Communicable Disease Reporting in Michigan

Disease Reporting Lists for Download

Physicians, clinical laboratories, primary and secondary schools, childcare centers, and camps are required to report the occurrence or suspected occurrence of any disease, condition or infection as identified in the Michigan Communicable Disease Rules. In addition, all other health care providers are authorized to report to local health authorities. Together, they play a key role in state and local efforts to control communicable diseases. The public health system depends upon these reports of diseases to monitor the health of the community and to provide the basis for preventive action.

Why Report?

Health care providers are required to report communicable disease for several reasons. The most common reasons are listed as follows:

  1. To identify outbreaks and epidemics. If an unusual number of cases occur, local health authorities must investigate to control the spread of the disease.
  2. To enable preventive treatment and/or education to be provided.
  3. To help target prevention programs, identify care needs, and use scarce prevention resources efficiently.
  4. To evaluate the success of long term control efforts.
  5. To facilitate epidemiologic research to uncover a preventable cause.
  6. To assist with national and international disease surveillance efforts. For some diseases that are unusual in Michigan, we are part of a national network that the federal government depends on to determine whether national or international investigations are needed.
Accurate and complete disease reporting is essential to the community health.

What to Report?

To assist health care providers and other institutions in reporting, the Michigan Department of Community Health has prepared separate reporting lists for physicians, clinical laboratories, schools, childcare centers, and camps to provide a quick reference guide of reportable conditions, disease or infections. In addition, Michigan health care professionals and laboratories are also authorized to report any condition, disease, or infection judged by them to indicate that the health of the public is threatened.

A report must contain the following information:

To the extent that the information is readily available, a report of an unusual occurrence, outbreak, or epidemic of a disease, infection, or other condition shall include all of the following information:

How and Where to Report?

The presence or suspected presence of all reportable diseases, infections, and conditions are required to be reported to the appropriate local health department. The "appropriate local health department" means:

In some counties, the local health department where your facility is located desires to have all reports routed through them. Please contact your local health department for further information on the mechanism of reporting for your agency.