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Table 9
Birth Defects by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2012,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth

Congenital Anomalies (740 - 759)

Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2012
200020012002200320042005
to
2012
20052006200720082009201020112012
A Congenital Anomalies of the
Central Nervous System
6,281 495 517 519 501 547 3,702 538 562 494 478 418 407 411 394
  A01 Anencephalus 185 21 7 15 18 20 104 12 14 8 18 15 10 15 12
  A02 Spina Bifida w/o Anencephaly 711 49 72 44 52 63 431 62 65 59 63 40 52 47 43
  A03 Hydrocephalus w/o Spina Bifida 1,485 136 151 131 119 132 816 125 123 127 119 97 82 73 70
  A04 Encephalocele 161 16 11 13 14 14 93 22 13 12 11 9 5 8 13
  A05 Microcephalus 1,506 124 117 137 119 127 882 130 143 132 87 94 109 106 81
  A99. All Other CNS
Anomalies
3,391 228 255 266 280 299 2,063 298 304 258 275 235 215 235 243
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2012
200020012002200320042005
to
2012
20052006200720082009201020112012
B Congenital Anomalies of the Eye 4,165 378 377 386 381 362 2,281 364 302 303 297 261 246 289 219
  B01 Anopthalmos/Micropthalmos 272 21 31 33 28 24 135 25 21 21 18 10 14 18 8
  B02 Congenital Cataract 368 39 33 38 37 30 191 38 20 23 30 14 27 25 14
  B03 Aniridia 44 4 3 2 5 6 24 5 2 4 3 - 4 3 3
  B99. All Other Congenital
Anomalies of the Eye
3,793 348 343 344 343 330 2,085 329 284 274 265 247 219 259 208
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2012
200020012002200320042005
to
2012
20052006200720082009201020112012
C Congenital Anomalies of the
Ear, Face and Neck
2,559 221 235 242 210 201 1,450 254 194 171 199 149 162 173 148
  C01 Anotia/Microtia 209 22 20 20 21 18 108 12 14 14 15 12 16 15 10
  C99. All Other Congenital
Anomalies of the Ear, Face and Neck
2,493 215 232 233 208 194 1,411 251 192 164 191 145 156 168 144

Table 9
Birth Defects by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2012,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
(Continued)

Congenital Anomalies (740 - 759)

Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2012
200020012002200320042005
to
2012
20052006200720082009201020112012
D Congenital Anomalies of the
Heart and Circulatory System
29,348 2,124 2,279 2,374 2,384 2,553 17,634 2,617 2,725 2,333 2,342 1,848 1,845 1,946 1,978
  D01 Common Truncus 216 11 21 13 25 15 131 17 18 15 21 7 21 18 14
  D02 Transposition of Great
Vessels
824 68 58 66 56 59 517 85 73 65 61 63 67 49 54
  D03 Tetralogy of Fallot 870 74 68 70 80 55 523 67 74 60 78 46 71 69 58
  D04 Ventricular Septal Defect 6,654 540 531 557 538 545 3,943 589 569 519 542 380 416 444 484
  D05 Atrial Septal Defect 13,515 814 861 967 983 1,114 8,776 1,239 1,285 1,043 1,140 915 900 1,103 1,151
  D06 Endocardial Cushion Defect 890 65 75 76 88 74 512 70 79 64 67 52 60 63 57
  D07 Pulmonary Valve
Atresia and Stenosis
1,765 142 163 133 171 128 1,028 177 165 143 133 84 116 100 110
  D08 Tricuspid Valve
Atresia and Stenosis
237 17 28 26 22 10 134 22 11 19 22 11 18 15 16
  D09 Ebstein's Anomaly 223 35 46 37 18 10 77 12 11 6 12 7 9 8 12
  D10 Aortic Valve Stenosis 379 42 27 31 35 35 209 34 30 31 27 20 19 25 23
  D11 Hypoplastic Left Heart
Syndrome
670 46 68 56 55 51 394 60 46 50 49 56 33 43 57
  D12 Patent Ductus Arteriosis 8,650 559 650 660 753 747 5,281 823 871 681 742 507 531 646 480
  D13 Coarctation of Aorta 1,014 82 68 87 87 77 613 79 95 87 87 52 62 68 83
  D14 Pulmonary Artery Anomalies 2,995 252 294 297 278 246 1,628 301 305 248 246 208 192 114 14
  D99. All Other Congenital
Anomalies of the
Heart and Circulatory System
12,096 894 928 1,027 1,048 1,203 6,996 1,036 1,199 1,005 945 747 733 672 659
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2012
200020012002200320042005
to
2012
20052006200720082009201020112012
E Congenital Anomalies of the
Respiratory System
7,994 537 609 611 754 678 4,805 741 1,038 862 470 341 444 442 467
  E01 Lung Agenesis/Hypoplasia 1,108 85 74 85 152 113 599 94 75 61 73 69 104 70 53
  E02 Choanal Atresia 262 20 28 29 18 20 147 23 18 16 17 17 21 17 18
  E99. All Other Congenital
Anomalies of the Respiratory
System
7,056 459 539 540 622 579 4,317 666 979 809 413 284 356 385 425
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2012
200020012002200320042005
to
2012
20052006200720082009201020112012
F Cleft Palate and Cleft Lip 2,514 200 228 203 217 192 1,474 200 223 197 182 206 160 162 144
  F01 Cleft Palate 882 72 85 72 70 65 518 74 82 77 69 87 45 44 40
  F02 Cleft Lip w and w/o Cleft Palate 1,632 128 143 131 147 127 956 126 141 120 113 119 115 118 104

Table 9
Birth Defects by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2012,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
(Continued)

Congenital Anomalies (740 - 759)

Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2012
200020012002200320042005
to
2012
20052006200720082009201020112012
G Congenital Anomalies of the Upper
Alimentary Canal/ Digestive System
8,483 774 823 777 667 694 4,748 681 808 693 658 526 461 480 441
  G01 Esophageal Atresia/
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
442 34 46 44 46 46 226 43 35 39 28 13 26 24 18
  G02 Rectal and Large Intestinal
Atresia/Stenosis
758 74 60 65 60 64 435 61 74 53 53 43 56 55 40
  G03 Pyloric Stenosis 2,701 253 307 260 207 202 1,472 195 234 200 226 165 127 155 170
  G04 Hirshsprung's Disease
(congenital megacolon)
492 43 50 42 41 41 275 35 37 34 34 23 45 41 26
  G05 Biliary Atresia 181 16 15 10 16 18 106 12 12 11 15 13 12 17 14
  G99. Other Cong. Anomalies
of Upper Alimentary Canal
/ Digestive System
4,492 408 390 407 355 379 2,553 385 458 396 345 299 227 233 210
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2012
200020012002200320042005
to
2012
20052006200720082009201020112012
H Congenital Anomalies of the
Genital and Urinary Systems
21,662 2,046 1,882 1,854 1,822 1,845 12,213 1,977 1,989 1,749 1,463 1,088 1,097 1,483 1,367
  H01 Renal Agenesis/Hypoplasia 886 99 74 84 78 63 488 69 59 76 79 49 53 50 53
  H02 Bladder Exstrophy 46 3 10 6 5 2 20 6 4 1 3 3 2 1 -
  H03 Obstructive Genitourinary
Defects
3,478 263 287 292 299 297 2,040 324 307 276 266 159 179 255 274
  H04 Hypospadias &
Epispadias
4,944 452 391 401 389 372 2,939 471 334 354 418 310 325 426 301
  H99. All Other Congenital
Anomalies of the Genital
& Urinary Systems
17,801 1,699 1,586 1,542 1,536 1,582 9,856 1,639 1,735 1,491 1,098 810 830 1,131 1,122

Table 9
Birth Defects by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2012,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
(Continued)

Congenital Anomalies (740 - 759)

Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2012
200020012002200320042005
to
2012
20052006200720082009201020112012
I Congenital Anomalies of the
Musculoskeletal System
26,540 2,106 2,272 2,300 2,137 1,982 15,743 2,269 2,462 2,283 1,645 1,323 1,701 1,879 2,181
  I01 Upper Limb Reduction Deformities 404 42 34 37 36 26 229 25 27 33 38 27 32 28 19
  I02 Lower Limb Reduction Deformities 317 23 29 26 25 27 187 31 31 21 19 25 20 19 21
  I03 Gastroschisis/Omphalocele 986 63 75 52 73 77 646 81 94 83 71 66 94 79 78
  I03a Omphalocele --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- 20 17 22
  I03b Gastroschisis --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- 53 51 36
  I03c Other and Unspecified Abdominal Wall Anomalies 806 63 74 52 72 77 468 81 94 83 67 55 42 19 27
  I04 Congenital Hip Dislocation 1,940 198 215 206 170 148 1,003 118 162 99 141 139 114 129 101
  I05 Diaphragmatic Hernia 511 39 43 33 48 46 302 37 52 40 37 38 39 36 23
  I99. All Other Congenital Anomalies of
the Musculoskeletal System
23,872 1,844 2,008 2,088 1,918 1,777 14,237 2,082 2,234 2,113 1,462 1,137 1,500 1,694 2,015
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2012
200020012002200320042005
to
2012
20052006200720082009201020112012
J Congenital Anomalies
of the Integument
9,140 307 310 308 298 446 7,471 618 1,264 476 1,349 1,154 830 1,049 731
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2012
200020012002200320042005
to
2012
20052006200720082009201020112012
K Chromosomal Anomalies 3,603 284 292 282 285 289 2,171 293 300 266 286 261 266 260 239
  K01 Trisomy 13 140 15 10 10 14 12 79 17 8 10 10 7 6 11 10
  K02 Down Syndrome 2,032 146 173 174 144 174 1,221 174 183 144 153 129 163 141 134
  K03 Trisomy 18 227 14 21 20 28 16 128 15 18 15 22 17 10 16 15
  K99. All Other Chromosomal Anomalies 1,399 128 104 99 118 98 852 106 97 112 109 117 98 114 99
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2012
200020012002200320042005
to
2012
20052006200720082009201020112012
L Other and Unspecified
Congenital Anomalies
11,028 627 756 645 707 634 7,659 598 467 366 220 168 1,895 1,880 2,065
   

Table 9
Birth Defects by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2012,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
(Continued)

Other Reportable Conditions

Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2012
200020012002200320042005
to
2012
20052006200720082009201020112012
M Infectious Conditions
Occurring in the Perinatal
Period
2,577 218 224 241 220 199 1,475 159 189 135 264 189 197 207 135
  M01 Syphilis 227 24 33 19 32 5 114 14 13 5 28 26 9 7 12
  M02 Other Infections 2,352 194 191 222 188 194 1,363 145 176 130 236 164 188 200 124
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2012
200020012002200320042005
to
2012
20052006200720082009201020112012
N Familial/Congenital
Neoplasms
171 19 16 15 15 10 96 16 16 15 14 5 8 12 10
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2012
200020012002200320042005
to
2012
20052006200720082009201020112012
O Endocrine/Metabolic
Disorders
6,444 531 511 512 452 414 4,024 515 545 447 542 416 516 501 542
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2012
200020012002200320042005
to
2012
20052006200720082009201020112012
P Diseases of the Blood
& Blood Forming Organs
3,596 247 229 264 263 246 2,347 321 298 250 294 230 315 334 305
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2012
200020012002200320042005
to
2012
20052006200720082009201020112012
Q Other Diseases of the
Central and Peripheral
Nervous System
3,907 370 360 353 332 331 2,161 352 359 291 271 218 208 269 193
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2012
200020012002200320042005
to
2012
20052006200720082009201020112012
R Other Diseases of the Eye 7,828 731 707 703 677 684 4,326 736 700 664 612 441 404 446 323
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2012
200020012002200320042005
to
2012
20052006200720082009201020112012
S Hearing Deficiency 6,668 397 571 620 464 408 4,208 498 456 384 418 381 505 819 747
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2012
200020012002200320042005
to
2012
20052006200720082009201020112012
T Other Diseases of the
Heart & Circulatory System
5,629 528 451 464 427 355 3,404 410 491 423 444 373 386 397 480

Table 9
Birth Defects by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2012,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
(Continued)

Other Reportable Conditions

Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2012
200020012002200320042005
to
2012
20052006200720082009201020112012
U Other Diseases of the
Gastrointestinal System
9,614 902 950 842 814 789 5,317 855 794 736 714 443 571 596 608
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2012
200020012002200320042005
to
2012
20052006200720082009201020112012
V Other Diseases of the
Genital and Urinary Systems
530 55 46 47 50 53 279 43 44 28 25 38 33 40 28
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2012
200020012002200320042005
to
2012
20052006200720082009201020112012
W Other Fetal/Placental
Anomalies
118 - - 2 2 2 112 107 2 1 - - 1 1 -
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2012
200020012002200320042005
to
2012
20052006200720082009201020112012
X Other Musculoskeletal
System Diseases
33 2 3 3 7 1 17 1 1 3 1 2 2 5 2
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2012
200020012002200320042005
to
2012
20052006200720082009201020112012
Y Maternal Exposures
Affecting Fetus
2,679 165 158 150 110 143 1,953 180 163 151 220 198 254 369 418
  Y01 Fetal Alcohol Syndrome 179 26 23 21 13 17 79 17 20 10 5 5 10 6 6
  Y99. Other Maternal Exposures
Affecting the Fetus
2,511 139 136 131 97 127 1,881 165 143 142 216 193 245 365 412
Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2012
200020012002200320042005
to
2012
20052006200720082009201020112012
One or More
Reportable Diagnosis 
130,058 10,108 10,494 10,205 9,728 9,773 79,750 11,002 11,591 9,689 9,449 7,545 9,319 10,421 10,734
   

Notes:
Frequencies include all children reported with a birth defect who were born in Michigan and whose mother was a resident at the time of birth. This enables the calculation of birth defect prevalence rates. Birth defect statistics sometimes reflect trends related to data reporting or new testing. See Data Quality Considerations for further details.
Columns do not add to summary group totals, nor column totals, due to cases with multiple diagnosed conditions that cross diagnostic groupings
Conditions are reportable if identified within the first two years of a child's life. The prevalence frequencies in this table represent cases diagnosed within the first year of life.
Diagnoses are coded using the 9th revision to the International Classification of Diseases - ICD 9 CM.  Diagnostic Code Groupings used for congenital anomaly codes are as used by the Centers for Disease Control. (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.)
Source: Michigan Birth Defects Registry, Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Community Health
Reports Processed through April 30, 2014

Last Updated on January 13, 2015


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