for this particular cause of death is lower (0.70), meaning that caution should be taken in drawing specific inferences from comparisons of mortality statistics over time.
1998-2000 177.3   22.0 1.9   6.0   1.1 0.5   29.7   16.8 3.5   141.7   278.5 26.5  
1997-1999 198.7   25.1 2.0   6.3   1.1 0.5   37.0   21.2 3.9   155.3   313.2 28.4  
1996-1998 210.3   27.3 2.1   10.0   1.8 0.6   42.0   24.4 4.3   158.3   328.9 29.6  
1995-1997 206.3   27.5 2.2   10.0   1.8 0.6   44.3   26.0 4.4   152.0   328.8 30.2  
1994-1996 206.7   28.5 2.3   12.0   2.2 0.7   47.3   28.1 4.6   147.3   333.8 31.1  
1993-1995 210.0   30.2 2.4   8.7   1.6 0.6   49.3   29.6 4.8   152.0   362.0 33.2  
1992-1994 208.3   31.4 2.5   8.3   1.5 0.6   48.0   29.1 4.8   152.0   380.2 34.9  
1991-1993 220.0   35.2 2.7   6.7   1.2 0.5   47.3   29.0 4.8   166.0   437.6 38.4  
1990-1992 219.7   37.1 2.9   8.0   1.5 0.6   43.7   27.1 4.6   168.0   468.9 40.9  
1989-1991 222.7   39.3 3.0   8.0   1.5 0.6   46.7   29.2 4.8   168.0   495.4 43.3  
1988-1990 193.7   35.4 2.9   7.7   1.5 0.6   41.3   26.2 4.6   144.7   448.9 42.2  
1987-1989 169.0   31.8 2.8   7.3   1.4 0.6   39.3   25.2 4.5   122.3   397.8 40.7  
1986-1988 156.7   30.5 2.8   8.0   1.5 0.6   38.7   25.0 4.6   110.0   375.2 40.5  
1985-1987 153.3   31.2 2.9   7.7   1.5 0.6   40.7   26.7 4.7   105.0   376.1 41.5  
1984-1986 140.0   29.6 2.9   7.0   1.4 0.6   39.7   26.5 4.8   93.3   352.0 41.2  
1983-1985 117.7   26.0 2.8   6.7   1.3 0.6   33.0   22.4 4.4   78.0   310.6 39.8  
1982-1984 103.7   24.0 2.8   8.7   1.7 0.6   28.0   19.3 4.1   67.0   282.7 39.1  
1981-1983 98.0   24.3 2.9   7.7   1.5 0.6   24.7   17.2 3.9   65.7   294.7 41.2  
1980-1982 93.0   24.7 3.0   6.7   1.3 0.6   22.0   15.4 3.7   64.3   307.1 43.3  
        


Five-Year Moving AveragesGraph of Michigan and Macomb
Year All Ages Age Under 50 Age 50 - 74 Age 75 and Older
Average
Age-Adjusted
Rate
Average
Age-Specific
Rate
Average
Age-Specific
Rate
Average
Age-Specific
Rate
2014-2018 160.8   14.3 1.0   6.2   1.1 0.4   42.4   15.9 2.1   112.2   183.1 15.2  
2013-2017 160.4   14.5 1.0   6.6   1.2 0.4   41.4   15.7 2.1   112.4   186.1 15.4  
2012-2016 154.6   14.2 1.0   5.6   1.0 0.4   38.2   14.8 2.1   110.8   184.8 15.4  
2011-2015 155.0   14.3 1.0   4.8   0.9 0.4   36.4   14.4 2.1   113.8   190.8 15.7  
2010-2014 148.2   14.0 1.0   5.6   1.0 0.4   35.6   14.5 2.1   107.0   180.0 15.3  
2009-2013 140.4   13.4 1.0   5.6   1.0 0.4   35.0   14.6 2.2   99.8   168.7 14.8  
2008-2012 131.2   12.7 1.0   5.6   1.0 0.4   30.4   13.1 2.1   95.2   161.4 14.5  
2007-2011 124.4   12.2 1.0   6.4   1.2 0.4   27.8   12.3 2.0   90.2   153.3 14.2  
2006-2010 117.4   11.8 1.0   6.8   1.2 0.4   25.0   11.4 2.0   85.6   146.1 13.8  
2005-2009 120.2   12.4 1.0   6.0   1.1 0.4   24.6   11.6 2.0   89.6   154.1 14.3  
2004-2008 120.6   12.7 1.0   5.4   1.0 0.4   21.2   10.3 2.0   94.0   163.1 14.7  
2003-2007 123.4   13.3 1.0   5.2   0.9 0.4   19.6   9.8 1.9   98.6   173.1 15.3  
2002-2006 137.0   15.1 1.1   6.0   1.1 0.4   23.4   12.0 2.2   107.6   191.8 16.2  
2001-2005 150.2   17.0 1.2   6.4   1.1 0.4   25.2   13.2 2.3   118.6   215.3 17.3  
2000-2004 150.4   17.4 1.2   6.6   1.2 0.4   24.6   13.2 2.3   119.2   220.2 17.7  
1999-2003 160.2   19.0 1.3   7.0   1.2 0.4   27.0   14.8 2.5   126.2   237.7 18.5  
Note: The manner in which underlying cause of death is coded and classified was revised in 1999 to reflect changing medical opinion and practice. The comparability between classification schemes for this particular cause of death is lower (0.70), meaning that caution should be taken in drawing specific inferences from comparisons of mortality statistics over time.
1998-2002 176.4   21.4 1.4   7.6   1.4 0.4   30.6   17.0 2.7   138.2   265.9 19.8  
1997-2001 182.8   22.7 1.5   6.6   1.2 0.4   32.0   18.1 2.8   144.2   284.0 20.7  
1996-2000 188.6   23.9 1.5   7.8   1.4 0.4   35.6   20.4 3.0   145.2   293.6 21.4  
1995-1999 202.6   26.3 1.6   8.6   1.6 0.5   40.0   23.2 3.2   154.0   321.8 22.7  
1994-1998 208.4   27.9 1.7   10.2   1.8 0.5   44.6   26.2 3.4   153.6   333.5 23.6  
1993-1997 208.2   28.8 1.8   9.4   1.7 0.5   47.4   28.1 3.6   151.4   343.1 24.4  
1992-1996 208.4   30.1 1.8   9.8   1.8 0.5   46.6   28.0 3.6   152.0   361.2 25.7  
1991-1995 214.2   32.4 2.0   8.2   1.5 0.5   47.8   29.0 3.7   158.2   396.1 27.6  
1990-1994 216.2   34.4 2.1   8.2   1.5 0.5   47.0   28.8 3.7   161.0   424.9 29.4  
1989-1993 218.0   36.5 2.2   7.4   1.4 0.4   46.2   28.6 3.7   164.4   457.3 31.3  
1988-1992 204.4   35.8 2.2   7.6   1.4 0.5   43.0   26.9 3.6   153.8   451.3 31.9  
1987-1991 192.6   35.1 2.3   7.6   1.4 0.5   41.8   26.5 3.6   143.2   442.5 32.4  
1986-1990 180.0   34.1 2.3   8.2   1.6 0.5   41.0   26.2 3.6   130.8   424.9 32.6  
1985-1989 164.6   32.1 2.3   7.4   1.4 0.5   41.2   26.7 3.6   116.0   395.4 32.2  
1984-1988 143.0   29.0 2.2   7.0   1.3 0.4   37.6   24.7 3.5   98.4   352.4 31.1  
1983-1987 134.4   28.5 2.2   7.6   1.5 0.5   36.0   24.0 3.5   90.8   342.5 31.5  
1982-1986 125.4   27.8 2.3   8.2   1.6 0.5   34.4   23.3 3.5   82.8   329.8 31.8  
1981-1985 107.8   25.2 2.2   6.8   1.3 0.4   29.2   20.1 3.3   71.8   303.0 31.3  
1980-1984 98.2   24.4 2.2   7.0   1.3 0.4   24.8   17.2 3.0   66.4   297.4 32.0  
        



Notes:

The underlying cause of death is the condition giving rise to the chain of events leading to death. Between January 1, 1979 and December 31, 1998, the underlying causes of death were classified in accordance with the Ninth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-9), a coding structure developed by the World Health Organization. Starting January 1, 1999, causes of death were classified using the Tenth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). With each revision there are differences in classifying the underlying cause of death. Therefore, health statistics based on one revision are not directly comparable to the other revision without the use of comparability ratios.

(See "Comparability of cause of death between ICD-9 and ICD-10: Preliminary estimates." National vital statistics reports; vol 49 no. 2. Hyattsville, Maryland: National Center for Health Statistics. 2001. )

Pneumonia and Influenza Deaths: Before 1999, deaths were classified with ICD-9 codes 480-487. Starting in 1999, deaths were classified using ICD-10 codes J09-J18 (J10-J18 1999-2008).

Pneumonia and Influenza Death Rates: Rates are per 100,000. Computed by the direct method, using as the standard population the age distribution of the total population of the United States for the year 2000. The true rate lies between the lower and upper bounds of the interval with 95% statistical confidence. If the confidence interval is large for a single year comparison, it is suggested that you use the three year and five year moving average rates.

Geocoded Residence: Between 2000 and 2018, the residence reported on the death certificate was recoded by geocoding the decedents' reported addresses of residence. As a result, counts of deaths by county may differ from previously published figures.

Source:  1989 - 2018 Michigan Resident Death Files. Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services, Population Estimate (latest update 7/2019), National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Census Populations With Bridged Race Categories

Date Updated: December 7, 2018