Number of Live Births by Maternal Risk Factors in Pregnancy
By Race and Ancestry of Mother,
Michigan Residents, 2016

Maternal Risk Factors Race Ancestry
All Races White Black American
Indian
Asian &
Pacific
Islander
All Other Races Hispanic Arab
Diabetes                
Prepregnancy 974 648 234 11 38 41 98 53
Gestational 5,963 4,526 718 41 490 167 461 379
Hypertension                
Prepregnancy 1,768 1,172 525 7 28 32 75 30
Gestational1 7,368 5,675 1,305 53 190 129 397 144
Previous Cesarean Delivery                
Yes 16,195 12,300 2,692 127 605 436 1,211 739
More than one 5,005 3,683 988 47 103 170 449 243
Previous preterm birth 3,389 2,395 791 27 88 85 262 142
Other previous poor outcome2 1,370 1,032 257 11 48 21 86 72
Vaginal bleeding during pregnancy 1,360 1,062 186 7 62 41 92 62
Pregnancy by infertility treatment 1,407 1,224 41 3 108 25 42 84
None of the above risks 80,083 58,181 15,965 449 3,170 2,117 5,470 3,591
Exposure to Tobacco 23,810 18,291 4,614 292 228 355 1,256 396
Mother smoked while pregnant3 18,144 14,257 3,293 249 104 219 843 128
Mother exposed to smokers at home 14,520 11,487 2,428 181 169 239 785 317
Mother ever smoked 20,860 16,564 3,575 273 152 271 1,043 169
Total Live Births 113,374 83,388 21,523 694 4,548 2,940 7,759 5,007

 

Notes: 1Gestational Hypertension includes pregnancy induced hypertension, preeclampsia and eclampsia.
2The category "Other previous poor outcome" includes perinatal deaths, small for gestation age births, or intrauterine growth-restricted births.
3Mothers who had a history of smoking, but never quit, plus those who quit at some point between estimated conception and birth date.

For information regarding alcohol consumption and other behaviorial risk factors, see Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring (PRAMS) at www.michigan.gov/prams.

Source:

2016 Michigan Resident Birth Files, Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services.