Table 21
Mortality Rates of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 1995-2013,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Moving Six-year Mortality Rates

Congenital Anomalies (740 - 759)

  Diagnostic Grouping1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
A. Congenital Anomalies of the
Central Nervous System
146.3 146.2 142.2 134.1 132.0 130.1 126.3 126.1 124.0 118.0 110.5 102.4 99.6 90.7
  A01. Anencephalus 676.5 682.5 726.0 645.6 613.6 647.1 597.4 565.8 506.5 533.3 507.7 492.5 507.5 571.4
  A02. Spina Bifida w/o Anencephaly 74.8 84.1 79.9 77.7 69.0 75.5 65.2 58.3 58.0 56.8 55.6 42.9 43.0 41.2
  A03. Hydrocephalus w/o Spina Bifida 152.9 154.9 147.8 149.5 150.7 155.6 164.8 170.1 177.0 171.2 163.5 148.4 137.8 127.1
  A04. Encephalocele 205.5 220.6 191.2 180.6 151.9 164.8 159.1 168.5 206.9 180.7 205.5 183.3 193.5 155.2
  A05. Microcephalus 152.6 146.0 152.2 139.9 139.0 129.5 132.1 140.0 131.4 126.1 119.7 114.2 104.1 76.9
  A99. All Other CNS
Anomalies
149.8 148.2 140.2 129.7 127.8 125.5 120.4 123.4 120.1 109.2 104.3 95.8 95.3 77.4
  Diagnostic Grouping1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
B. Congenital Anomalies of the Eye 39.3 38.1 38.7 37.1 39.3 39.5 40.8 40.6 37.9 37.0 33.7 30.5 28.8 24.5
  B01. Anopthalmos/Micropthalmos 126.9 143.9 160.3 165.6 166.7 181.3 186.3 194.8 197.1 206.6 189.2 181.0 184.8 162.5
  B02. Congenital Cataract 67.7 67.7 66.0 67.3 61.3 64.8 81.2 78.5 76.5 75.0 76.9 60.8 55.6 46.9
  B03. Aniridia - - - - - * * * * * * - - *
  B99. All Other Congenital
Anomalies of the Eye
30.3 30.6 30.5 28.2 32.0 31.3 32.8 31.8 29.8 29.6 26.0 23.4 20.4 17.2
  Diagnostic Grouping1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
C. Congenital Anomalies of the
Ear, Face & Neck
36.7 41.3 42.8 38.5 37.1 39.4 37.3 38.3 40.5 41.9 41.2 34.9 36.9 28.9
  C01. Anotia/Microtia * * * * * * * * * * * 66.7 68.2 *
  C99. All Other Congenital
Anomalies of the Ear,
Face & Neck
36.1 40.8 42.5 38.0 36.6 38.9 37.3 38.5 39.9 40.4 39.7 32.2 34.4 25.9

Table 21
Mortality Rates of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 1995-2013,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Moving Six-year Mortality Rates
(Continued)

Congenital Anomalies (740 - 759)

  Diagnostic Grouping1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
D. Congenital Anomalies of the
Heart & Circulatory System
73.4 71.6 70.0 69.3 66.5 63.4 59.4 58.2 58.9 57.9 57.4 56.4 57.3 56.9
  D01. Common Truncus 139.8 123.8 134.6 142.9 141.4 138.6 148.1 166.7 189.2 173.9 191.9 202.0 195.9 180.9
  D02. Transposition of Great
Vessels
155.7 150.1 149.2 145.6 156.6 129.4 120.3 135.5 134.3 129.6 125.3 127.6 126.7 107.6
  D03. Tetralogy of Fallot 149.7 142.2 136.1 134.2 126.5 121.7 109.8 101.7 120.9 128.2 113.9 103.2 106.9 106.1
  D04. Ventricular Septal Defect 63.7 60.7 62.3 63.4 65.9 60.6 56.5 56.9 58.9 56.6 53.0 52.5 51.9 46.7
  D05. Atrial Septal Defect 57.3 57.2 57.5 57.6 54.1 52.2 48.3 49.3 50.8 47.5 47.3 46.5 47.1 42.6
  D06. Endocardial Cushion Defect 164.5 150.2 138.0 139.2 145.7 147.0 135.5 140.7 156.6 159.8 151.9 131.1 120.0 115.8
  D07. Pulmonary Valve
Atresia & Stenosis
93.3 90.8 86.7 83.6 75.5 75.8 75.1 73.0 80.4 74.0 68.9 61.9 62.7 65.3
  D08. Tricuspid Valve
Atresia & Stenosis
262.6 226.1 190.5 182.5 157.0 118.1 90.9 90.1 130.8 125.0 125.0 154.6 127.5 129.0
  D09. Ebstein's Anomaly 164.9 151.1 154.8 146.2 147.9 125.0 102.9 104.2 98.6 166.7 203.4 236.4 228.1 228.1
  D10. Aortic Valve Stenosis 119.8 134.0 137.9 112.7 73.1 100.5 96.4 75.0 81.2 87.9 97.0 82.3 110.4 112.7
  D11. Hypoplastic Left Heart
Syndrome
361.1 361.6 348.0 337.5 304.9 269.8 247.8 249.2 267.1 281.7 281.0 283.2 276.1 296.6
  D12. Patent Ductus Arteriosis 85.4 82.9 82.9 82.5 81.5 81.6 74.9 78.7 85.3 79.1 79.9 77.6 78.7 75.1
  D13. Coarctation of Aorta 97.6 92.7 107.4 105.9 110.9 105.0 108.6 114.2 115.7 117.4 105.8 112.6 105.6 93.3
  D14. Pulmonary Artery Anomalies 87.8 84.8 75.1 73.9 69.0 64.0 51.6 54.1 60.0 59.5 58.2 53.5 64.2 59.3
  D99. All Other Congenital
Anomalies of the
Heart and Circulatory System
97.6 96.2 96.4 95.0 90.8 87.2 81.0 78.0 77.2 79.5 81.0 82.6 89.8 95.2
  Diagnostic Grouping1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
E. Congenital Anomalies of the
Respiratory System
142.3 127.3 119.9 111.5 103.3 97.4 85.1 81.3 78.2 77.7 76.2 70.4 74.1 77.5
  E01. Lung Agenesis/Hypoplasia 436.8 417.9 399.6 376.1 347.5 333.3 317.3 315.3 286.2 270.1 253.5 230.3 229.1 235.4
  E02. Choanal Atresia 91.7 90.9 99.3 71.9 58.8 50.4 * 48.0 * 52.2 76.3 79.6 94.8 96.0
  E99. All Other Congenital
Anomalies of the Respiratory
System
67.1 62.0 63.3 58.9 58.6 58.7 51.8 50.3 50.6 52.8 50.7 46.3 46.8 45.9
  Diagnostic Grouping1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
F. Cleft Palate & Cleft Lip 54.4 49.8 50.6 52.6 57.1 58.4 61.1 63.5 60.5 62.3 57.5 59.3 62.3 55.8
  F01. Cleft Palate 50.6 53.0 55.7 65.1 64.6 68.2 70.3 65.2 60.9 62.5 66.4 74.4 76.5 72.3
  F02. Cleft Lip w & w/o Cleft Palate 56.7 48.1 47.7 45.6 53.0 53.2 56.0 62.5 60.3 62.3 52.5 51.4 55.2 47.6

Table 21
Mortality Rates of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 1995-2013,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Moving Six-year Mortality Rates
(Continued)

Congenital Anomalies (740 - 759)

  Diagnostic Grouping1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
G. Congenital Anomalies
of the Upper Alimentary Canal/
Digestive System
50.4 51.3 53.6 56.1 61.9 63.4 63.3 63.4 64.6 61.1 53.7 51.2 49.1 44.1
  G01. Esophageal Atresia/
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
94.0 100.0 100.0 105.1 121.7 119.2 111.1 105.9 121.3 111.1 95.2 104.0 111.1 119.7
  G02. Rectal and Large Intestinal
Atresia/Stenosis
66.7 54.4 51.9 63.8 72.2 80.3 80.1 84.2 94.9 90.1 72.0 58.0 69.6 67.1
  G03. Pyloric Stenosis 10.2 11.4 11.3 11.6 12.0 11.2 10.7 8.4 8.6 6.2 7.2 6.6 7.0 6.5
  G04. Hirshsprung's Disease
(congenital megacolon)
* 22.0 26.0 33.1 37.6 35.3 44.2 38.6 39.8 38.3 37.2 45.2 37.0 42.1
  G05. Biliary Atresia 100.0 96.2 87.9 87.0 108.7 149.4 168.7 177.2 142.9 170.7 144.7 109.8 93.0 80.5
  G99. Other Cong. Anomalies
of Upper Alimentary Canal
/ Digestive System
75.8 79.9 83.9 85.0 91.5 91.3 89.0 88.9 89.2 84.7 75.5 72.1 66.8 56.8
  Diagnostic Grouping1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
H. Congenital Anomalies of the
Genital and Urinary Systems
31.1 28.7 27.7 28.9 29.1 29.3 29.0 29.4 30.2 30.2 29.6 29.5 29.9 28.6
  H01. Renal Agenesis/Hypoplasia 165.6 148.6 148.5 171.5 168.1 162.7 163.6 172.1 161.2 152.5 144.7 146.3 154.5 151.5
  H02. Bladder Exstrophy * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
  H03. Obstructive Genitourinary
Defects
35.8 29.3 30.6 32.9 36.4 36.1 35.2 37.3 39.4 42.4 40.7 41.5 38.9 39.9
  H04. Hypospadias &
Epispadias
12.2 15.5 15.2 15.0 17.0 18.1 18.5 17.1 17.7 16.3 14.4 12.4 11.8 9.3
  H99. All Other Congenital
Anomalies of the Genital
& Urinary Systems
29.0 26.7 26.0 26.5 27.0 26.7 26.6 27.2 28.1 28.6 28.5 29.3 29.3 28.1

Table 21
Mortality Rates of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 1995-2013,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Moving Six-year Mortality Rates
(Continued)

Congenital Anomalies (740 - 759)

  Diagnostic Grouping1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
I. Congenital Anomalies of the
Musculoskeletal System
35.1 32.8 30.3 29.5 29.5 29.2 27.4 27.5 28.7 29.2 28.0 25.9 24.8 22.2
  I01. Upper Limb
Reduction Deformities
55.8 65.4 60.5 51.9 73.2 75.8 70.3 59.1 64.2 78.2 54.9 59.1 60.8 47.6
  I02. Lower Limb
Reduction Deformities
46.5 53.0 51.9 * 47.3 38.5 49.4 64.9 68.5 82.8 72.5 71.4 66.1 *
  I03. Gastroschisis/Omphalocele 97.1 97.1 105.6 103.2 88.9 91.4 94.1 95.7 94.0 91.5 99.6 96.8 100.0 87.5
  I03a. Omphalocele --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
  I03b. Gastroschisis --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
  I03c. Other & Unspecified
Abdominal Wall Anomalies
97.4 97.7 106.3 101.2 86.8 89.2 92.2 93.6 88.2 85.5 96.9 98.9 104.5 96.0
  I04. Congenital Hip Dislocation 16.5 17.1 18.5 14.2 14.5 13.3 14.7 14.4 11.9 13.5 15.3 13.8 10.8 8.4
  I05. Diaphragmatic Hernia 205.8 168.7 166.0 146.3 155.0 152.0 148.3 175.6 172.9 167.9 168.6 156.9 178.3 186.9
  I99. All Other
Congenital Anomalies of
the Musculoskeletal System
31.4 29.4 27.0 26.3 26.6 26.4 24.4 24.1 25.1 25.9 23.8 21.8 20.2 17.6
  Diagnostic Grouping1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
J. Congenital Anomalies
of the Integument
18.9 20.5 20.8 20.4 18.9 17.6 12.4 10.3 7.4 6.9 6.8 6.3 5.8 5.5
  Diagnostic Grouping1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
K. Chromosomal Anomalies 157.3 151.8 148.3 151.8 150.1 149.6 135.3 128.2 127.4 124.0 114.8 109.5 108.8 113.9
  K01. Trisomy 13 564.5 517.2 480.8 528.3 615.4 614.0 627.5 638.3 652.2 650.0 588.2 677.4 694.4 700.0
  K02. Down Syndrome 80.3 81.0 82.3 90.7 94.5 94.6 81.3 72.6 75.3 71.8 65.0 56.5 54.3 60.7
  K03. Trisomy 18 637.3 619.0 605.5 531.7 515.9 500.0 495.9 460.9 449.2 500.0 480.0 520.0 500.0 489.6
  K99. All Other
Chromosomal Anomalies
148.0 145.4 145.5 144.2 135.3 142.9 131.8 133.8 122.6 117.4 117.7 106.6 106.9 111.3
  Diagnostic Grouping1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
L. Other and Unspecified
Congenital Anomalies
135.5 115.7 102.0 96.7 95.6 88.9 86.9 91.4 98.4 106.5 64.2 48.3 38.4 31.4

Table 21
Mortality Rates of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 1995-2013,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Moving Six-year Mortality Rates
(Continued)

Other Reportable Conditions

  Diagnostic Grouping1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
M. Infectious Conditions
Occurring in the Perinatal
Period
29.7 29.0 25.7 25.7 24.4 24.1 27.3 30.1 35.9 47.9 62.9 62.9 59.8 57.9
  M01. Syphilis * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
  M02. Other Infections 100.0 107.6 89.6 92.1 85.3 75.7 74.4 67.5 67.7 68.2 64.2 64.5 61.0 60.6
  Diagnostic Grouping1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
N. Familial/Congenital
Neoplasms
* * * * * - - * * * * * * -
  Diagnostic Grouping1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
O. Endocrine/Metabolic
Disorders
80.8 74.9 68.8 65.6 64.7 64.6 64.8 61.2 61.5 59.3 55.9 54.9 53.4 48.4
  Diagnostic Grouping1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
P. Diseases of the Blood
& Blood Forming Organs
114.4 106.3 94.6 87.2 76.6 72.2 70.6 62.0 63.4 66.3 67.9 61.2 56.2 55.4
  Diagnostic Grouping1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
Q. Other Diseases of the
Central and Peripheral
Nervous System
117.3 112.8 107.4 106.4 101.7 98.7 93.5 98.7 93.4 91.7 86.1 80.1 72.7 58.1
  Diagnostic Grouping1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
R. Other Diseases of the Eye 48.0 48.0 47.7 47.6 49.6 51.8 48.3 49.6 50.9 49.6 45.1 40.8 35.9 26.8
  Diagnostic Grouping1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
S. Hearing Deficiency 41.9 30.8 28.8 27.9 27.2 30.4 28.0 29.1 27.9 27.2 23.3 16.7 14.1 10.3
  Diagnostic Grouping1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
T. Other Diseases of the
Heart & Circulatory System
102.6 99.9 100.7 100.7 103.9 97.6 95.2 103.5 104.8 106.8 101.2 102.2 96.1 81.9

Table 21
Mortality Rates of Michigan Children with Reported Birth Defects
by Detailed Diagnostic Code Group and Birth Year,
Michigan Resident Children Born in Michigan During 1995-2013,
Cases Diagnosed within One Year from Birth
Moving Six-year Mortality Rates
(Continued)

Other Reportable Conditions

  Diagnostic Grouping1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
U. Other Diseases of the
Gastrointestinal System
44.2 42.3 41.6 39.1 39.1 38.4 37.4 36.7 38.0 40.0 41.7 43.2 42.9 41.7
  Diagnostic Grouping1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
V. Other Diseases of the
Genital and Urinary Systems
* * * * * * * * * * * * * *
  Diagnostic Grouping1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
W. Other Fetal/Placental
Anomalies
- - - - - * * * * * * - - -
  Diagnostic Grouping1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
X. Other Musculoskeletal
System Diseases
- - - - - - - - - - - - - -
  Diagnostic Grouping1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
Y. Maternal Exposures
Affecting Fetus
36.8 30.1 25.7 31.1 30.3 26.4 25.2 27.5 29.7 29.2 27.3 26.0 26.2 25.3
  Y01. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome 50.8 44.6 * * 44.1 * * * * * - - - *
  Y99. Other Maternal Exposures
Affecting the Fetus
31.4 25.9 23.4 29.7 27.3 26.3 24.8 27.0 30.0 30.2 28.8 27.0 26.8 25.3
  Diagnostic Grouping1995
to
2000
1996
to
2001
1997
to
2002
1998
to
2003
1999
to
2004
2000
to
2005
2001
to
2006
2002
to
2007
2003
to
2008
2004
to
2009
2005
to
2010
2006
to
2011
2007
to
2012
2008
to
2013
One or More
Reportable Diagnosis 
43.0 41.1 39.2 38.0 37.0 35.7 33.5 32.5 32.5 32.2 30.3 28.7 27.7 26.6

Notes:
Rates are per 1,000 Michigan Born Resident Live Births. Rates represent the infant mortality rate for children with a diagnosed birth defect. The rates include all deaths within the first year of life to children reported with a birth defect who were born in Michigan and whose mother was a resident at the time of birth. Birth defect statistics sometimes reflect trends related to data reporting or new testing. See Data Quality Considerations for further details.
Conditions are reportable if identified within the first two years of a child's life. The prevalence frequencies in this table represent cases diagnosed within the first year of life.
*: Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision.
Diagnoses are coded using the 9th revision to the International Classification of Diseases - ICD 9 CM.  Diagnostic Code Groupings used for congenital anomaly codes are as used by the Centers for Disease Control. (See Birth Defect Groups and ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Codes for the codes used to categorize birth defects.)
Source: Michigan Birth Defects Registry, Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services
Reports Processed through January 10, 2016

Last Updated on August 1, 2016