Rates of Years of Potential Life Lost Below Age 75
By Sex and Poverty Census Tract
Michigan 2009

Due to Leading Causes of YPLL1

Cause of Death Person Died in Census Tracts with Poverty Level
Total 0.0 - 4.9 5.0 -9.9 10.0 - 19.9 20.0-100.0
Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female
All Causes7,444.89,185.15,717.45,313.66,537.24,108.47,075.38,557.65,588.48,989.911,102.16,861.411,432.414,559.38,429.0
1. Malignant neoplasms1,665.61,733.41,598.51,448.71,462.61,434.91,702.11,732.71,671.61,831.21,972.41,688.91,800.51,961.11,646.3
2. Diseases of heart1,237.21,707.8770.9797.51,179.8420.91,160.11,637.1684.81,553.92,064.31,039.52,107.92,704.81,534.6
3. Accidents956.01,332.4583.0616.4897.1339.9975.71,355.9596.91,184.71,606.2759.91,386.21,921.0872.6
4. Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period380.4438.5319.6218.5245.7191.7297.1316.7267.4486.2553.2418.7860.21,094.5634.9
5. Intentional self-harm (suicide)350.1548.7153.3336.6517.3158.6360.8565.4156.9402.2645.5157.1272.3433.3117.6
6. Assault (homicide)293.9486.3103.378.5119.837.8146.1222.170.4406.1710.899.01,104.41,859.4379.2
7. Chronic lower respiratory diseases224.5234.8214.2140.0162.4117.8213.2224.9201.5334.9308.8361.3300.9327.2275.6
8. Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities199.7215.5184.1163.4161.9164.9192.2239.7144.9234.1255.8212.3252.2222.7280.4
9. Diabetes mellitus188.7217.0160.8117.2142.192.7185.2217.5153.0251.5271.1231.9289.5325.6254.8
10. Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis186.8250.6123.6129.6173.486.4186.2239.9132.7215.0281.3148.2280.4402.8162.8
11. Cerebrovascular diseases170.3188.3152.5110.3114.3106.3170.5191.6149.5212.4237.9186.8269.7303.8236.9
12. Influenza and pneumonia95.3100.989.773.382.564.296.591.1101.9103.8120.686.9133.5131.7135.3
13. Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis78.790.467.248.752.844.667.772.463.0105.9134.677.0149.0172.0126.8
14. Septicemia74.983.266.742.951.035.058.360.156.597.7100.395.0168.1204.3133.1
15. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease36.256.116.4***15.1**44.477.1*148.7220.0*
All Other Causes1,306.51,501.21,113.6980.71,156.1807.81,248.61,367.81,129.81,525.81,762.41,287.51,909.22,274.61,558.1

Due to Certain Cancers, Firearm, Drug and Alcohol-related Deaths2

Cause of Death Person Died in Census Tracts with Poverty Level
Total 0.0 - 4.9 5.0 -9.9 10.0 - 19.9 20.0-100.0
Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female
1. Drug-induced deaths595.2771.5420.5462.9652.2276.3601.3750.7452.4712.9901.0523.3738.5932.5552.2
2. Malignant neoplasms of trachea, bronchus and lung463.8522.6405.5349.4386.2313.2500.9528.9473.0567.4652.0482.2496.8635.3363.9
3. Injury by firearms389.9689.093.6202.8342.465.2262.5457.468.4508.2937.076.01,060.71,888.8265.4
4. Alcohol-induced deaths198.2287.1110.1135.5182.289.4184.4256.2112.8245.2359.1130.3302.1490.7121.0
5. Malignant neoplasm of breast154.8*304.1153.1*300.0150.1*295.3151.7*301.4171.7*332.4
6. Malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue153.8192.2115.6137.9178.098.4150.1182.9117.4181.6229.5133.4149.3184.0115.9
7. Malignant neoplasms of colon, rectum and anus131.5148.5114.6114.8126.0103.8138.2144.4132.1127.7154.1101.0158.2200.5117.6

Note: The years of potential life lost (YPLL) below age 75 is a measure of mortality designed to emphasize mortality which is prevalent among persons under age 75. The number of years of potential life lost is calculated as the number of years between the age at death and 75 years of age for persons dying before their 75th year.

Rates are per 100,000 population under 75 years of age.

1 The causes of death are listed in order of the 15 leading causes of YPLL for Michigan residents in 2009.
2 The causes of death are calculated using ICD-10 groupings that are subsets or combinations of leading cause of death groupings.

Data displayed are by the underlying cause of death which is the condition giving rise to the chain of events leading to death. Causes of death are classified in accordance with the Tenth Revision of the International Classifications of Diseases (ICD-10), a coding structure developed by the World Health Organization. This revision has been used to classify deaths occurring on or after January 1, 1999. The ICD-10 codes are grouped into broader categories for the causes listed in this table in order to classify these selected causes of death (e.g., ICD-10 codes C00-C97 are used to indicate deaths due to cancer).

Death records with poverty census tract/sex not stated are included only in the "Total" column.

*:  An asterisk (*) indicates that the data do not meet standards of reliability or precision.
-:  A dash indicates a zero value.

Source: 2009 Geocoded Michigan Death Certificate Registry.   Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services

Census tract population poverty was estimated using methods recommended from the Public Health Disparities Geocoding Project. In particular, the DVRHS linked annual PopStats population estimates to the 2000 US Census census tract poverty percents to estimate census tract poverty for the current year(s). The data was proportionally fitted to the CDC Bridged Population Estimates.

Poverty estimates are unknown for some census tracts. These tracts tend to be comprised of institutional populations with age groups between 15-34. For this reason, population among census tract poverty groups does not sum to the total (the CDC bridged estimated total).

Last Updated: 3/17/2017