Table 17
Mortality Rates of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2013,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Moving Three-year Mortality Rates

Congenital Anomalies (740 - 759)

  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
A. Congenital Anomalies of the
Central Nervous System
130.6 132.3 133.5 129.7 120.7 118.8 118.0 114.8 100.6 83.7 82.9 80.2
  A01. Anencephalus 780.5 631.6 600.0 522.7 564.1 500.0 484.8 500.0 512.8 500.0 516.1 631.6
  A02. Spina Bifida w/o Anencephaly 69.2 67.9 58.4 81.4 62.8 58.2 36.8 49.7 52.3 51.5 * *
  A03. Hydrocephalus w/o Spina Bifida 136.5 151.6 153.8 176.6 178.8 186.8 177.4 162.9 135.0 108.2 102.0 116.1
  A04. Encephalocele * 179.5 146.3 200.0 142.9 187.5 216.2 235.3 240.0 * * *
  A05. Microcephalus 136.5 146.3 148.4 122.3 118.8 132.0 140.9 135.5 102.4 84.1 74.1 54.4
  A99. All Other CNS
Anomalies
123.7 129.6 126.7 127.1 112.2 120.1 112.7 105.7 86.2 76.1 84.3 68.4
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
B. Congenital Anomalies of the Eye 38.6 40.2 43.2 40.5 41.4 37.6 34.9 31.8 29.1 25.7 25.4 19.8
  B01. Anopthalmos/Micropthalmos 178.6 186.8 200.0 184.2 185.7 188.4 213.1 235.3 190.5 136.4 * *
  B02. Congenital Cataract 54.5 83.3 66.0 75.5 78.7 94.1 77.9 * * * * *
  B03. Aniridia - - - * * * - - - - - *
  B99. All Other Congenital
Anomalies of the Eye
31.9 30.1 33.3 30.8 35.7 30.1 28.6 22.4 21.2 17.5 18.2 13.3
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
C. Congenital Anomalies of the
Ear, Face & Neck
35.8 36.0 34.8 43.3 38.7 42.1 37.2 45.8 40.1 32.2 27.6 17.5
  C01. Anotia/Microtia * * * * * * * * * * * *
  C99. All Other Congenital
Anomalies of the Ear,
Face & Neck
35.2 36.8 34.3 42.6 37.9 42.9 36.6 43.7 35.8 27.1 24.7 16.0

Table 17
Mortality Rates of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2013,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Moving Three-year Mortality Rates
(Continued)

Congenital Anomalies (740 - 759)

  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
D. Congenital Anomalies of the
Heart & Circulatory System
65.5 65.5 62.8 61.5 54.0 53.8 56.2 62.5 61.7 56.6 51.5 51.9
  D01. Common Truncus 136.4 172.4 153.8 140.4 120.0 180.0 240.7 238.1 204.1 155.6 163.6 155.6
  D02. Transposition of Great
Vessels
125.0 105.0 142.1 133.7 133.0 130.0 135.0 125.7 119.8 119.6 127.8 93.2
  D03. Tetralogy of Fallot 112.7 100.5 106.3 131.1 120.0 97.1 111.1 136.8 131.3 94.2 78.8 78.2
  D04. Ventricular Septal Defect 61.9 60.7 66.7 59.4 52.5 47.3 58.4 61.4 59.8 45.1 41.8 33.0
  D05. Atrial Septal Defect 54.7 58.1 54.5 50.1 40.8 44.9 51.4 55.1 50.1 41.0 39.3 35.8
  D06. Endocardial Cushion Defect 126.2 114.4 125.5 166.0 157.2 157.4 146.2 163.0 145.3 113.0 78.5 85.7
  D07. Pulmonary Valve
Atresia & Stenosis
63.5 67.9 70.8 87.1 82.1 75.1 73.2 63.8 60.2 46.2 61.5 71.2
  D08. Tricuspid Valve
Atresia & Stenosis
138.9 90.9 * * * 113.2 173.1 153.8 137.3 133.3 * *
  D09. Ebstein's Anomaly 151.3 98.0 * * * * * 230.8 250.0 320.0 225.8 206.9
  D10. Aortic Valve Stenosis 117.6 105.3 57.7 84.1 88.2 93.8 77.8 87.5 101.4 88.2 135.1 123.3
  D11. Hypoplastic Left Heart
Syndrome
294.1 262.6 256.1 245.6 231.7 242.4 291.4 333.3 326.2 274.1 210.1 268.5
  D12. Patent Ductus Arteriosis 76.7 77.0 80.3 85.6 73.0 77.3 85.1 86.4 83.1 68.2 70.3 66.0
  D13. Coarctation of Aorta 106.4 92.8 104.8 103.7 123.5 123.1 126.4 110.6 83.7 92.4 100.5 102.3
  D14. Pulmonary Artery Anomalies 65.1 56.2 54.7 63.0 46.9 53.6 57.1 74.4 64.2 48.2 42.0 38.5
  D99. All Other Congenital
Anomalies of the
Heart and Circulatory System
93.4 90.2 84.5 81.9 73.0 71.5 72.3 87.6 93.4 97.3 92.5 97.2
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
E. Congenital Anomalies of the
Respiratory System
100.7 94.1 96.8 94.7 77.8 69.3 63.1 77.5 90.1 83.6 70.0 65.7
  E01. Lung Agenesis/Hypoplasia 372.5 327.0 313.6 306.8 306.6 317.8 251.2 223.2 197.0 213.5 234.6 293.8
  E02. Choanal Atresia 77.9 * * * * * * * * * 95.2 107.7
  E99. All Other Congenital
Anomalies of the Respiratory
System
60.9 55.4 57.5 56.8 49.1 45.2 45.4 58.3 63.3 48.2 32.6 31.1
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
F. Cleft Palate & Cleft Lip 55.5 66.0 71.1 61.5 56.0 55.9 59.5 69.2 59.4 59.2 54.1 51.6
  F01. Cleft Palate 80.0 92.9 76.9 55.8 48.0 54.9 65.8 77.6 81.1 86.4 74.6 61.2
  F02. Cleft Lip w & w/o Cleft Palate 41.9 51.6 68.1 64.5 60.6 56.6 55.7 64.1 48.0 47.0 46.1 47.2

Table 17
Mortality Rates of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2013,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Moving Three-year Mortality Rates
(Continued)

Congenital Anomalies (740 - 759)

  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
G. Congenital Anomalies
of the Upper Alimentary Canal/
Digestive System
56.1 63.0 69.3 72.1 63.7 57.7 57.6 58.4 49.0 43.0 37.6 38.6
  G01. Esophageal Atresia/
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
104.0 124.1 124.1 133.3 96.8 84.7 105.8 132.5 112.7 101.4 88.6 126.8
  G02. Rectal and Large Intestinal
Atresia/Stenosis
39.8 64.2 95.2 124.3 95.0 73.3 65.2 83.9 70.5 49.7 55.9 63.7
  G03. Pyloric Stenosis 12.2 12.9 9.0 9.9 * * * * * * * *
  G04. Hirshsprung's Disease
(congenital megacolon)
* 45.1 * * * * * * * * * *
  G05. Biliary Atresia 146.3 146.3 159.1 152.2 190.5 200.0 * 150.0 * * * *
  G99. Other Cong. Anomalies
of Upper Alimentary Canal
/ Digestive System
85.2 92.0 97.3 98.1 86.1 81.1 81.1 83.0 68.3 60.0 46.6 44.4
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
H. Congenital Anomalies of the
Genital and Urinary Systems
25.7 30.3 33.3 32.9 27.8 25.6 27.3 33.5 35.6 32.5 26.2 22.8
  H01. Renal Agenesis/Hypoplasia 140.1 191.5 213.3 190.5 129.5 126.8 133.0 173.9 164.8 165.6 129.6 138.1
  H02. Bladder Exstrophy - - - * * * - - * * * -
  H03. Obstructive Genitourinary
Defects
29.6 31.7 45.8 42.1 38.6 29.2 36.6 47.0 56.4 47.8 30.9 26.5
  H04. Hypospadias &
Epispadias
17.6 19.4 18.0 18.6 17.7 16.2 16.8 14.9 12.5 8.0 8.8 6.2
  H99. All Other Congenital
Anomalies of the Genital
& Urinary Systems
23.2 26.5 30.4 30.3 26.6 24.1 25.7 31.5 35.8 34.7 27.1 21.9

Table 17
Mortality Rates of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2013,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Moving Three-year Mortality Rates
(Continued)

Congenital Anomalies (740 - 759)

  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
I. Congenital Anomalies of the
Musculoskeletal System
26.8 25.9 28.0 31.7 29.0 27.1 25.7 29.6 29.2 26.0 20.6 17.0
  I01. Upper Limb
Reduction Deformities
81.8 57.7 * 68.2 86.4 66.7 60.6 71.4 * * * *
  I02. Lower Limb
Reduction Deformities
* * * * 72.3 75.9 88.2 96.8 * * * *
  I03. Gastroschisis/Omphalocele 92.6 111.7 90.9 90.5 81.3 99.2 97.2 102.7 100.0 96.4 97.7 76.0
  I03a. Omphalocele --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- 179.1 161.3
  I03b. Gastroschisis --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- 63.7 44.4
  I03c. Other & Unspecified
Abdominal Wall Anomalies
93.2 107.3 86.0 86.4 81.3 99.2 89.8 90.5 93.2 119.3 142.9 101.1
  I04. Congenital Hip Dislocation 16.1 13.6 11.5 * 16.3 18.3 14.7 * * * * *
  I05. Diaphragmatic Hernia 120.7 142.9 167.9 179.1 153.3 183.2 166.7 184.0 153.2 146.3 171.4 233.3
  I99. All Other
Congenital Anomalies of
the Musculoskeletal System
24.6 22.5 25.3 28.3 26.3 23.0 22.0 25.5 25.0 21.6 15.6 12.4
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
J. Congenital Anomalies
of the Integument
28.6 23.2 13.4 10.3 8.2 8.9 6.2 6.0 5.3 6.5 5.6 5.6
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
K. Chromosomal Anomalies 148.6 139.7 143.5 150.6 131.0 112.8 103.6 116.3 116.9 115.9 101.0 110.7
  K01. Trisomy 13 583.3 640.0 703.7 636.4 615.4 550.0 692.3 714.3 642.9 666.7 681.8 730.8
  K02. Down Syndrome 95.5 94.1 89.8 93.7 69.5 55.8 56.4 74.6 75.2 56.6 35.2 44.6
  K03. Trisomy 18 600.0 471.4 430.8 409.8 529.4 500.0 491.2 472.7 460.0 558.1 536.6 521.7
  K99. All Other
Chromosomal Anomalies
128.0 118.8 133.8 157.9 145.7 133.8 86.3 92.0 102.2 125.7 122.3 120.6
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
L. Other and Unspecified
Congenital Anomalies
83.0 81.2 95.1 95.1 93.9 86.3 104.4 134.2 50.2 32.8 25.3 24.0

Table 17
Mortality Rates of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2013,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Moving Three-year Mortality Rates
(Continued)

Other Reportable Conditions

  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
M. Infectious Conditions
Occurring in the Perinatal
Period
21.7 24.2 21.6 27.2 33.9 63.7 58.3 72.7 62.3 67.5 46.8 51.8
  M01. Syphilis * * * * * * * * * * - -
  M02. Other Infections 75.7 85.5 70.5 75.6 62.3 63.7 60.0 74.3 64.6 68.9 48.1 55.2
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
N. Familial/Congenital
Neoplasms
- - - - - * * * - - - -
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
O. Endocrine/Metabolic
Disorders
61.7 68.6 67.2 67.7 61.1 55.8 55.8 57.4 56.1 54.0 50.2 41.8
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
P. Diseases of the Blood
& Blood Forming Organs
74.5 73.0 60.4 70.1 68.6 63.3 56.8 63.8 72.6 65.3 50.4 41.9
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
Q. Other Diseases of the
Central and Peripheral
Nervous System
100.9 92.0 93.7 96.4 94.9 103.6 90.3 87.6 63.0 67.6 56.5 53.1
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
R. Other Diseases of the Eye 51.7 46.3 49.5 51.9 50.3 49.6 49.9 48.7 38.5 27.5 18.8 12.7
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
S. Hearing Deficiency 25.8 24.7 30.1 35.7 32.0 28.0 19.7 21.8 18.5 14.5 10.0 6.2
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
T. Other Diseases of the
Heart & Circulatory System
97.6 90.0 97.1 97.6 100.7 109.5 111.1 112.7 92.2 91.8 79.7 71.7

Table 17
Mortality Rates of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 2000-2013,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Moving Three-year Mortality Rates
(Continued)

Other Reportable Conditions

  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
U. Other Diseases of the
Gastrointestinal System
37.6 38.1 39.4 39.3 36.7 33.8 36.7 44.0 52.1 51.8 41.8 32.1
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
V. Other Diseases of the
Genital and Urinary Systems
* * * * * * * * - - * *
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
W. Other Fetal/Placental
Anomalies
- - - * * * - - - - - -
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
X. Other Musculoskeletal
System Diseases
- - - - - - - - - - - -
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
Y. Maternal Exposures
Affecting Fetus
23.1 28.6 32.2 30.0 22.4 23.8 29.4 35.0 29.9 23.8 21.7 23.0
  Y01. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome * * * * * - - - - - - *
  Y99. Other Maternal Exposures
Affecting the Fetus
24.5 27.4 28.2 28.3 22.7 26.1 31.3 36.1 30.7 24.3 22.1 22.7
  Diagnostic Grouping2000
to
2002
2001
to
2003
2002
to
2004
2003
to
2005
2004
to
2006
2005
to
2007
2006
to
2008
2007
to
2009
2008
to
2010
2009
to
2011
2010
to
2012
2011
to
2013
One or More
Reportable Diagnosis 
35.5 35.0 35.4 35.8 32.0 29.9 29.2 32.4 30.9 28.2 23.6 23.1

Notes:
Rates are per 1,000 Michigan Born Resident Live Births. Rates represent the infant mortality rate for children with a diagnosed birth defect. The rates include all deaths within the first year of life to children reported with a birth defect who were born in Michigan and whose mother was a resident at the time of birth. Birth defect statistics sometimes reflect trends related to data reporting or new testing. See Data Quality Considerations for further details.
Conditions are reportable if identified within the first two years of a child's life. The prevalence frequencies in this table represent cases diagnosed within the first year of life.
*: Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision.
Diagnoses are coded using the 9th revision to the International Classification of Diseases - ICD 9 CM.  Diagnostic Code Groupings used for congenital anomaly codes are as used by the Centers for Disease Control. (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.)
Source: Michigan Birth Defects Registry, Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services
Reports Processed through January 10, 2016

Last Updated on August 1, 2016