Percent of Live Births by Method of Delivery and Obstetric Procedures
By Race and Ancestry of Mother,
Michigan Residents, 2016

Method of Delivery or
Obstetric Procedures
Race Ancestry
All Races White Black American
Indian
Asian &
Pacific
Islander
All Other Races Hispanic Arab
Method of Delivery
               
Fetal presentation at birth                
Cephalic 93.8 93.8 93.3 94.7 94.4 94.5 95.0 93.9
Breech 3.9 4.1 2.9 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.5 4.5
Other 1.7 1.3 3.4 0.9 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.5
Final route and method of delivery                
Vaginal/Spontaneous 65.3 65.6 65.2 59.2 61.1 67.8 67.4 66.8
Vaginal/Forceps 0.5 0.5 0.3 * 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.5
Vaginal/Vacuum 2.3 2.3 1.8 1.7 3.6 1.3 1.5 3.7
Cesarean 31.9 31.6 32.7 38.5 34.6 30.3 30.7 29.0
Cesarean/trial of labor attempted 9.7 8.7 13.3 10.4 13.0 9.3 8.6 8.7
Obstetric Procedures
               
Cervical cerclage 0.5 0.4 1.3 * 0.5 * 0.4 0.2
Tocolysis 0.4 0.4 0.4 1.2 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.6
External Cephalic Version 0.2 0.2 0.0 * 0.1 * 0.1 0.3
Successful1 42.1 42.6 * - * * * *
Failure 57.9 57.4 * * * * 70.0 61.5

 

Notes: 1The percent of successful External Cephalic Version is the number of successful ECVs per 100 live births to women with an attempted ECV in specified group.
Source:

2016 Michigan Resident Birth Files, Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services.