Number of Live Births by Maternal Risk Factors in Pregnancy
By Race and Ancestry of Mother,
Michigan Residents, 2015

Maternal Risk Factors Race Ancestry
All Races White Black American
Indian
Asian &
Pacific
Islander
All Other Races Hispanic Arab
Diabetes                
Prepregnancy 869 570 219 12 33 34 77 25
Gestational 5,790 4,350 728 33 426 242 417 353
Hypertension                
Prepregnancy 1,598 991 532 12 32 29 77 25
Gestational1 6,723 5,270 1,108 41 157 140 350 133
Previous Cesarean Delivery                
Yes 16,044 12,178 2,614 90 564 562 1,159 781
More than one 4,748 3,524 912 38 73 192 397 268
Previous preterm birth 3,295 2,291 808 13 80 87 239 129
Other previous poor outcome2 1,734 1,269 333 15 64 49 90 116
Vaginal bleeding during pregnancy 1,322 1,040 165 10 56 46 73 62
Pregnancy by infertility treatment 1,302 1,161 31 1 88 21 34 98
None of the above risks 80,123 57,815 16,048 429 2,649 3,018 5,623 3,467
Exposure to Tobacco 25,208 19,324 4,870 306 224 453 1,303 402
Mother smoked while pregnant3 18,444 14,564 3,319 247 62 231 842 118
Mother exposed to smokers at home 16,037 12,551 2,748 193 194 330 837 333
Mother ever smoked 22,150 17,636 3,792 283 115 294 1,085 168
Total Live Births 113,211 82,938 21,457 631 3,888 4,064 7,768 4,872

 

Notes: 1Gestational Hypertension includes pregnancy induced hypertension, preeclampsia and eclampsia.
2The category "Other previous poor outcome" includes perinatal deaths, small for gestation age births, or intrauterine growth-restricted births.
3Mothers who had a history of smoking, but never quit, plus those who quit at some point between estimated conception and birth date.

For information regarding alcohol consumption and other behaviorial risk factors, see Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring (PRAMS) at www.michigan.gov/prams.

Source:

2015 Michigan Resident Birth Files, Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services.