Table 9
Birth Defects by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2013,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth

Congenital Anomalies (740 - 759)

Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2013
200020012002200320042005
to
2013
200520062007200820092010201120122013
A Congenital Anomalies of the
Central Nervous System
6,783 492 520 527 503 550 4,191 543 564 493 477 433 422 423 433 403
  A01 Anencephalus 179 19 7 15 16 19 103 9 11 6 16 14 9 11 11 16
  A02 Spina Bifida w/o Anencephaly 724 46 68 45 49 60 456 63 68 58 64 39 50 47 44 23
  A03 Hydrocephalus w/o Spina Bifida 1,597 138 154 133 122 135 915 128 123 129 120 101 90 77 78 69
  A04 Encephalocele 175 16 12 13 14 14 106 22 13 13 11 10 4 9 15 9
  A05 Microcephalus 1,659 124 118 139 119 126 1,033 131 147 131 84 95 114 112 98 121
  A99 All Other CNS
Anomalies
3,697 228 258 274 286 300 2,351 303 306 257 280 248 226 249 272 210
   
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2013
200020012002200320042005
to
2013
200520062007200820092010201120122013
B Congenital Anomalies of the Eye 4,504 378 375 387 381 365 2,618 366 308 309 301 271 253 293 240 277
  B01 Anopthalmos/Micropthalmos 284 21 29 34 28 23 149 25 22 22 17 12 13 19 9 10
  B02 Congenital Cataract 391 39 33 38 37 31 213 38 20 27 30 14 27 30 16 11
  B03 Aniridia 47 4 3 2 5 6 27 5 2 4 3 - 4 3 3 3
  B99 All Other Congenital
Anomalies of the Eye
4,116 347 344 344 343 333 2,405 331 289 276 273 256 226 262 228 264
   
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2013
200020012002200320042005
to
2013
200520062007200820092010201120122013
C Congenital Anomalies of the
Ear, Face & Neck
2,772 220 235 244 216 200 1,657 254 192 172 200 152 172 173 162 180
  C01 Anotia/Microtia 228 22 21 20 24 19 122 14 14 14 15 12 18 17 12 6
  C99 All Other Congenital
Anomalies of the Ear,
Face & Neck
2,696 214 232 235 213 193 1,609 251 190 165 192 147 164 168 153 179
   

Table 9
Birth Defects by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2013,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
(Continued)

Congenital Anomalies (740 - 759)

Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2013
200020012002200320042005
to
2013
200520062007200820092010201120122013
D Congenital Anomalies of the
Heart & Circulatory System
31,780 2,127 2,283 2,386 2,384 2,571 20,029 2,620 2,731 2,394 2,368 2,002 1,917 1,996 2,123 1,878
  D01 Common Truncus 228 11 21 12 25 15 144 17 18 15 21 6 22 17 16 12
  D02 Transposition of Great
Vessels
886 68 59 65 57 61 576 84 73 66 61 64 67 53 60 48
  D03 Tetralogy of Fallot 933 75 68 70 81 56 583 69 75 62 79 49 70 72 61 46
  D04 Ventricular Septal Defect 7,135 541 533 558 541 551 4,411 592 572 527 546 410 431 446 511 376
  D05 Atrial Septal Defect 14,843 816 863 972 990 1,120 10,082 1,240 1,291 1,074 1,159 997 937 1,142 1,251 991
  D06 Endocardial Cushion Defect 948 65 74 75 87 77 570 71 81 64 67 53 59 65 67 43
  D07 Pulmonary Valve
Atresia & Stenosis
1,896 144 163 134 174 130 1,151 178 167 148 136 92 121 112 125 72
  D08 Tricuspid Valve
Atresia & Stenosis
250 17 29 26 22 10 146 23 11 19 22 11 18 16 16 10
  D09 Ebstein's Anomaly 235 35 47 37 18 10 88 13 11 7 12 7 9 9 13 7
  D10 Aortic Valve Stenosis 413 43 28 31 36 37 238 34 31 31 28 21 20 27 27 19
  D11 Hypoplastic Left Heart
Syndrome
733 46 68 56 55 53 455 63 48 54 49 56 36 43 59 47
  D12 Patent Ductus Arteriosis 9,459 559 653 666 758 754 6,069 824 874 721 756 595 586 680 639 394
  D13 Coarctation of Aorta 1,075 82 67 86 84 78 678 79 94 87 88 51 64 69 86 60
  D14 Pulmonary Artery Anomalies 3,054 252 295 298 279 246 1,684 301 306 251 249 226 195 118 20 18
  D99 All Other Congenital
Anomalies of the
Heart and Circulatory System
12,859 892 919 1,026 1,038 1,201 7,783 1,035 1,189 1,009 942 778 752 690 742 646
   
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2013
200020012002200320042005
to
2013
200520062007200820092010201120122013
E Congenital Anomalies of the
Respiratory System
8,627 539 613 615 760 681 5,419 745 1,042 870 481 390 461 465 532 433
  E01 Lung Agenesis/Hypoplasia 1,198 86 76 85 154 115 682 96 76 64 75 85 109 73 61 43
  E02 Choanal Atresia 298 20 28 29 18 20 183 24 18 16 17 20 23 19 21 25
  E99 All Other Congenital
Anomalies of the Respiratory
System
7,512 454 534 540 624 576 4,784 665 981 809 414 304 357 396 474 384
   
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2013
200020012002200320042005
to
2013
200520062007200820092010201120122013
F Cleft Palate & Cleft Lip 2,676 199 228 204 220 195 1,630 203 227 196 182 200 157 167 157 141
  F01 Cleft Palate 932 70 85 70 71 67 569 77 85 75 68 76 41 45 48 54
  F02 Cleft Lip w & w/o Cleft Palate 1,744 129 143 134 149 128 1,061 126 142 121 114 124 116 122 109 87
   

Table 9
Birth Defects by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2013,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
(Continued)

Congenital Anomalies (740 - 759)

Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2013
200020012002200320042005
to
2013
200520062007200820092010201120122013
G Congenital Anomalies
of the Upper Alimentary Canal/
Digestive System
9,309 773 825 774 656 690 5,591 680 798 689 684 613 521 541 560 505
  G01 Esophageal Atresia/
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
477 34 46 45 46 46 260 43 35 40 29 14 28 27 24 20
  G02 Rectal and Large Intestinal
Atresia/Stenosis
829 74 62 65 60 64 504 61 75 55 54 46 56 59 46 52
  G03 Pyloric Stenosis 2,943 253 307 260 207 203 1,713 195 234 207 237 217 155 156 176 136
  G04 Hirshsprung's Disease
(congenital megacolon)
541 44 50 42 41 42 322 36 38 34 35 24 48 42 33 32
  G05 Biliary Atresia 197 16 15 10 16 18 122 12 12 11 15 14 12 18 16 12
  G99 Other Cong. Anomalies
of Upper Alimentary Canal
/ Digestive System
4,944 405 390 402 339 369 3,039 383 444 381 359 332 261 291 307 281
   
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2013
200020012002200320042005
to
2013
200520062007200820092010201120122013
H Congenital Anomalies of the
Genital and Urinary Systems
23,716 2,040 1,880 1,868 1,837 1,856 14,235 1,984 1,997 1,789 1,497 1,198 1,158 1,546 1,567 1,499
  H01 Renal Agenesis/Hypoplasia 966 99 74 84 77 64 568 69 60 76 82 49 51 51 60 70
  H02 Bladder Exstrophy 51 3 10 6 5 2 25 6 4 1 3 3 2 1 - 5
  H03 Obstructive Genitourinary
Defects
3,876 263 287 295 301 300 2,430 325 308 292 274 200 200 270 306 255
  H04 Hypospadias &
Epispadias
5,444 452 394 404 390 374 3,430 475 337 364 432 345 344 442 356 335
  H99 All Other Congenital
Anomalies of the Genital
& Urinary Systems
19,358 1,675 1,558 1,542 1,544 1,584 11,455 1,632 1,744 1,522 1,134 905 866 1,172 1,287 1,193
   

Table 9
Birth Defects by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2013,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
(Continued)

Congenital Anomalies (740 - 759)

Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2013
200020012002200320042005
to
2013
200520062007200820092010201120122013
I Congenital Anomalies of the
Musculoskeletal System
29,064 2,095 2,261 2,287 2,132 1,975 18,314 2,262 2,455 2,296 1,664 1,386 1,738 1,908 2,324 2,281
  I01 Upper Limb
Reduction Deformities
429 40 35 35 34 27 258 27 27 36 36 26 30 31 22 23
  I02 Lower Limb
Reduction Deformities
320 23 29 26 24 25 193 29 29 21 18 23 18 17 24 14
  I03 Gastroschisis/Omphalocele 1,061 51 68 43 68 76 755 77 93 82 72 70 98 81 87 95
  I03a Omphalocele --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- 21 19 27 16
  I03b Gastroschisis --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- 60 55 42 38
  I03c Other & Unspecified
Abdominal Wall Anomalies
806 51 67 43 67 76 502 77 93 82 70 58 33 18 26 45
  I04 Congenital Hip Dislocation 2,033 199 215 206 168 147 1,098 119 164 100 145 138 117 133 108 74
  I05 Diaphragmatic Hernia 558 39 43 34 49 48 345 37 52 42 38 45 41 37 27 26
  I99 All Other
Congenital Anomalies of
the Musculoskeletal System
26,218 1,841 2,000 2,085 1,917 1,773 16,602 2,077 2,228 2,122 1,477 1,194 1,531 1,713 2,142 2,118
   
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2013
200020012002200320042005
to
2013
200520062007200820092010201120122013
J Congenital Anomalies
of the Integument
10,775 302 302 304 299 445 9,123 616 1,263 477 1,342 1,190 850 1,052 798 1,535
   
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2013
200020012002200320042005
to
2013
200520062007200820092010201120122013
K Chromosomal Anomalies 3,816 280 290 278 284 288 2,396 291 299 261 280 267 266 261 265 206
  K01 Trisomy 13 105 11 7 6 12 9 60 12 5 3 5 6 3 9 10 7
  K02 Down Syndrome 2,167 146 173 173 143 174 1,358 174 184 144 151 134 167 141 147 116
  K03 Trisomy 18 246 14 21 20 29 16 146 16 19 15 23 17 10 16 15 15
  K99 All Other
Chromosomal Anomalies
1,496 126 104 98 118 98 952 107 97 110 106 121 96 117 114 84
   
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2013
200020012002200320042005
to
2013
200520062007200820092010201120122013
L Other and Unspecified
Congenital Anomalies
12,903 626 754 644 707 637 9,535 601 466 370 227 178 1,868 1,796 1,989 2,040
   

Table 9
Birth Defects by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2013,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
(Continued)

Other Reportable Conditions

Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2013
200020012002200320042005
to
2013
200520062007200820092010201120122013
M Infectious Conditions
Occurring in the Perinatal
Period
4,959 626 754 644 707 637 1,591 165 201 136 246 182 198 213 145 105
  M01 Syphilis 197 22 29 16 30 3 97 14 13 4 16 19 3 5 8 15
  M02 Other Infections 2,440 170 180 218 187 191 1,494 151 188 132 230 163 195 208 137 90
   
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2013
200020012002200320042005
to
2013
200520062007200820092010201120122013
N Familial/Congenital
Neoplasms
184 15 14 13 15 11 116 19 19 16 15 5 8 13 11 10
   
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2013
200020012002200320042005
to
2013
200520062007200820092010201120122013
O Endocrine/Metabolic
Disorders
6,701 500 457 469 429 397 4,449 488 523 423 506 396 488 486 621 518
   
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2013
200020012002200320042005
to
2013
200520062007200820092010201120122013
P Diseases of the Blood
& Blood Forming Organs
3,956 245 221 259 260 242 2,729 311 293 249 285 234 308 346 358 345
   
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2013
200020012002200320042005
to
2013
200520062007200820092010201120122013
Q Other Diseases of the
Central and Peripheral
Nervous System
4,392 379 359 362 333 351 2,608 364 370 308 308 252 234 313 250 209
   
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2013
200020012002200320042005
to
2013
200520062007200820092010201120122013
R Other Diseases of the Eye 8,436 733 702 711 683 688 4,919 750 710 696 617 473 416 492 424 341
   
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2013
200020012002200320042005
to
2013
200520062007200820092010201120122013
S Hearing Deficiency 7,952 400 577 612 469 416 5,478 515 477 402 443 391 520 879 901 950
   
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2013
200020012002200320042005
to
2013
200520062007200820092010201120122013
T Other Diseases of the
Heart & Circulatory System
6,028 528 443 463 428 355 3,811 406 490 437 450 391 396 389 508 344
   

Table 9
Birth Defects by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2013,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
(Continued)

Other Reportable Conditions

Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2013
200020012002200320042005
to
2013
200520062007200820092010201120122013
U Other Diseases of the
Gastrointestinal System
10,440 899 946 840 810 784 6,161 849 793 753 716 507 582 609 700 652
   
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2013
200020012002200320042005
to
2013
200520062007200820092010201120122013
V Other Diseases of the
Genital and Urinary Systems
353 22 23 28 33 38 209 32 33 14 16 26 23 25 25 15
   
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2013
200020012002200320042005
to
2013
200520062007200820092010201120122013
W Other Fetal/Placental
Anomalies
118 - - 2 2 2 112 107 2 1 - - 1 1 - -
   
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2013
200020012002200320042005
to
2013
200520062007200820092010201120122013
X Other Musculoskeletal
System Diseases
31 2 1 3 7 1 17 1 1 3 1 1 2 5 2 1
   
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2013
200020012002200320042005
to
2013
200520062007200820092010201120122013
Y Maternal Exposures
Affecting Fetus
3,249 166 159 151 110 143 2,520 180 168 156 220 196 253 393 459 495
  Y01 Fetal Alcohol Syndrome 196 26 23 22 13 17 95 17 20 11 5 5 10 7 8 12
  Y99 Other Maternal Exposures
Affecting the Fetus
3,067 140 137 131 97 127 2,435 165 148 147 216 191 244 389 452 483
   
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2013
200020012002200320042005
to
2013
200520062007200820092010201120122013
One or More
Reportable Diagnosis 
143,822 10,118 10,506 10,223 9,743 9,795 93,437 11,009 11,633 9,821 9,566 7,984 9,599 10,643 11,340 11,842
   

Notes:
Frequencies include all children reported with a birth defect who were born in Michigan and whose mother was a resident at the time of birth. This enables the calculation of birth defect prevalence rates. Birth defect statistics sometimes reflect trends related to data reporting or new testing. See Data Quality Considerations for further details.
Columns do not add to summary group totals, nor column totals, due to cases with multiple diagnosed conditions that cross diagnostic groupings
Conditions are reportable if identified within the first two years of a child's life. The prevalence frequencies in this table represent cases diagnosed within the first year of life.
Diagnoses are coded using the 9th revision to the International Classification of Diseases - ICD 9 CM.  Diagnostic Code Groupings used for congenital anomaly codes are as used by the Centers for Disease Control. (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.)
Source: Michigan Birth Defects Registry, Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services
Reports Processed through January 10, 2016

Last Updated on August 1, 2016