Number of Live Births by Maternal Risk Factors in Pregnancy
By Race and Ancestry of Mother,
Michigan Residents, 2017

Maternal Risk Factors Race Ancestry
All Races White Black American
Indian
Asian &
Pacific
Islander
All Other Races Hispanic Arab
Diabetes                
Prepregnancy 951 608 251 10 43 34 81 43
Gestational 6,293 4,644 818 51 556 194 464 446
Hypertension                
Prepregnancy 1,844 1,166 573 16 52 33 85 31
Gestational1 7,875 5,939 1,496 52 193 160 433 201
Previous Cesarean Delivery                
Yes 15,953 11,751 2,916 103 655 465 1,236 791
More than one 4,935 3,580 1,035 31 106 161 427 291
Previous preterm birth 3,482 2,372 902 27 86 81 225 142
Other previous poor outcome2 1,296 984 227 7 46 25 74 50
Vaginal bleeding during pregnancy 1,564 1,217 210 9 83 44 102 92
Pregnancy by infertility treatment 1,425 1,257 52 4 89 19 30 96
None of the above risks 77,674 55,978 15,770 424 3,204 2,017 5,328 3,767
Exposure to Tobacco 22,211 16,924 4,407 282 211 318 1,189 417
Mother smoked while pregnant3 17,077 13,332 3,143 242 93 208 863 135
Mother exposed to smokers at home 13,449 10,599 2,291 168 156 198 727 340
Mother ever smoked 19,717 15,549 3,440 263 138 259 1,030 179
Total Live Births 111,507 80,967 21,897 643 4,675 2,904 7,639 5,315

 

Notes: 1Gestational Hypertension includes pregnancy induced hypertension, preeclampsia and eclampsia.
2The category "Other previous poor outcome" includes perinatal deaths, small for gestation age births, or intrauterine growth-restricted births.
3Mothers who had a history of smoking, but never quit, plus those who quit at some point between estimated conception and birth date.

For information regarding alcohol consumption and other behaviorial risk factors, see Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring (PRAMS) at www.michigan.gov/prams.

Source:

2017 Michigan Resident Birth Files, Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services.